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Psychology Final 10 questions. Multiple Choice

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Question;Psychology Final. Attach is the word document. Its 10 questions. It is multiple choice.1. Which of the following;is one of the greatest strengths of the social cognitive perspective of;personality?;It;recognizes that the five stages of psychosexual development can, in fact, be;progressed through without fixation, struggle, or strife.;It;suggests that the genetic limitations with which we are born can be overcome.;It;offers hope to each human being that self-actualization is a reasonable and;attainable goal.;It offers strategies for a;person to improve his or her own life, as it recognizes the importance of the;individual in the construction of his or her own reality.;2. Based on your;knowledge of the theories of Lawrence Kohlberg, which part of the brain would;help with the reasoning of something like the Heinz Dilemma?;The;prefrontal cortex;The transcranial pathway;The;visual cortex;The;rapid subcortical pathway;3. One way that;therapists assist clients suffering from a phobia is through a technique;called systematic desensitization. The person is gradually exposed to the;trigger of their fear until they learn to respond with relaxation instead of;panic and dread. This uses the principle of __________, which suggests that;repeated exposure to a stimulus leads to familiarity and comfort.;relaxation;habituation;diminution;minimization;4.;Which stage of sleep is characterized by an increase in delta;wave activity in the brain?;REM;sleep;Stage;1;Stage;2;Stage;3;5. One of the earliest;theories of multiple types of intelligence was that of Raymond Cattell, who;suggested that intelligence can be divided up into two types;intrapersonal;and interpersonal.;emotional;and intellectual.;practical;and creative.;fluid;and crystallized.;6. Why is it so;important that people living with HIV or AIDS find ways of reducing the;stress in their lives?;Because;the illness compromises the immune system, and having too much stress will;further limit the body?s ability to fight the illness.;Because;HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, cannot live without a ready supply of;adrenaline and noradrenaline to feed on. These are the neurotransmitters;that are released by people who have too much stress in their lives.;Because;the medications used to treat these illness cannot be effective in individuals;who have high stress due to the negative interaction of the drugs and;cortisol, the stress hormone.;Because;the treatment of these illnesses requires a strict regimen of medication;compliance, and research has shown that those who live with high amounts of;stress are more forgetful and therefore more likely to miss a dose of their;crucial, life-saving medication.;7. Psychologist Stewart;Page had an associate who called 180 people who had advertised __________, but;when they found out that the person calling was ?about to be released from a;mental health facility,? they were suddenly quick to become distant. This study;demonstrated the pervasiveness of stigma attached to mental illness in the;1970s.;job;openings;rooms;for rent;a;need for a babysitter;a;desire to purchase a vehicle;8. In 2005 the United;States Supreme Court outlawed the practice of using capital punishment (the;death penalty) for juvenile offenders. What was the basis of this ruling?;The;recognition that using the death penalty on juveniles presented a clear risk;of unnecessary pain, which would violate the constitutional prohibition on;?cruel and unusual punishment.?;The;recognition that juveniles have a biological deficiency in their ability to;use good judgment.;The;recognition that putting juveniles to death would be more of a punishment for;their families than for the juveniles themselves.;The;recognition that juveniles are psychologically incapable of being responsible;for their own actions.;9. Which of the following;facts about the James-Lange theory of emotions is true?;James;was older than Lange, which is why his name came first in the theory.;James;and Lange did not know each other, and proposed the same theory at the exact;same time.;Lange;was James?s teacher, and he agreed to let James?s name come first to forward;his career.;James;and Lange worked together for over thirty years before their theory was;finally accepted in mainstream psychology.;10.;While Alfred Binet is generally credited with creating the first;test used to measure intelligence, this is actually a bit of a mistake. The;test that he developed, in fact, measured a child?s;processing;speed.;mental;age.;mathematics;skills.;verbal;fluency.

 

Paper#59669 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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