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devry psyc110 chapter 4 pretest




Question;Chapter 04 PreTest - PreTest;1);Delta waves are predominant in which stage of sleep?;N2 (R&K Stage 2);N1 (R&K Stage 1);N3 (R&K Stages 3 and 4);REM;2);Natural cycles of activity that bodies must go through are;called;microsleeps.;biological rhythms.;hypnotic states.;states of consciousness.;3);A person with sleep apnea;falls asleep without warning.;gets up and walks around while still sleeping.;experiences a state of panic.;stops breathing for 10 seconds or more.;4);Which of the following parts of the body controls the;sleep-wake cycle?;hypothalamus;pituitary gland;thyroid gland;prefrontal cortex;Score: 1;5);Which of the following is TRUE about night terrors?;They are a common disorder.;They are a state of panic experienced while asleep.;They happen during a light stage of sleep.;They occur fairly equally in children and adults.;6);Mariam takes 20 minutes daily to sit by herself and;meditate. A fully meditative state is a form of;convergent thinking.;altered consciousness.;waking consciousness.;non-REM sleep.;7);Calvin Hall concluded that;most dreams reflect the events that occur in everyday life.;there are no gender differences when it comes to dreams.;everyone dreams in black and white.;dreams prove that people have wild imaginations.;8);In the ____________, dreams are less realistic because they;come not from the outside world of reality but from within people?s memories;and experiences.;activation-synthesis hypothesis;adaptive theory;restorative theory;latent content theory;9);The ________ of a dream is the actual dream itself.;conflict;latent content;repression;manifest content;10);Withdrawal is a sign of;tolerance to a drug.;drunkenness.;physical dependence on a drug.;psychological dependence on a drug.;11);Methamphetamine is an example of a;depressant.;stimulant.;hallucinogen.;narcotic.;12);Opium and its derivatives, morphine and heroin, duplicate;the action of which of the following?;cortisol;endorphins;melatonin;serotonin;13);Which of the following kills the most people in the United;States every year?;heroin overdose;homicide;alcohol-related car accidents;illnesses related to smoking;14);Which of the following is NOT true about psychoactive drugs?;They alter thinking, perception, memory, or some combination;of these abilities.;Some can cause users to develop a drug tolerance.;All of them produce physical dependence in users.;Many were originally developed to help people.;15);Even in mild doses, marijuana negatively affects;mood.;appetite.;reaction time.;the ability to sleep.;16);Barbiturates are known as;gateway drugs.;the major tranquilizers.;the minor tranquilizers.;hallucinogens.;17);Nightmares are more common in children than in adults;because _____.;children have more vivid imaginations than adults;growth hormones are released from the pituitary during;non-REM sleep;children spend more of their sleep in the REM state;children suffer from lost sleep more often than adults;18);Theodora suffers from an inability to get to sleep and to;stay asleep. Which of the following would help Theodora with her insomnia?;watching the clock so she knows how much sleep she is;actually getting;spending some time in bed relaxing, reading or watching TV;until she gets sleepy;going to bed and getting up on a regular schedule;trying various sleeping pills until she finds one that;doesn't cause REM rebound;Score: 1;Answers: going;to bed and getting up on a regular schedule;Feedback: Correct.;Sleep, p. 148;19);Niles has begun to fall asleep suddenly during the day;sometimes in inappropriate places. Niles is most likely suffering from;narcolepsy.;not enough melatonin.;sleep apnea.;insomnia.;20);On Sara's walk to campus one morning, she was thinking about;what a nice day it was, how many people were already on campus, and how she had;to stop by the bookstore on her way to class. Sara was experiencing;a meditative state.;insight.;an altered state of consciousness.;waking consciousness.;21);Debbie?s psychoanalyst tells her that the monster in her;dream symbolizes her abusive father. He is discussing the dream?s;spiritual context.;latent content.;manifest content.;actual content.;22);Derek was lying on the couch and had fallen asleep when all;of a sudden his body jerked, and he woke up because he felt like he was;falling. Derek was most likely in which stage of sleep?;N1 (R&K Stage 1);REM;N2 (R&K Stage 2);N3 (R&K Stages 3 and 4);23);Hypnosis is unable to do which of the following?;help people relax in situations that would normally cause;them stress;relieve pain;give people superhuman strength;create amnesia for whatever happens during the session;24);The key to hypnosis seems to be;avoiding subjects who are active and alert.;using more practical subjects, as opposed to daydreamers.;a gullible subject.;a heightened state of suggestibility.;25);In Hilgard?s theory, the _______ remains aware of what is;going on during hypnosis.;brain stem;?hidden observer? part of the mind;conscious mind;?hypnotized? part of the mind


Paper#59550 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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