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devry PSYC110 ch 1 pretest




Question;1);What did Watson believe about behavior?;that it stems from unconscious motivation;that it and personality form in the first 6 years of life;that it is learned;that it is related to repressed conflict;2);John Watson believed that phobias;are the result of a traumatic event.;are an indication of a deeper mental problem.;cannot be eliminated entirely.;are learned through the process of conditioning.;3);Freud believed that personality was formed;in the first 6 years of life.;in the first 2 years of life.;around puberty when the sex organs develop.;after a traumatizing event.;4);The psychological perspective that is associated with;William James is;structuralism.;functionalism.;conflict.;psychoanalysis.;5);Which of the following is a guideline for doing research;with people?;Participants must understand that confidentiality is not;guaranteed.;Deception is never justified.;Participants must be allowed to make an informed decision;about participation.;Participants cannot just quit without a valid, logical;reason.;6);Because psychologists want to be precise and measure as;carefully as they can, they use ________ to study psychology.;mental processes;functionalism and structuralism;introspection;the scientific method;7);A ________ has a medical degree and is a medical doctor who;specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.;psychiatric social worker;psychiatrist;psychologist;psychoanalyst;8);Freud?s theory of psychoanalysis;has no place in modern scientific study.;is as commonly used today as it was a few decades ago.;has been completely rejected by modern psychologists.;is still in use by professionals today, with less emphasis;on sex and sexual motivations.;9);Mary is a psychologist who focuses on the role of the;conscious and unconscious minds. To which perspective does Mary ascribe?;humanistic;psychodynamic;cognitive;behavioral;10);focuses on how people think, remember, store, and;use information.;Behaviorism;Cognitive psychology;Structuralism;Objective introspection;11);Which of the following illustrates psychology's goal of;control?;using rewards to help a smoker give up cigarettes.;giving psychological tests to a new therapy client to;determine the client's symptoms.;predicting students' university grades based on their high;school grades.;observing the behavior of children in preschool.;12);Sasha sat in the preschool classroom and watched the;children play, writing down how well they interacted with each other. The;children could see that Sasha was watching them, so they made an attempt to be;extra well-behaved for her. Sasha's research will be impacted by;participant observation.;an inability to replicate the results.;the observer effect.;observer bias.;13);When Mary took the survey in the mall, she noticed that the;interviewer was wearing an Obama button. She answered the questions more;favorably toward Obama than she might otherwise have, probably because;of observer bias.;the survey questions were biased.;she misunderstand the purpose of the survey.;of courtesy bias.;14);Anna is 45 years old and is suffering from hot flashes and;extreme moodiness. From a(n) _____ perspective, Anna's symptoms can be;attributed to menopause.;biopsychological;psychodynamic;cognitive;analytical;15);Dr. Edwards wants to show a causal relationship between;tobacco smoking and cancer. Dr. Edwards should;find a correlation between smoking and the rates of cancer.;observe people smoking.;conduct an experiment using animal participants.;conduct a telephone survey asking smokers about their;health.;16);A researcher wants to describe children's normal behavior on;the playground. The best method for this research is to use;a survey.;an experiment.;a case study.;naturalistic observation.;Score: 2;17);Mrs. Lewis participated in a study in which she was given no;treatment for her condition. Mrs. Lewis was in the ________ group.;hazard;observed;control;experimental;18);Dr. Jonas wanted to determine what would happen if rats were;given food every time they completed a maze. He believed they would learn to;complete the maze faster. This belief is called;an explanation.;control.;a description.;a prediction.;19);Mrs. O'Connor participated in a study in which she was told;she would try out a new allergy medicine. She was in the group that received a;sugar pill, but she believed that the pill did indeed help control her allergy;symptoms. This phenomenon is known as;the experimenter effect.;the mind-over-matter effect.;the placebo effect.;a successful experiment.;20);A drug company is determining the effects of a treatment for;depression. Neither the researcher nor the participants know who is getting the;treatment and who is given a sugar pill. This type of study is;single-blind.;double-blind.;quasi-experimental.;an institutional review.;21);Researchers who allow their expectations about what they;will see to affect the results of their observation studies are suffering from;participation observation.;the observer effect.;observer bias.;controlled observation.;22);Researchers use ________ for reducing bias and error in the;measurement of data.;the descriptive methods;naturalistic observation;case studies;the scientific method;23);Experimenters control the effects of extraneous or;confounding variables upon members of experimental and control groups by using;placebos.;random assignment.;double-blind studies.;independent observers.;24);Correlation will tell researchers all of the following;EXCEPT ________ between variables.;how strong the relationship is;in what direction the relationship goes;if there is causation;if there is a relationship;Score: 2;25);If a correlation coefficient is positive;only one of the variables goes up.;the two variables have an inverse relationship.;the number is represented by the letter p.;the two variables increase in the same direction.


Paper#59539 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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