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Directions: Please compose answers




Question;Directions;Please compose answers to the questions below. Each response to a;question or sub-question should be at least one paragraph in length;which should consist of five to seven sentences.1.;Mary is planning to get married in the near future. Imagine Mary has an;independent view of herself. What would be some reasons she would give;for getting married, and how does this reflect an independent self? Now;imagine she has an interdependent view of herself. What would be some;reasons she would give for getting married then, and how does that;reflect her interdependent self?2.;Sometimes when we become self-aware, we introspect about the reasons;for our attitudes or behaviors. What are some consequences of such;introspection?3.;There is evidence that suggests that there are cultural differences in;how people view themselves. Describe, using an example, how people from;collectivist cultures tend to view themselves and how people from;individualist cultures tend to view themselves.4.;When Linda was a child, her friends at school all earned a lot of money;if their grades were good. Linda went to her parents and asked that she;be given money for good report cards. Her parents agreed. She would;earn a nickel for every "A" and a dollar if she earned all "As." Her;friends, of course, were offered much more money for good grades. Using;the overjustification effect, explain why Linda's parents might have;offered her such meager monetary rewards for academic success.5.;Describe what a fixed versus a growth mindset is. Which mindset is more;likely to lead to subsequent success after a failure experience? Why?6.;Jessica thinks of herself as a health-conscious person. As she is;eating a steak one evening, she sees a news report that consuming red;meat increases the risk of breast cancer by over 50 percent. At this;moment, she is experiencing a large amount of cognitive dissonance.;State the three ways people can reduce dissonance and apply these;techniques to Jessica's dissonance, that is, give an example of each of;the three dissonance reduction techniques Jessica could use.7.;Imagine you are about to take a very important exam that could impact;your future. A friend asks you how disappointed you think you would be;if you found out you did not perform very well on the exam. According to;the idea of impact bias, how would your prediction likely match up with;your actual reaction?8.;Imagine you are watching a debate between two presidential candidates.;You prefer Candidate A and dislike Candidate B. Both candidates offer;strong arguments and weak arguments about Issue X. Which arguments would;you be most likely to remember? Which arguments would you be most;likely to forget? Is it likely that you would change your opinion after;having watched the debate? Why or why not?9.;Carl and Roger both had similar attitudes about cheating on a partner.;However, both were faced with similar situations where they could have;cheated on their partners. Now, Carl thinks that cheating is the worst;offense one can make in a relationship, whereas Roger thinks that most;people would cheat if they were faced with the situation. Explain what;could have occurred, both socially and psychologically, that could;produce such diverse positions from individuals who initially shared a;similar stance.10.;Engaging in self-justification strategies as a response to dissonance;is a process that can have negative consequences. Explain how;self-justification can be negative response and what one could do to;better learn from one's mistakes.


Paper#59699 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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