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Question;Chromosomes consist of large;double-stranded molecules of;deoxyribonucleic acid.;ribonucleic acid.;autosomal genes.;recombination genes.;Which of the following is NOT one of;the many ways that genes can affect behavior?;Genes may affect neurotransmitter;levels or receptors.;Genes can act indirectly by making it;more likely you will be raised in a particular environment.;Genes themselves cause behavior;without any influence of the environment.;Genes produce proteins that may make;it more likely for a person to become addicted.;Nerves from the central nervous system;convey information to the muscles and glands by way of the;autonomic nervous system.;somatic nervous system.;sympathetic nervous system.;parasympathetic nervous system.;When researchers try to estimate the heritability of a;human behavior, what are the main kinds of individuals they consider?;Twins and adopted children;People from non-western cultures;Newborns and infants;Uneducated people living in educated;societies;The sweat glands, adrenal glands, and;muscles that constrict blood vessels have input from only the ____ nervous;system.;sympathetic;parasympathetic;central;dorsal root;The temporal lobe of the cerebral;cortex is the primary target for which kind of sensory information?;somatosensory, including touch;the simplest aspects of vision;gustatory;auditory;Suppose a virus damaged only the;dorsal roots of the spinal cord, but not the ventral roots. What would;happen to the sensory and motor abilities of the affected area?;Loss of sensation, but preserved;motor control;Loss of both sensation and motor;control;Loss of motor control, but preserved;sensation;Unaffected sensation and motor;control;Units of heredity that maintain their;structural identity from one generation to another are;enzymes.;mutations.;nucleic acids.;genes.;Color vision deficiency is more common;in males than in females because it is controlled by a;sex-limited gene.;Y-linked gene.;dominant X-linked gene.;recessive X-linked gene.;The central nervous system is composed;of;the brain and spinal cord.;all the nerves outside the brain and;spinal cord.;the sympathetic and parasympathetic;nervous systems.;the somatic and autonomic nervous;systems.;Almost all humans have 23 pairs of;which of the following?;RNA;Chromosomes;Genes;Corduroys;In one family, all three children are;homozygous for a recessive gene. What can be concluded about the parents?;Each parent is also homozygous for;the recessive gene.;Each parent is heterozygous.;One parent is homozygous for the;dominant gene, the other is homozygous for the recessive gene.;Each parent is either homozygous for;the recessive gene or heterozygous.;If the spinal cord is cut at a given;segment, the brain loses sensation at;that segment only.;that segment and all segments above;it.;that segment and all segments below;it.;all other segments.;Changes in single genes are called;alterations.;mutations.;mendelians.;enzymes.;Cortical blindness may result from the;destruction of;any part of the cortex.;the occipital cortex.;the parietal cortex.;the central sulcus.;Damage to the ____ often causes people;to lose their social inhibitions and to ignore the rules of polite;conduct.;corpus callosum;cerebellum;prefrontal cortex;striate cortex;If a trait has high heritability;hereditary differences account for;none of the observed variations in that characteristic within that;population.;the environment cannot influence that;trait.;it is still possible for the;environment to influence that trait.;the trait is not influenced by;heredity.;If a person has difficulty determining;which of two rhythms is faster, it is likely that she suffered damage to;the;cerebellum.;forebrain.;tectum.;medulla.;Recessive genes manifest their effects;only when the individual is ____ for them.;sex limited;homo sapien;homozygous;heterozygous;An impairment of eating, drinking;temperature regulation, or sexual behavior suggests possible damage to;which brain structure?;Midbrain;Hippocampus;Hypothalamus;Cerebellum;Researchers have found specific genes linked to;certain specific behaviors.;True b.;False;The;parasympathetic nervous system activates the "fight or flight;response.;True b. False;A strand;of DNA serves as a template (model) for the synthesis of RNA molecules.;True b. False;A tract;in the spinal cord would most likely be found in the white matter.;True b. False;The;limbic system is important for motivation and emotional behaviors.;True b. False;What are;the four lobes of the brain? What is each lobe responsible for?;What;makes a behavior hereditary? What factors influence the heritability of;behaviors?


Paper#59607 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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