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PSY430 80 mcq questions




Question;21. Three of the;following suggestions are apt to be helpful when teachers work with students;and their parents. With the;textbook?s discussion of parenting styles in mind, choose the strategy that is apt to be counterproductive.;a. Keep in mind that many parents from Asian cultures;effectively combine elements of;authoritative and authoritarian parenting.;b. Acknowledge that authoritarian methods may be quite;appropriate if families live in;dangerous neighborhoods.;c. Point out that parents who use authoritarian methods may;be causing some of their children?s;behavior problems.;d. Keep in mind that many children do well in school despite;less-than-optimal parenting styles at;home.;22. Which one of the;following should you definitely do if you suspect that one of your students;is the victim of abuse or neglect at home?;a. Temporarily lower your expectations for the student?s;academic performance until conditions;at home seem to improve.;b. Spend some one-on-one time with the student in an effort;to get him or her to confide in you.;c. Keep a close eye on the student over the next few weeks;looking for additional evidence that;either supports or disconfirms your suspicions.;d. Immediately report your suspicions to a school;administrator or social services.;23. Three of the;following teachers are socializing their students in the way that schools;typically do. Which teacher is not;socializing students in a typical fashion?;a. Ms. Allen insists that her students complete their;independent seatwork before they go to recess.;b. Ms. Bernetti has her students go to lunch by rows;letting the quietest rows go first.;c. Ms. Dobson;suggests that Sean bang his fist against the wall a few times whenever he gets;frustrated.;d. Ms. Castanza does not permit her students to talk back to;her in a disrespectful fashion.;24. Three of the;following tend to be fairly stable personality traits that children have to;varying degrees. Which one would;psychologists not characterize as a relatively stable personality trait?;a. how dependable children are in doing their work carefully;and following through on assigned tasks;b. how outgoing and friendly children are with their peers;c. how quickly children solve math problems;d. how often children have negative emotions such as anger;or depression;25. Given what we;know about the development of sense of self, three of the following are;likely scenarios. Which scenario is;not likely to occur?;a. Mike vacillates between thinking of himself as being very;smart and as being extremely stupid.;b. Aaron thinks that kids his age don?t like him, so he;spends most of his spare time with his;parents.;c. Daniel knows he has many friends, but he wishes he were a;better student.;d. Rex knows he?s good in math and science but thinks of;himself as a total klutz when it comes;to sports.;1. Which one of the;following is the most accurate statement about group differences among students?;a. When we have knowledge about typical group differences;we have a very good idea of how;individual students are likely to perform in the classroom.;b. We can make fairly accurate predictions about individual;students when we know their gender;but not when we know their ethnic background.;c. We can make fairly accurate predictions about individual;students when we know their ethnic;background, but not when we know their gender.;d. The average for two groups may be different, but;variability within each group keeps us;from predicting individual performance.;2. Ten-year-old Svana;has recently immigrated from Iceland to the United States. If we say that Svana;is undergoing acculturation, we mean that she is;a. refusing to speak any English at school.;b. afraid to engage in social activities with her American;peers.;c. adopting some American behaviors and attitudes.;d. maintaining all of the customs of her homeland.;3. Three of the;following are likely to give you reasonable clues about a student?s;cultural background and/or ethnic;group membership. Which one is probably least dependable as an indicator of a student?s cultural;background and ethnicity?;a. the color of a student?s skin;b. what language is most often spoken at home;c. the ethnicity of the student?s parents;d. the cultural and religious activities in which a student;regularly participates;4. Which one of the;following is the best example of playing the dozens?;a. Jameel says to Ronald, ?Your momma?s so fat her picture;takes two frames.? Ronald responds;?Yeah? Well, your momma?s so fat it took three cows to make her a pair of shoes.?;b. Helena tells her friend Mary that Wendy has been saying;unkind things behind Mary?s back. She;then goes to Wendy and tells her that Mary has been saying unkind things behind her back.;c. Tariq devoutly follows Muslim practices (e.g., praying;five times a day, fasting during;Ramadan) on weekends and school holidays, but he tries to behave as his;American classmates do on days when;he attends school.;d. When Alegria finishes her own classwork, she goes to the;assistance of classmates who appear to;be struggling with theirs.;5. A student says to;you, ?My momma, she be singin? all da time.? This student appears to;a. have a speech disorder that sometimes results from;environmental toxins (e.g.;lead-based paint).;b. have had little exposure to language during a critical;period in her language development.;c. be using African American English, a dialect with some;grammatical constructions different;from those of Standard English.;d. have grown up in Northern Ireland and so is using idioms;typical of that country.;6. Three of the;following alternatives describe reasons why, for cultural reasons, children may;be relatively quiet in class. Which;alternative is false?;a. In some cultures, children rarely hear spoken language;until age 3 or 4.;b. Children from some cultural backgrounds may have been;taught that it?s rude to initiate a;conversation with an adult.;c. In some cultures;attentive listening is valued more highly than speaking.;d. In some cultural groups, children are accustomed to;learning more from quiet observation;than from asking questions.;7. Psychologists;believe that intelligence is culture-specific?that ?intelligent? behavior in;one culture is not necessarily;intelligent behavior in a different culture. Three of the following are aspects of intelligence, regardless of the;culture in which it is found. Which one is probably related to intelligence in some cultures;but not in others?;a. learning how to perform a new task quickly;b. doing well in academic classroom activities;c. adapting readily;to new situations;d. applying prior knowledge to new situations;8. Robert is a 15-year-old;boy who has attended U.S. schools since he began kindergarten at age 5. With this fact in mind, identify the;task that is most likely to require Robert?s fluid intelligence rather than his crystallized;intelligence.;a. applying algebra to a mathematical word problem;b. solving a new kind of puzzle;c. writing a persuasive essay on a current issue in the news;d. finding Egypt on a map;9. Sam is a very;talented dancer, he also shows considerable creativity in art class. He finds;math and science classes very;difficult, but he loves to read and tell stories to his many friends. Which view of intelligence is best;reflected in Sam?s abilities?;a. Piaget?s theory of cognitive development;b. Gardner?s multiple intelligences;c. Sternberg?s triarchic theory d. distributed intelligence;10. Which one of the;following statements best reflects Sternberg?s triarchic theory of;intelligence?;a. Intelligent behavior is a function of how well people;draw on their prior experiences and;cognitively process information in order to adapt to their particular;environmental situation.;b. Intelligent behavior evolves in three stages;preoperational thought, concrete thought;and abstract thought.;c. To be truly intelligent, one must show competence in;critical thinking and appropriate;classroom behavior, as well as in traditional academic tasks.;d. Intelligence is due to heredity, environment, and a;complex interaction between the two;ultimately, researchers will probably never be able to separate the relative;effects of heredity and environment.;11. Which one of the;following statements most accurately reflects the concept of distributed intelligence?;a. How intelligent students are is, to some extent, a;function of class size, students;achieve at lower levels when they are in larger classes.;b. Students almost invariably perform at higher levels in;some academic subject areas than they;do in others.;c. How intelligent children become is, to some extent, a;function of the number of siblings;they have, children from larger families tend to have slightly lower IQ;scores.;d. Students can behave more intelligently when they can use;outside resources as well as their;minds.;12. ?A child?s;ability to behave intelligently may vary considerably, depending on the;particular context, skills, and;cognitive processes required by a given task.? This statement is;consistent with three of the;following conceptualizations of intelligence. With which one is it least consistent?;a. Gardner?s theory of multiple intelligences;b. Sternberg?s triarchic theory;c. the concept of distributed intelligence;d. Cattell?s concept of fluid intelligence;13. Three of the;following are examples of learned behavior. Given the textbook?s definition;of learning, which behavior;probably does not reflect learning?;a. After many hours of heated debate, Brian begins to modify;his religious beliefs.;b. Cara suddenly recognizes how the division fact ?24 ? 4 =;6? is related to the multiplication;fact ?6 ? 4 = 24.?;c. David has been running away from German shepherds ever;since he was bitten by a German;shepherd two years ago.;d. Abigail cries when she feels sad.;14. Which one of the;following statements most accurately describes behaviorists? view of how learning can best be studied?;a. To study learning scientifically, researchers must;confine their investigations to animal;research in a laboratory setting.;b. The study of learning will be more objective and;scientific if only observable events are;considered.;c. Asking people to describe what they?re thinking as they;study is likely to yield the most;accurate results.;d. Psychologists can determine how learning occurs only if;they can identify its physiological;basis.;15. Which one of the;following statements best characterizes cognitive psychology?s approach to learning?;a. Students are most likely to learn the things they think;they will be reinforced for learning.;b. Students learn through a series of either-or decisions;similar to how computers operate.;c. Students? learning is a function of what they do;mentally, with the information they;receive.;d. Students? learning is a function of how stimuli in the;environment are organized and;sequenced.;16. Which one of the;following researchers is drawing an inference about cognitive processes;from her observations of behavior?;a. Dr. Aragon finds that students who listen to an organized;lecture remember more information than;students who listen to an unorganized lecture, she concludes that organized material promotes better;learning.;b. Dr. Cooper discovers that students remember more when new;concepts are illustrated by pictures;as well as being verbally described, she concludes that visual imagery;helps learning and memory.;c. Dr. Burger finds that students who learn information word;for word don?t remember it for very;long, she concludes that requiring students to learn information verbatim;isn?t an effective teaching strategy.;d. Dr. Delgado finds that students who listen to foreign;language tapes while sleeping don?t;remember what they?ve heard, she concludes that being awake is necessary;for learning to occur.;17. As human beings;we encounter a great many stimuli at any one time. Which one of the following most accurately reflects;cognitive psychologists? perspective about how we respond to all these stimuli?;a. We cannot remember everything, and we have little control;over the things that we do remember.;b. We must select the things we think are most important to;learn and remember, and ignore the;rest.;c. We remember virtually everything we experience, but we;have difficulty retrieving most of it.;d. By learning to use effective long-term memory storage;processes, we can eventually begin to;remember almost everything we encounter.;18. When cognitive psychologists talk about the process of;?putting? things in memory, they often;use the term;a. inference-drawing.;b. retrieval.;c. selectivity.;d. storage.;19. Many cognitive;psychologists believe that learning and understanding are often;constructive in nature. Three of the;following scenarios illustrate such construction. Which scenario does not necessarily involve construction in;learning?;a. When George reads about the Vietnam War in his history;book, he comes to the conclusion that;the United States should never have gotten involved in Southeast Asia.;b. Mr. McFarland asks his third graders to practice their;multiplication tables every day.;After a month of such practice, Misty can retrieve all the basic;multiplication facts quickly and;easily.;c. Because the word photosynthesis begins with photo, Jeremy;guesses that it must have something;to do with taking photographs.;d. Although no one has ever told her so, Peggy thinks that;the night sky is a big black blanket;covering the earth and that the blanket has tiny holes through which the;stars shine.;20. Mr. Janus tells;his class, ?For tomorrow?s class, read pages 23 to 49 in your geography;book.? Three of the following;students are demonstrating the process of construction in their perceptions of what their teacher has;said. Which student is not?;a. Christopher ?hears? the teacher say ?pages 33 to 39?;because the student next to him is;coughing loudly.;b. Anthony thinks the teacher is saying ?history book.?;c. Bonita doesn?t hear what the teacher says because she?s;thinking about something else.;d. Dena understands the teacher even though the teacher;speaks with a slight accent and;mispronounces the word geography.;21. Michael has just;written a short research paper that describes the events surrounding the;first transatlantic telegraph;cable. As he rereads his paper before giving it to his teacher, he doesn?t notice that he has misspelled Atlantic as;?Altantic? on one occasion, even though he knows perfectly well how the word should be;spelled. Michael?s proofreading error can best be explained by considering the role of;in the construction of meaning.;a. a script;b. expectations;c. assessment;d. ambiguity;22. Morris is trying;to remember how to spell the word broccoli. He retrieves the first three;letters (B R O) and the last three;(O L I), then assumes that the ?kuh? sound in the middle of the word must be a K. He writes ?brokoli? on;his paper. Morris? process of remembering how to spell the word (in this case;incorrectly) illustrates which one of the following concepts?;a. verbal mediation;b. a script;c. construction in retrieval;d. a retrieval cue;23. Which one of the;following scenarios best reflects the basic idea of social constructivism?;a. Two students discuss possible interpretations of the;proverb, ?We only know the worth of;water when the well is dry.?;b. When a student borrows a classmate?s marker without;asking and then forgets to put the cap;back on, leaving it dried out and useless by the following morning, her;teacher reminds her of one of the;class rules: ?Respect your classmates? property.?;c. Four students in a study group divide a reading;assignment into four sections. Each;student reads a section and then teaches the material to the other group;members.;d. A teacher assigns a laboratory activity using cumbersome;equipment that students can operate;successfully only by working in pairs.;24. Distributed;cognition can best be described as a;a. group of students thinking about a task or problem;together.;b. student trying to accomplish several different tasks;simultaneously.;c. group of students dividing up the various parts of a task;that need to be done.;d. student choosing one problem-solving strategy over other;possible strategies.;25. Which one of the;following examples best illustrates the concept of distributed cognition?;a. Rhonda watches her favorite situation comedy while;simultaneously eating an apple and;doing her homework.;b. Edie, Linda, and DeWayne discuss various ways they might;solve a physics problem.;c. Mark, Jason, and Leanne each solve one-third of their;homework problems and then share their;results with the other two.;d. Reginald thinks about the various plots he might use in;the short story he is writing and then;eventually chooses one of them.;1. Weston is working;on a science project and wants to make his papier-m?ch? volcano ?erupt.? He remembers that when his mother combined;vinegar and baking soda while following a;recipe, the batter foamed up as she added the vinegar. So he tries;mixing vinegar and baking soda in his;volcano and the mixture bubbles. Weston is showing ___________ transfer.;a. negative;b. general;c. specific;d. intuitive;2. Mary is majoring;in drama. Mary?s parents want her to study advanced mathematics as a way of strengthening her mind, with a stronger;mind, they argue, she will be able to learn her lines more easily when she is rehearsing for a;play. Based on their reasoning, which one of the following perspectives of transfer do;Mary?s parents hold?;a. formal discipline;b. specific transfer;c. situated cognition;d. information processing;3. Which one of the;following recommendations is consistent with current beliefs about transfer?;a. ?Study German so you?ll have an easier time learning;Japanese next year.?;b. ?Studying calculus will help you think more abstractly;about the various subjects you will;study in college.?;c. ?Take computer programming to help you develop your;analytical thinking skills.?;d. ?Use your knowledge of algebra to solve this chemistry;equation.?;4. Considering the;textbook?s views on general transfer, which one of the following is most likely;to transfer across very different;situations?;a. the ability to remember complex ideas b. the ability to;take good notes on a lecture c. the ability to memorize a poem d. the ability;to be creative;5. Three of the;following are accurate statements about factors that affect transfer.;Which statement is inaccurate?;a. Students are more likely to transfer what they have;learned when they see it as;?belonging? to a particular academic subject area.;b. Students are more likely to transfer what they have learned;when they have studied it for a;lengthy period of time.;c. Students are more likely to transfer what they have;learned when they have learned it in a;meaningful, rather than rote, fashion.;d. Students are more likely to transfer what they have;learned when they have learned;general principles rather than specific facts.;6. In which one of;the following situations are we most likely to find transfer from one learning;task to the other?;a. Brianne learns how to plant corn and then learns how to;prune a hedge.;b. Alice learns how to add two-digit numbers and then;studies how to add three-digit;numbers.;c. Devlin learns how to play softball and then learns how to;play a card game.;d. Cathy learns early British history and then learns early;Japanese history.;7. A police officer;visits Ms. Duhaime?s first-grade class one morning to talk about safety precautions at home and on the street. The;students listen quietly and attentively while the officer speaks. At the end of the visit;the officer and teacher agree that the students? good behavior warrants some kind of;reinforcement. Given what we know about effective reinforcers at different grade levels, their best;choice would be;a. a letter home to parents describing the children?s good;behavior.;b. plastic toy police ?badges? awarded by the officer.;c. an official-looking ?good behavior? certificate given at;the school?s award ceremony the;following week.;d. twenty minutes of free time at the end of the day.;8. If you wanted to;encourage kindergartners to delay gratification, you would be most likely to;a. occasionally remind them that they will get a bigger;reward by waiting a couple of hours.;b. tell them that how well they behave at the end of the day;is what really counts.;c. talk about how their learning efforts today will pay off;in the years to come.;d. ask them to focus on how good it feels to do something;nice for a classmate.;9. Alex loses his;best friend, Tyler, after he tattles on Tyler at recess. Alex learns that;tattling on friends is not a good;idea. The loss of Tyler?s friendship is an example of;a. negative reinforcement.;b. removal punishment.;c. presentation punishment.;d. positive reinforcement.;Unit 3 Examination;10. Linda wears;bell-bottom pants to school and her classmates tease her about them. As soon;as she gets home, Linda throws the;pants in the trash. Linda?s being teased is an example of;a. negative reinforcement.;b. reinforcement of an incompatible behavior.;c. removal punishment.;d. presentation punishment.;11. Only one of the;following consequences has been shown to be an effective and appropriate punishment for most students. Which one;is it?;a. suspension from school;b. scolding;c. embarrassment in front of classmates;d. extra homework;12. When Rochelle has;an on-the-road lesson as part of her driver education class, she fails to stop at a school crossing zone, as is;required by law. Her instructor has her drive around the block several times and stop each;time at the crossing zone. He also insists that, once she has stopped, she must wait at least;eight seconds before proceeding. The instructor?s strategy illustrates the use of;as a way of changing her behavior.;a. response cost;b. a logical consequence;c. intermittent reinforcement;d. positive-practice overcorrection;13. Considering what;we know about the kinds of models people are likely to imitate, we can;guess that the girls in our classes;will be least likely to imitate;a. Brianne, head majorette in the school band.;b. Anita, a skillful auto mechanic.;c. Darla, a graceful dancer.;d. Claudia, the most popular girl in school.;14. From the;perspective of social cognitive theory, why might inner-city African American;students learn more from an African;American model who grew up in a ghetto than from a model of a different race or background?;a. because the students will view the African American;model?s behavior as being applicable;to their own situation;b. because the students are more likely to realize that the;African American model has prestige;c. because the African American model is more likely to;behave in a gender-appropriate manner;d. because the students are more likely to perceive the;African American model as being;competent;15. Social cognitive;theorists propose that three of the following are essential for students to;learn successfully from models.;Which one is not essential?;a. attention to the model;b. reinforcement for good performance;c. motivation to perform the behavior;d. memory of the observed behavior;16. Only one of the;following definitely illustrates high self-efficacy. Which one is the best;example of self-efficacy?;a. Carmen enjoys being with her friends.;b. Bryn swims the fastest butterfly on the swim team.;c. Amy recently got a score of 120 on an intelligence test.;d. Danielle knows she is a good singer.;17. In what way does;self-efficacy differ from the term self-concept?;a. Self-efficacy results primarily from vicarious;reinforcement and punishment.;b. Self-efficacy varies depending on the specific task to be;performed.;c. Self-efficacy refers only to behaviors that people learn;through modeling.;d. Self-efficacy appears only after people begin to regulate;their own behavior.;18. Jim has a high;sense of self-efficacy regarding his ability to work with wood. Based on;this information, we would predict;three of the following from social cognitive theory. Which one of the following would we not necessarily;predict?;a. Jim will be a bit careless when he works with wood, so he;will often make silly little;mistakes.;b. Jim will frequently choose activities that involve;working with wood.;c. Compared to Joe, who has low self-efficacy, Jim will do a;better job at woodworking tasks.;d. If Jim has difficulty at a task requiring his woodworking;skills, he will tend to ?try, try;again? until he gets it right.;19. Identify the;student who appears to have a mastery goal rather than a performance goal.;a. When Abby gets a new assignment, she likes to set it;aside for a day or so before she;actually begins to work on it.;b. When given the choice between taking an easy class or a;more challenging one, Dana chooses;the challenging one.;c. Bonnie is a perfectionist who gets upset when her test;performance is anything but A+.;d. Cora is easily distracted by the many stimuli competing;for her attention in the classroom.;20. Which one of the;following students clearly has a mastery goal rather than a performance goal?;a. Alice stays away from science courses because she?s never;done very well in science.;b. Dinah doesn?t worry about making mistakes as long as she;knows she?s making progress.;c. Boris wants the recognition that being a star football player;will bring him.;d. Cal is relieved to learn he passed his English;composition course.;21. Three of the;following strategies should promote productive achievement goals. Which;strategy is not recommended?;a. Encourage students to focus on long-term rather than;short-term goals.;b. Commend students for truly understanding material rather;than just memorizing it.;c. Encourage students to rely on one another for occasional;academic assistance and support.;d. Show students how the things they learn in class are;relevant to their present and future;needs.;22. Which one of the;following students most clearly has a work-avoidance goal?;a. Loni is so active in student government that she often;doesn?t have time to get her homework;done.;b. Chris asks for his teacher?s help on something he is;perfectly capable of doing on his;own.;c. Frederick stayed up so late last night watching;television that he can hardly stay awake;in class.;d. Nancy wonders why;she has to work harder than her friends to get the same grades they do.;23. Three of the;following statements accurately describe the diversity we are likely to see;in students? career goals. Which;statement is not accurate?;a. Students? career choices are to some extent dependent on;the values they assign to various;professions.;b. Many young children reach relatively stable decisions;about which career they want to;pursue, adolescents change their minds fairly frequently.;c. Despite more open-mindedness about career options in;recent years, many students continue;to aspire to careers that are stereotypically ?for? their own gender.;d. Many children and adolescents from low-income;neighborhoods express interest in;becoming well-educated professionals (e.g., doctors, lawyers, teachers).;24. Which one of the;following is the best example of a student attributing success to internal factors?;a. Sue Ellen has just gotten a good grade on her geography;test. She is proud that she did so;well and glad that she studied hard.;b. Polly?s teacher has just told her that she will be the;group leader for her reading group;next quarter. Polly is glad her teacher is in a good mood today.;c. Renata has just gotten a good grade on her math test and;she is glad that her mother got her a;math tutor.;d. Nita has just gotten an A on her final exam in world;history and is feeling very grateful;to the teacher for her good grade.;25. Which one of the;following students is attributing success or failure on a geology test to;an internal source and thinks the;cause is unstable and controllable?;a. Duncan said he did well on the test because he studied;hard.;b. Joe said he studied hard, but he failed because he is;just not good in geology.;c. Jane said she failed the test because it was too;difficult.;d. Emily said she did well on her test because she is smart;in science.;1. Mr. Phillips wants;his students to develop the ability to separate and control variables in scientific experimentation. Which one of;the following instructional methods is most likely to help his students achieve this goal?;a. individualized assignments using computer spreadsheets;b. unstructured discovery-learning activities;c. small-group reciprocal-teaching activities;d. scaffolded inquiry-learning activities;2. Which one of the;following conditions is recommended for effective learning in a discovery- learning activity?;a. having a lesson that has been broken down into small;discrete pieces;b. having freedom to explore one?s environment without any;structure or restraint;c. having some prior knowledge about the material being;explored;d. having an advance organizer for the lesson;3. Which one of the;following is the best example of an authentic in-class activity?;a. discussing reasons why World War I occurred;b. putting definitions of new terms in your own words;c. listing four different kinds of sedimentary rocks;d. designing a bridge using principles of physics;4. Which one of the;following uses of a computer in instruction is most similar to an;authentic activity?;a. a computer-based instructional program that teaches the;various parts of the human digestive;system;b. a computer-based instructional program that teaches the;basics of first aid;c. a computer simulation that allows students to conduct an;experiment;d. a computer game that promotes automaticity for basic math;facts;5. The four teachers;below are assigning homework to their students. Which teacher is giving an assignment that?s inconsistent with general;recommendations regarding the appropriate use of homework?;a. Mr. Needham asks his first graders to bring something;from home that begins with the letter;B.;b. Ms. Wong asks her sixth graders to make up sentences;using each of their new spelling;words.;c. Ms. Powell asks her high school algebra students to read;the next two chapters in their;textbook and then do the problems at the end of each chapter.;d. Mr. Rhodes asks his eighth graders to write the answers;to a series of questions based on;material they?ve been studying over the past week.;6. Three of the;following are purposes that asking questions in class can serve. Which one is;not a typical use of asking;questions?;a. to decrease the extent to which students need to;cognitively process classroom material;b. to encourage students to elaborate on classroom material;c. to help students monitor their own comprehension of;classroom material;d. to determine whether students understand classroom;material;7. Ms. Girardi, a;sixth-grade teacher, is explaining an assignment. She notices two students passing notes to one another. While;continuing to discuss the assignment, she moves toward the students and confiscates the written;notes. Then she walks back to the front of the class, still continuing her explanation, and asks;Mark, who is daydreaming, to answer a question. This scenario best illustrates which one of the;following classroom management skills?;a. planning for transitions;b. withitness;c. negative reinforcement;d. scaffolding;8. Many students in;Ms. Janklow?s class seem to have little intrinsic motivation for learning;math, science or social studies. Their;minds are more apt to be on peer relationships (who the ?popular kids? are, who bullies whom on the;playground, etc.) than on their studies. Without knowing anything else about Ms. Janklow?s;students, your best guess would be that they are;a. kindergartners.;b. seventh graders.;c. fourth graders.;d. second graders.;9. From the;textbook?s perspective, which one of the following classroom management;strategies is probably most important;for students from diverse ethnic backgrounds?;a. setting limits;b. planning effectively for transitions;c. creating a supportive climate;d. demonstrating withitness;10. Three of the;following describe recommendations that the textbook offers for helping;students with special needs. Which statement;is inconsistent with the textbook?s recommendations?;a. Give students with physical disabilities any additional;time they may need to complete;assigned tasks.;b. When students have significant general delays in;cognitive development, give them;explicit feedback about their behavior.;c. When students have specific cognitive or academic;difficulties, teach them strategies for;organizing their time more effectively.;d. When students have social or behavioral pro


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