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psy110 ch 7 pretest




Question;1);When the solution to a problem suddenly comes to mind, it is;called;consciousness.;means-end analysis.;intelligence.;insight.;2);A more creative method of problem-solving is the use of;divergent thinking.;emotional intelligence.;convergent thinking.;mental sets.;3);Creative intelligence is related to;convergent thinking.;?street smarts.?;divergent thinking.;emotional intelligence.;4);Heuristics could also be called;mental sets.;trial and error.;?rule of thumb.?;IQ.;\;5);One barrier to innovative problem solving is persisting in;using techniques that have been successful in the past, also known as;mental set.;confirmation bias.;convergent thinking.;mind set.;6);If an instructor was referring to a stream during a lecture;a student's mental image is likely to be;an image of the instructor.;a picture-like image.;a surreal and hazy picture.;a dictionary-like entry.;7);A mechanical problem-solving technique is also referred to;as;trial and error.;heuristic devices.;algorithmic.;means?end analysis.;8);is the ability to learn from one?s experiences;acquire knowledge, and use resources effectively for solving problems.;Intelligence;Linguistics;Creativity;Divergent thinking;9);If a test does not measure what it?s supposed to measure;then it lacks;cultural bias.;validity.;standardization.;reliability.;10);A person with an IQ over 145 may be best categorized as;average.;gifted.;developmentally delayed.;a genius.;11);Gardner believes that reason, logic, and knowledge are;different aspects of intelligence.;best measured by the Stanford-Binet IQ test.;the same ability.;not important in measuring intelligence.;12);Wechsler?s four index scales are verbal comprehension;perceptual reasoning, working memory, and;visual-spatial processing.;processing speed.;practical reasoning.;quantitative processing.;13);IQ is assumed to be normally distributed with a mean IQ of;100 and a typical standard deviation of about;20.;30.;15.;10.;14);often work with individuals who have traumatic;brain injury.;Clinical psychologists;Clinical neuropsychologists;Psychiatrists;Psychoanalysts;15);The cognitive universalism theory states that;concepts are universal and influence the development of;language.;all languages have the same pragmatics.;all languages are similar in certain universal ways.;thought processes and concepts are controlled by language.;16);The debate over whether animals use real language centers;around;the debate of sign language versus spoken language.;the fact that scientists have proven animals capable of sign;language only.;the fact that none of the animals have achieved language;development comparable to a 3-year-old human.;studies showing that animals make instinctual sounds only.;17);Kanzi, the chimpanzee, communicates with researchers by;using;music notes on a keyboard.;some sign language and many sounds.;abstract symbols on a keyboard and making some sounds.;symbols on a keyboard and sign language.;18);Piaget theorized that _____ preceded and aided the;development of ______.;language, concepts;concepts, language;language, social relationships;attachment, language;19);The rhythm and emphasis of communicating is part of which;language structure?;grammar;pragmatics;syntax;phonemes;20);Vygotsky believed that;concepts preceded and aided the development of language.;learning concepts first helped students have better;vocabularies.;private speech" was a sign of a mood disorder.;language could help a child learn to control social;behavior.;21);Five-year old Jordan is seeing a speech therapist in his;preschool once a week because he has difficulty saying the ?r? sound in his own;name. When he says his name, people think it sounds like ?jaw-dun.? From a;language perspective, Jordan is having difficulty with a specific _______.;morpheme;phoneme;pragmatic;syntax;22);is the ability to adapt and deal with new problems;or challenges the first time you encounter them.;Practical intelligence;Analytical intelligence;Fluid intelligence;Emotional intelligence;23);Shelly took the Stanford-Binet test at age 10 and scored a;mental age of 13. Using Stern?s formula, her IQ is;100;130;13;30;24);Which of the following images is the best example of a;prototype for a fruit?;apple;beet;smoothie;tomato;25);In the brain, creating a mental image is _______ seeing an;actual image.;like a photo negative of;almost the opposite of;the exact same process as;similar to


Paper#59557 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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