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psy110 ch 6 posttest




Question;1);What is the best way for a person to overcome the;tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon?;Stop trying to remember the information you are trying to;retrieve.;Think about the length of the word or concept.;Think about words that may sound like the word you are;trying to retrieve.;Name the letters that start or end the word.;2);Elizabeth Loftus' research determined that;eyewitness testimony is generally accurate and reliable.;flashbulb memories are rarely an accurate memory of the;actual event.;what people see and hear about an event after the fact can;easily affect the accuracy of their memories of that event.;people tend to forget memories that are painful.;3);Which of the following best describes psychologist John;Kihlstrom's comments when talking about Bartlett's book on memory?;Memory is more like making up a story than it is like;reading a book.;Memory is more like reading a book than it is like making up;a story.;Memory is more like a movie than it is like taking a;photograph.;Memory is more like reading a book than it is like going to;a movie.;4);A research study found that people who look at real visual;images and then are asked to simply imagine looking at visual images;are often unable later to distinguish between the images;they had really seen and the imagined images.;often remember only some of the images.;are typically able later to distinguish between the images;they had really seen and the imagined images.;are often unable to remember any of the images.;5);Explicit memory begins to form after about age;two________________________.;when events become important enough to be stored in memory;corresponding to the development of the frontal lobe;when children see their memories as though they were in a;movie;when the hippocampus is more fully developed;6);When a memory is being formed, several changes take place in;the brain in a process called;deep processing.;encoding specificity.;automatic encoding.;consolidation.;7);Early memories before the age of two years tend to be;implicit, which may explain;anterograde amnesia.;retrograde amnesia.;infantile amnesia.;decay.;8);Ebbinghaus's ________ shows that forgetting happens quickly;within the first hour, and then tapers off gradually.;curve of forgetting;distributed practice theory;encoding failure theory;interference theory;9);A(n) ________ is a memory expert or someone with exceptional;memory ability.;phlebotomist;mnemonist;amnesic;memorist;10);In real life, information that has just entered iconic;memory will be pushed out very quickly by new information. Research suggests;that after ________, old information is replaced by new information.;a quarter of a second;a half of a second;one second;a millisecond;11);In the information-processing model, the first stage of;memory is ______ memory.;long-term;iconic;sensory;short-term;12);According to Craik and Lockhart, information that is;will be remembered more effectively and for a longer period of time.;deeply processed;processed according to the sound of the physical;characteristics of the words;repeated many times;read;13);One may transfer information from short-term memory (STM);into long-term memory (LTM) by;elaborative rehearsal.;paying attention.;rote learning.;chunking.;14);The most efficient way of transferring short-term memory;into long-term memory is by using;maintenance rehearsal.;elaborative rehearsal.;rote learning.;chunking.;15);If you move from the United States to England and have;trouble adjusting to driving on the left side of the road, you are;experiencing;memory trace decay.;encoding failure.;proactive interference.;retroactive interference.;16);Donyelle finds that she performs better on the exams that;are given in her regular psychology classroom than in the large lecture room;that is used to give midterms and finals to several sections at once.;Donyelle?s experience illustrates;the role of the primacy effect.;the importance of maintenance rehearsal in memory.;the role of the recency effect.;the importance of retrieval cues in memory.;17);Marcos and his friends enjoy watching football together on;Sundays. After some of the games are over, Marcos tells his friends that he;knew all along who would win the game. Marcos? belief that he could predict the;outcome of some of the games without having been told the winners in advance is;an example of;hindsight bias.;the misinformation effect.;the primacy effect.;encoding specificity.;18);As opposed to _______ memories, ________ memories are easily;made conscious.;semantic, autobiographical;implicit, explicit;explicit, implicit;episodic, semantic;19);Psychologists consider memory to be;an active system.;only possible with effort.;a passive storage bank of experiences.;limited to encoding sensory information.;20);The idea that memory formation is a simultaneous process is;reflected in the;parallel distributed processing model.;levels-of-processing model.;iconic memory model.;information-processing model.


Paper#59577 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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