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Devry PSYC110 midterm exam

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Question;Question 1.1. (TCOs 1, 2) Participants in research early in;psychology?s history might have been asked to view a chair and describe its;color, shape, texture, and other aspects of their conscious experience. These;individuals would have been using a method called (Points: 2);hypnosis.;objective introspection.;psychosurgery.;psychoanalysis.;Question 2.2. (TCO 4) The administration of Midwest State;University wants to know if the arrangement of chairs affects student;participation in classrooms. What would be a good operational definition of the;dependent variable in an experiment designed to measure this relationship?;(Points: 2);Class size;under 50 or over 50;Number of;students enrolled in each class;Chair;arrangement: theater style or circular;Frequency with which students;ask questions;Question 3.3. (TCOs 2, 3) Phineas Gage tragically had a;tamping iron propelled through his head. Both left and right sides of the;prefrontal cortex were severely damaged. As a result of the accident, Phineas;Gage (Points: 2);died from his;injuries.;suffered loss of;his arms and legs.;lost his sense;of hearing.;suffered a change in;personality.;Question 4.4. (TCOs 2, 3);What do we call the state of a neuron when it is not firing a neural;impulse? (Points: 2);Action;potential;Resting potential;Myelination;signal;Transmission;impulse;Question 5.5. (TCOs 2, 3);synapses make it more likely that a neuron will send its message;to other neurons, whereas _____ synapses make it less likely that a neuron will;send its message. (Points: 2);Excitatory, inhibitory;Inhibitory;excitatory;Augmentation;depletion;Depletion;augmentation;Question 6.6. (TCO 4) Jamie, a toddler, is making;distinctions about various aspects of color in terms of whether it looks red;blue, and so forth. In doing so, she is referring to its (Points: 2);amplitude.;lightness.;hue.;reflection.;Question 7.7. (TCO 4);What are the five primary tastes? (Points: 2);Hot, sour;spicy, sweet, origami;Salty, sour, spicy, sweet, tart;Bitter, salty;sour, sweet, umami;Peppery, salty;sour, sweet, acidic;Question 8.8. (TCO 4) Perception is the (Points: 2);process by which people take all;the sensations they experience at any given moment and interpret them in some;meaningful fashion.;action of;physical stimuli on receptors leading to sensations.;interpretation of memory based on selective;attention.;act of;selective attention from sensory storage.;Question 9.9. (TCO 5) Sid is taking part in research on the;effects of sleep deprivation, he has been without sleep for 75 hours. Right;now, researchers have asked him to sit in front of a computer screen and hit a;button each time he sees the letter S on the screen. A few days ago, Sid was a;whiz at this task, however, he is doing very poorly today. How are sleep;researchers likely to explain Sid?s poor performance? (Points: 2);Due to the;sleep deprivation, Sid does not understand the task.;Microsleeps are occurring due to;the sleep deprivation and he is asleep for brief periods of time.;He is;determined to ruin the research because of the suffering he is enduring at the;hands of the researchers.;He is probably;dreaming that he is somewhere else and has no interest in responding to the;?here and now.?;Question 10.10. (TCO 5) After taking a drug for several;years, Bruce decides to quit taking it. He begins to experience a variety of;physical symptoms, psychological symptoms such as irritability, and a strong;craving for the substance. What term is used to describe what Bruce is;experiencing? (Points: 2);Tolerance;Physical;dependence;Withdrawal;Drug;intoxication;Question 11.11. (TCO 5) A client tells his therapist about a;dream in which he drives his wife to the airport where she boards a plane. As;the plane takes off, he is smiling. The therapist says the dream suggests a;desire for a divorce. The therapist?s interpretation represents what Sigmund;Freud called the dream?s ________. (Points: 2);deep content;latent content;manifest;content;subliminal;content;Question 12.12. (TCOs 7, 8);Sue noticed that whenever she opened the door to the pantry, her dog;would come into the kitchen and act hungry by drooling and whining. She thought;that because the dog food was stored in the pantry, the sound of the door had;become a(n) (Points: 2);unconditioned;stimulus.;conditioned stimulus.;unconditioned;response.;conditioned;response.;Question 13.13. (TCOs 7, 8);Mark and Kathy take their 2-year-old son to the supermarket every;Saturday. Each week, the same sequence of events unfolds: Their son screams;demanding that they buy him treats. Although they refuse to give in to his;demands, he continues to scream. Finally, either Mark or Kathy gets in their;son?s face and yells at the top of their lungs ?Shut up!? He stops screaming;instantly. What operant conditioning concepts are illustrated in this story?;(Points: 2);The parents are;using negative reinforcement to increase their son?s screaming.;The parents are;in a very dysfunctional marriage, their child?s screaming is his way of trying;to get his parents to remain married.;The parents are using punishment;to suppress the screaming, their use of punishment is negatively reinforced by;the cessation of screaming.;Their son;probably learned how to scream by observing his parents at home and now he is;reinforced on a variable-interval schedule of reinforcement.;Page 2;Question 1.1. (TCOs 7, 8) For observational learning to;occur, each of the following must happen EXCEPT (Points: 2);paying;attention to what the model does.;remembering;what the model did.;doing what the;model did.;being reinforced for imitating;the model.;Question 2.2. (TCO 7) A display of 12 letters is flashed on;a screen in front of you followed by a tone. You attempt to recall a portion of;the display based on the specific tone you heard. What aspect of your memory is;this experiment designed to assess? (Points: 2);Primary memory;Sensory memory;Long-term;memory;Short-term;memory;Question 3.3. (TCO 7) Adrianna is trying to memorize the;names of the bones in the hand. She had gone through a list of them when her;phone rang. After she gets off the phone, she is MOST likely to remember the;first few bone names because of the (Points: 2);elaboration;effect.;recency effect.;primacy effect.;maintenance;effect.;Question 4.4. (TCO 7);Which of the following pairings would result in the best overall memory?;(Points: 2);Sad during;learning and happy at recall;Happy during;learning and sad during recall;Serious during learning and;serious during recall;Intoxicated;during learning and sober during recall;Question 5.5. (TCO 8);Sally is enrolled in a high school geometry course, which she describes;as ?drawing figures and figuring drawings.? In a typical class, students draw;geometric figures and use a formula to calculate an aspect of the figure, such;as its area. Each time Sally uses a formula, she is making use of what;psychologists call (Points: 2);heuristics.;logarithms.;algorithms.;convergence.;Question 6.6. (TCO 8);Which of the following statements about gifted people is true? (Points;2);They are more;likely to suffer from mental illnesses.;They are;physically weaker than nongifted persons.;They are often skilled leaders.;They are socially;unskilled.;Question 7.7. (TCO 9);Monica put all her time and energy into getting into the acting club;because her main goal in life ?was to be a famous star!? Monica?s drive to be;famous was a(n) _____ drive. (Points: 2);primary;reflexive;acquired;tertiary;Question 8.8. (TCO 9);Glenn believes he can learn from his mistakes and that study and;perseverance will help him improve his intelligence. According to Dweck, what;locus of control does Glenn have? (Points: 2);Internal locus of control;Decremental;Incidental;External locus;of control;Question 9.9. (TCO 9);You are walking in the forest and see a bear. According to the;Cannon-Bard theory, what happens next? (Points: 2);You experience;physiological changes followed by fear.;You feel fear;followed by physiological changes.;You experience physiological;changes and a feeling of fear simultaneously.;You experience;physiological changes and context appraisal followed by fear.;Question 10.10. (TCO 11);Carolyn took home some printer paper from the office. Later, she felt;guilty for stealing it, so she brought some paper to work to replace what she;took. Freud would suggest that Carolyn?s _____ was influencing her motives and;behavior. (Points: 2);id;unconscious;mind;ego;superego;Question 11.11. (TCO 11);Ruth-Ann just graduated from high school, she is trying out for the;soccer team at the college that she will attend in the fall. She knows that it;will be more competitive than her high school team, but she believes in her;ability to succeed and plans to practice all summer. Bandura would say that;Ruth might have an edge over some competitors simply because she has (Points;2);high self-efficacy.;self-actualization.;set aside the;time to practice.;an external;locus of control.;Question 12.12. (TCO 11);Travis is a participant in the X-Games every year, which features events;that are high-flying and exhilarating to watch or participate in, but also very;dangerous to the competitors. Because Travis is willing to take chances with;his health to get the adrenaline rush from these sorts of events, Cost and;McCrae would argue that he ranks high on which of the five factors? (Points;2);Openness;Neuroticism;Conscientiousness;Extraversion;Page 3;Question 1. 1. (TCOs;2, 3, 4) Describe how sound waves become;nerve impulses as they enter the ear. How are the important characteristics of;sound coded? (Points: 10);Question 2. 2. (TCOs;5, 7) What are the main differences between physical dependence and;psychological dependence? Give examples of both types of dependence. (Points;10);Question 3. 3. (TCOs;7, 8) What is the definition of language? What is the evidence, pro and con, as;to whether nonhuman animals have a capacity for language? (Points: 10);Question 4. 4. (TCOs;9, 11) Take three theories of emotion and apply them to one emotional event in;your life. Be specific about the event and make clear connections to the;theoretical assumptions. (Points: 10);Question 5. 5. (TCOs;7, 8) Define learning. Given this definition, what types of behaviors would not;be considered learning? How does the concept of instinctive drift relate to;these examples? What types of behaviors would be included? (Points: 10)

 

Paper#59628 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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