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PSY110 ch 5 postest




Question;1);is learning new behavior by watching a model perform;that behavior.;Partial reinforcement effect;Vicarious conditioning;Observational learning;Learning/performance distinction;2);Which of the following is one of Bandura?s elements of;observational learning?;memory;perception;flattery;mastery;3);The learning/performance distinction is a kind of;classical conditioning.;latent learning.;instinct.;operant conditioning.;4);A teacher has decided to give ?caught being good? tickets to;her students when they behave according to class rules. This teacher also;rewards students with gold stars each time they improve their math speed. This;teacher is using;operant conditioning.;classical conditioning.;punishment and classical conditioning.;observational learning.;5);Carla was bitten by a dog when she was a toddler. She's;older now, but still backs up in fear whenever a dog approaches her. This is an;example of;biological preparedness.;stimulus substitution.;conditioned emotional response.;vicarious conditioning.;6);Sammy and his friends are watching animated fight scenes on;television. Based on Bandura's findings in the Bobo doll experiment, it seems;likely that later, at play, Sammy and his friends will;be slightly less aggressive.;imitate the dialogue between the characters.;be much less aggressive.;imitate many of the violent actions they witnessed on TV.;7);Whenever Vernon comes home too late on a Saturday night, his;parents refuse to give him his weekly allowance. Vernon's parents are using;what technique to modify his behavior?;punishment by removal;punishment by application;negative reinforcement;secondary reinforcement;8);Further studies that followed K?hler?s work with;chimpanzees;have shown that chimpanzees are the only animals that have;insight.;have found support for the concept of animal insight.;have shown definitively that animals have insight.;have found no support for the concept of animal insight.;9);In K?hler's experiment, Sultan the chimp first used just one;stick that was lying in his cage to rake the banana into the cage, and then he;learned to fit two sticks together to reach a banana placed farther away. This;was an example of;trial-and-error learning.;insight.;classical conditioning.;latent learning.;10);In his study of rats in mazes, Tolman concluded that the;rats in the group that did not receive reinforcement for solving the maze had;learned the maze by wandering around in it and forming a;cognitive map.;more interest in the reinforcement than did the other;groups.;learned to expect reinforcement every tenth day.;been more motivated by the variable interval schedule of;reinforcement.;11);In defining learning, ?_____? refers to the fact that when;people learn anything, a part of their brain is physically changed to record;what they have learned, and that change remains even if the behavior does not.;experience;relatively permanent;behavior;reaction;12);One of B. F. Skinner's famous experiments involved;teaching dogs to salivate at the sound of a bell.;teaching rats to learn how to obtain food.;teaching babies to avoid loud noises.;teaching coyotes to ignore sheep.;13);A recent study suggests a link between spanking and;aggression in children.;submissiveness in children.;children?s concentration.;intelligence.;14);It is believed that animals revert eventually to instinctual;behaviors when the new tasks they are learning have a strong association with;other animals.;extinct behaviors.;caring for their young.;obtaining food.;15);The law of effect states if an action is followed by a;pleasurable consequence, the action is likely to;reduce pain.;be remembered.;become a cognitive expectation.;be repeated.;16);Birds, who find their food by sight, will avoid any object;or insect that simply looks like the one that made them sick. This is a result;of;reflex.;operant conditioning.;biological preparedness.;maturation.;17);This scientist conducted research to establish the theory;known as cognitive perspective.;John B. Watson;Robert Rescorla;Edward Thorndike;Ivan Pavlov;18);The cognitive perspective of classical conditioning;involves;biological preparedness.;the mental activity of consciously expecting something else;to occur.;the ability of animals to learn new information.;the mental activity of analyzing another's behavior and;making a choice to copy that behavior.;19);believed that classical conditioning occurred because;the CS became a substitute for the UCS when paired closely together in time.;Rescorla;Watson;Pavlov;Skinner;20);is the disappearance or weakening of a learned;response following the removal or absence of the unconditioned stimulus (in;classical conditioning) or the removal of a reinforcer (in operant;conditioning).;Stimulus generalization;Stimulus discrimination;Spontaneous recovery;Extinction


Paper#59555 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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