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devry psyc110 chapter 3 pretest

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Question;Chapter 03 PreTest - PreTest;1);The use of preexisting knowledge to organize individual;features into a unified whole is known as;top-down processing.;perceptual expectancy.;bottom-up processing.;precognition.;2);Which of the following is TRUE about depth perception?;It is the ability to see in two dimensions.;It is almost always present in people who were blind from;birth and later had their sight restored.;It helps one to judge how far away objects are.;It does not develop until the toddler years.;3);In Gestalt theories, the principle of closure refers to the;tendency to;perceive events happening close together as related.;perceive objects as existing on a background.;perceive similar objects as belonging together.;complete incomplete figures.;4);refers to a rapid series of still pictures that seem;to be in motion.;The autokinetic effect;The apparent distance hypothesis;Stroboscopic motion;The phi phenomenon;5);Research suggests that perception may be influenced by all;of the following EXCEPT;different expectancies.;misinterpretation of perceptual cues.;if someone is right-brained versus left-brained.;culture.;6);Which of the following is TRUE about pictorial depth cues?;They require visual cues from only one eye.;They require visual cues from both eyes.;Usually they are not needed for perceiving depth in the;world.;They are often referred to as binocular cues.;7);People who have difficulty with their hearing are said to be;either totally or partially;pitch challenged.;mute.;hearing impaired.;tone deaf.;8);Nerve hearing impairment can be helped with the use of;ordinary hearing aids.;cochlear implants.;auditory implants.;electrode surgery.;9);Which mammals have the ability to hear up to 200,000 Hz?;dolphins;humans;cats;dogs;10);A highly saturated red color would contain;wavelengths.;only blue;more red than blue;a mixture of different;only red;11);Rods are visual sensory receptors responsible for;focusing images on the retina.;visual accommodation.;color vision.;noncolor sensitivity to low light.;12);Where is the retina located?;in the brain;at the back of the eye;at the front of the eye;in the aqueous humor;13);What are the three primary colors of light?;red, blue, green;red, yellow, blue;yellow, green, blue;red, yellow, green;14);Which of the following is TRUE about color blindness?;The most common type is called monochrome color blindness.;It is more prevalent among females than males.;It is caused by defective cones in the iris of the eye.;When it involves one set of cones, it is an inherited;recessive trait.;15);The three aspects to the perception of light are brightness;color, and;refraction.;reflection.;sharpness.;saturation.;16);The ________ is the lowest level of stimulation that a;person can consciously detect 50 percent of the time the stimulation is;present.;just noticeable difference;absolute threshold;difference threshold;minimal sensory threshold;17);The term ______ refers to stimuli that are below the level;of conscious awareness.;subliminal stimuli;sensory receptor;just noticeable difference;absolute threshold, p. 94;18);The tendency of the brain to stop attending to constant, unchanging;information is known as;event-related adaptation.;habituation.;sensory overload.;sensory adaptation.;19);In 1996, Lindemann proposed a fifth primary receptor that;detects which type of taste?;brothy;earthy;vinegary;peppery;20);What is the common name for the taste receptor cells?;papillae;super tasters;gustations;taste buds;21);Which of the following statements best explains how the;sense of taste works?;Olfactory bulbs absorb molecules of taste and then send;signals to the brain.;Molecules of taste are absorbed through receptors on the;roof of the mouth and transmitted to the stomach.;Molecules of taste are absorbed into the saliva and;circulated throughout the blood until they reach the brain.;Molecules of food fit into receptors on taste buds, and;neural signals are fired to the brain.;22);Terry stepped on a nail while walking around barefoot in her;yard one week ago. The spot where the skin was punctured still hurts, reminding;her to take it easy on her foot. The soreness Terry is experiencing is known as;pain.;pressure;somatic;gate-control;visceral;23);According to gate-control theory;a structure in the spinal cord is closed when pain signals;enter the spinal cord.;when the spinal gates open farther, there is a greater;experience of pain.;pain signals must pass through a "gate" located in;the brain.;the activity of the spinal gate can be opened by nonpain;signals.;24);Motion sickness can be explained by;environmental discord.;an imbalance in the kinesthetic senses.;conflict between visual input and other sensory input.;a type of allergic reaction.;25);can inhibit the transmission of pain signals in the;brain.;Endorphins;Synesthesia;Substance P;Kinesthesia

 

Paper#59548 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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