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devry PSYC110 ch 2 pretest

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Question;1);When a neuron is at rest, the ions inside the cell are;mostly _______ and the ions outside the cell are mostly _______.;dead, alive;small, large;positively charged, negatively charged;negatively charged, positively charged;2);When the action potential gets to the end of the axon;the cell does not return to its resting state.;the message gets transmitted to another cell.;the cell dies.;the message is received by the brain.;3);A branch of the life sciences that deals with the structure;and functioning of the nervous system is called ________.;psychology;bioscience;neuroscience;biopsychology;4);Neurons fire;stronger when there is a strong stimulus.;partially when there is a strong stimulus.;either full strength or not at all.;partially when there is a weak stimulus.;5);The sac-like structures that are found at the end of a;neuron's axon and that contain neurotransmitters are called;synaptic knobs.;dendrites.;axon terminals.;synaptic vesicles.;6);Special types of glial cells generate a protective fatty;substance called;cholesterol.;axons.;myelin.;dendrites.;7);The adrenal glands are located right on top of;the pancreas.;each kidney.;the liver.;each lung.;8);The "master gland" that controls or influences all;of the other endocrine glands is the;pineal gland.;thyroid gland.;pituitary gland.;adrenal gland.;9);Neuroplasticity is;the most advanced form of brain surgery.;the process by which neurotransmitters are taken back into;the synaptic vesicules.;the brain's ability to change both the structure and;function of many cells in response to experience and trauma.;the research and study of stem cells.;10);The ____ is a network of cells that carries information to;and from all parts of the body.;brain;nervous system;neuron;spinal cord;11);The ______ is composed of the brain and the spinal cord.;central nervous system;peripheral nervous system;autonomic nervous system;somatic nervous system;12);The spinal cord's outer section is made up of _______ and;the inner section is made up of _______.;bone, synaptic vesicles;somatic cells, dendrites;bone, axons and nerves;myelinated axons and nerves, the cell bodies of neurons;13);The job of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous;system is to;control voluntary muscles.;stabilize emotions such as happiness and sadness.;provide feelings such as empathy and sympathy.;get the body ready to deal with stress.;14);The part of the autonomic nervous system known as the;?eat-drink-and-rest? system is the;sensory pathway.;motor pathway.;parasympathetic division.;sympathetic division.;15);Dorothy has spinocerebellar degeneration, a condition that;is likely to cause her to have difficulty with;hearing and seeing.;reading and writing.;walking, speaking, and/or standing.;calculating and reasoning.;16);The part of the brain that controls life-sustaining;functions, such as heartbeat, breathing, and swallowing, is the;medulla.;cerebral cortex.;cerebellum.;hippocampus.;17);A(n) _____ is used to record the activity of the cortex just;below the skull.;computed tomography (CT) scan;magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan;positron emission tomography (PET) scan;electroencephalograph;18);A functional MRI (fMRI) and a PET scan both;provide detailed computerized interpretations of brain;dysfunctions.;produce black and white scans of the brain?s structures.;create selective injuries that allow researchers to study;brain function.;provide a way to measure the functioning and activity of the;brain.;19);If the pancreas secretes too much insulin, it results in a;condition known as;hypoglycemia.;premature baldness.;diabetes.;dyspepsia.;Score: 1;20);When people are walking, raising their hands in class, or;smelling a flower, they are using the;somatic nervous system.;central nervous system.;skeletal nervous system.;autonomic nervous system.;21);Which sense is the only one that is NOT processed through;the thalamus?;touch;hearing;smell;taste;22);According to the textbook, scientists are investigating the;use of stem cells to;treat cancer.;alleviate depression.;repair damaged or diseased brain tissue.;cure birth defects.;23);Which statement most accurately explains the difference in;functioning between the right hemisphere of the brain and the left hemisphere?;The right sees things upside down, whereas the left sees;them right side up.;The right processes information from the right side of the;body, whereas the left processes information from the left side.;The right processes information all at once, whereas the;left breaks things down into parts.;The right specializes in logical thought processes.;24);A work-related accident left Bob with a paralyzed left arm;and an inability to recognize the left side of his visual field. Bob's;condition is called;spinocerebellar degeneration.;Wernicke's aphasia.;Broca's aphasia.;spatial neglect.;25);The venom of a black widow spider is an example of a(n);which mimics or enhances the effects of neurotransmitters.;beta blocker;antagonist;agonist;endorphin

 

Paper#59541 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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