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GED215 Psychology of Adjustment final




Question;Text;Authors;Publisher;Psychology For Living: Adjustment, Growth, and Behavior;Today;9th Edition, 2008;ISBN: 0-13-222447-X;Karen Grover Duffy and Eastwood Atwater;Pearson/Prentice Hall;925 N. Spurgeon Street, Santa Ana, CA 92701 Phone;714-547-9625 Fax: 714-547-5777;03/09;GED215;Psychology of Adjustment;Final ExaminationFinal Examination;1;Psychology of Adjustment;Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the;enclosed answer sheet);1) The world as we know it today is characterized by;A) more collectivism in comparison to individualism;B) galloping technological changes;C) slower social change than was witnessed in previous;decades;D) a movement toward increased industrialization and fewer;service industries;2) The fear of technology is known as;A) technophobia;B) electronosis;C) decidophobia;D) computeritis;3) What is the most popular (frequent) method used by;Americans to fi nd infor-;mation?;A) radio;B) newspapers;C) Internet;D) TV;4) In today?s world, almost ________ percent of Americans;use e-mail.;A) 75;B) 50;C) 100;D) 25;5) Which is NOT a technique to help the environment?;A) recycle;B) reproduce;C) reuse;D) reduce;6) Truly autonomous people who are unafraid to make;important decisions and;who accept;responsibility for their lives and their decisions are;A) collectivistic;B) self-actualized;C) normalistic;D) decidoteric2;Final Examination;Psychology of Adjustment;7) Researchers have found high stability across a life span;for which personality;trait?;A) introversion-extroversion;B) authoritarianism;C) perfectionism;D) self-esteem;8) The highest degree of stability of personality has been;found in the domain of;A) authoritarianism;B) introversion-extroversion;C) perfectionism;D) self-esteem;9) How does personal growth usually proceed?;A) acknowledgment, dissatisfaction, reorganization;B) dissonance, neutrality, consonance;C) dissatisfaction, reorganization, acknowledgment;D) dissonance, consonance, neutrality;10) The experience of personal growth usually ends with the;stage of;A) changing our attitudes;B) reorganizing our experience;C) acknowledging change;D) feeling anxiety and discomfort;11) In which psychoanalytic stage did Freud say genuine love;develops?;A) anal;B) genital;C) latency;D) oral;12) According to Erikson, the second stage of psychosocial;development poses;the developmental;task of;A) autonomy vs. shame;B) industry vs. inferiority;C) trust vs. mistrust;D) initiative vs. guiltFinal Examination;3;Psychology of Adjustment;13) The process by which we learn by observing is called;A) reinforcement;B) punishment;C) observational learning;D) learning theory;14) ________ emphasizes the importance of learning and the;environment rather;than biological or;unconscious drives.;A) Jung?s analytical psychology;B) Bandura?s social learning theory;C) Erikson?s psychosocial theory;D) Freud?s psychodynamic theory;15) Ken argued with Audra that they should give up their;stressful jobs and move;to a small town to;start a winery. He was confi dent they would be successful.;Ken has high levels;of;A) self-effi cacy;B) personality dynamism;C) self-actualizing tendency;D) ego as well as id;16) Humanistic psychology has received national prominence;as;A) deconstructivist;B) the third force in psychology;C) emphasizing individual sameness;D) Freud?s theory;17) According to the concept of positive regard, children;automatically develop a;need for;A) behavior rewards;B) acceptance by others;C) social consciousness;D) valuing self;18) According to Maslow, self-actualizing people;A) have reached a healthier level of functioning than the;rest of us;B) are more self-centered than the average person;C) have met all their life goals;D) are exempt from anxiety as well as neurotic behavior4;Final Examination;Psychology of Adjustment;19) According to Maslow, self-actualization is;A) more common among children than adults;B) rarely achieved until young adulthood;C) a lifelong task that is rarely completed;D) usually attained in Western but not Eastern societies;20) With advancing age, individual differences in;development become;A) no different;B) less pronounced;C) more pronounced;D) none of the above describe advancing age;21) The developmental task of leaving home most importantly;involves;A) differentiating one?s self from one?s parents;B) getting married and having a family;C) cutting all ties to one?s parents;D) moving out of the family home;22) In the last decade, a trend seen in young adults?;behavior is that;A) more young adults are moving in with their parents;B) more young adults are majoring in humanities and social;sciences;C) many are less concerned with social issues, such as;environment;D) more females than males between 20-24 years old are;living with their;parents;23) Women in midlife often;A) worry about their biological clock;B) avoid schooling;C) avoid adoption;D) avoid the workforce;24) Is there any way to predict Alzheimer?s disease?;A) yes, mild cognitive impairment at midlife often predicts;later Alzheimer?s;B) yes, the way to test for it is to test for memory loss;when it is fi rst suspected;C) no, it is found only upon autopsy;D) no, there is no way to predict nor to diagnose it for;sure Final Examination;5;Psychology of Adjustment;25) Viagra is for;A) men only, not women;B) older men in their change of life;C) arthritis in men and women;D) young people, both male and female;26) Which factor(s) account(s) for an individual?s desire to;retire?;A) attitudes toward retirement;B) perceived adequacy of income;C) general health;D) all of the above;27) What is true of the Social Security system?;A) the government can be depended on to help the elderly;even if they have;never worked a day in;their lives;B) the age for eligibility is rising;C) individuals automatically receive it upon retirement;D) all of these are true;28) The more active a person is, the more satisfi ed a;person remains is explained;by;A) disenchantment;B) the climacteric;C) activity theory;D) disenfranchisement;29) All those perceptions of ?I? and ?me? together with the;feelings and beliefs;associated with them;are called the;A) social self;B) ideal self;C) real self;D) self-concept;30) The notion that each of us has multiple selves really;means;A) there is no coherent core of the self-concept;B) everyone has multiple personality disorders;C) there is no such thing as the self-concept;D) the self-concept is a cluster of self images 6;Final Examination;Psychology of Adjustment;31) Experiences that are inconsistent with our existing;self-concept tend to be;A) admitted fully into conscious awareness;B) distorted or denied to awareness;C) incorporated into our ideal self;D) labeled accurately;32) Experiences that are consistent with both our sensory;reactions and self--;concept;A) are denied to awareness;B) are usually distorted;C) are rarely accurately labeled;D) comprise the core of our self-concept;33) Low self-esteem is characterized by;A) trying so hard to improve his math scores;B) poor performance on spelling tests;C) refusal to accept praise;D) all of the above;34) According to the text, our perception of how others view;us is keyed to;A) who we would like to be;B) what others think of us;C) the way we see ourselves;D) our parental infl uence;35) Research demonstrates that most individuals;A) expect higher grades than they receive;B) underestimate their own intelligence;C) overestimate how salient their own behaviors and;appearance are to others;D) feel self-feedback is more important than feedback from;others;36) One of the best ways to handle personal criticism is to;take it as;A) a matter that requires you to defend yourself;B) a matter which requires immediate action;C) a cue that action may be required;D) the refl ection of another person?s envy Final;Examination;7;Psychology of Adjustment;37) During the early stages of psychotherapy and;self-improvement, people tend;to express a lot of;A) rejection of the therapist;B) self-insight;C) self-dissatisfaction;D) self-acceptance;38) Which of the following is true about the ideal body;thought to be desired by;the opposite sex?;A) women believe men want a thin woman, but men do not confi;rm this;B) college women think men want a woman who is thinner with;larger breasts;than the woman the;men say they actually desire;C) college men think women want a man who is thinner and;taller than the man;the women say they;actually want;D) the type of woman men actually want is dissimilar to the;body ideal held by;women;39) With regard to health behaviors, which personality trait;enables us to adopt;healthy and therefore;preventive behaviors?;A) competitiveness;B) self-effi cacy;C) introspection;D) conformity;40) A return to previous behavior is called;A) addiction;B) rebound;C) relapse;D) none of the above;41) Women doctors;A) spend more time with patients;B) explain medical terminology better;C) allow patients to talk more;D) all of the above 8;Final Examination;Psychology of Adjustment;42) According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture?s food;pyramid, what sub-;stance should we;consume the most of?;A) meat;B) breads;C) dairy;D) fruits and vegetables;43) Which statement is true about dreams?;A) dreams are unnecessary;B) dreams are realistic and meaningful;C) dream analysis is well agreed upon;D) dream time decreases as we age;44) Physical fi tness is associated with;A) fi ghting some cancers;B) reducing anxiety;C) improved mood;D) all of the above;45) ________ locus of control is when a person believes they;have control;locus of;control is when a person feels an outside source has;control.;A) internal, external;B) external, internal;C) personal, external;D) personal, internal;46) One of the most reliable predictors of who will complete;or drop out of pro-;grams for weight loss;or substance abuse is the individual?s;A) educational level;B) perceived control;C) gender;D) marital status;47) When we want to lead and inspire others, we should;A) focus only on the negative aspects of changing our ways;B) focus on short-term but negative effects;C) focus on being optimistic and emphasizing the positive;D) focus on building empathy Final Examination;9;Psychology of Adjustment;48) In the recommended process for making wise decisions;the fi fth and fi nal;stage consists of;A) accepting the challenge;B) assessing your actions and decision;C) following through with your decision;D) searching for alternatives;49) Which of the following is an example of reactance?;A) driving slowly because someone is tailgating to get you;to speed up;B) reading a book you have always wanted to read just for;sheer pleasure;C) fi nishing a crossword puzzle and feeling very proud of;yourself;D) giving money to charity every year and giving the same;amount;50) The technique of listing the advantages and;disadvantages of a given course;of action before making;a decision is called;A) values clarifi cation;B) direct decision therapy;C) creative confl ict management;D) the balance sheet procedure;51) The need that appears at the top of Maslow?s hierarchy;is;A) belonging;B) physiological needs;C) safety needs;D) self-actualization;52) According to Maslow?s hierarchical model of needs, the;most urgent need is;A) the highest level of unmet needs;B) the need for self-actualization;C) the need for security and other social needs;D) the lowest level of unmet needs;53) Intrinsic motivation involves active engagement out of;personal interest, while;external motivation;involves;A) engagement to satisfy family;B) a need to have others guide you;C) engagement as a means to an end;D) a desire to help others 10;Final Examination;Psychology of Adjustment;54) Zuckerman and others suggest that the need for;sensation-seeking behavior;A) is entirely due to our life circumstances, especially our;fi eld of employment;if the job is boring;we seek sensations elsewhere;B) may be partly biological;C) becomes stronger with age;D) is not affected by social infl uences;55) An effi cacious person says;A) ?Why didn?t I do this yesterday??;B) ?We don?t have to be perfect.?;C) ?I can do this. ?;D) ?I may do it now or never.?;56) Based on his cross-cultural research, Matsumoto claims;that a seventh;universal emotion;expressed on the human face is;A) frustration;B) love;C) joy;D) contempt;57) A basic principle of person perception is;A) our fi rst impressions are not the most lasting;impressions;B) people form impressions of others only after they have;gleaned lots of infor-;mation;C) not all of us form fi rst impressions of other people, we;wait to pass judgment;D) people tend to form extensive impressions of others on;the basis of very little;information;58) Our fi rst impressions of people are generally based on;A) sound psychological principles;B) very little information;C) careful observations;D) a lot of experience with the person Final Examination;11;Psychology of Adjustment;59) When it comes to physical attraction between people of;the opposite sex, the;?matching hypothesis?;implies that;A) females seek males who match their parents? images;B) males seek females like their mothers, and females seek;males like their;fathers;C) we are attracted to people who reciprocate our liking of;them;D) we seek people who are about as attractive as we are;60) Shyness in the extreme is called social anxiety, or;A) social phobia;B) unfamiliarity;C) psychopathic;D) biological predisposition;61) Who is shy?;A) teens are the shiest age group in America;B) women are shier than men;C) adults are shier than children;D) whites are shier than minorities;62) Which statement is true about loneliness?;A) people with high emotional intelligence experience;greater loneliness;B) individuals whose parents died experience increased;loneliness;C) people who are high in empathy and aware of their;emotions tend to be lonely;D) some of the loneliest people had divorced parents when;they were young;63) What is the correct sequence of group formation;according to the text?;A) forming, storming, norming, and performing;B) storming, forming, norming, and performing;C) norming, storming, performing, and forming;D) forming, storming, performing, and norming;64) In what type of social infl uence situation do we follow;direct commands from;others?;A) interpersonal attraction;B) compliance;C) conformity;D) obedience 12;Final Examination;Psychology of Adjustment;65) The ?great man theory? found ________ traits to be;correlated with effective;U.S. presidents.;A) 3;B) 4;C) 5;D) 6;66) Which set of terms best fi t together?;A) in-group, task-oriented, groupthink;B) great man theory, women, conformity;C) collectives, conformity, group polarization;D) emotional intelligence, charismatic leader;transformational leader;67) The person who remains neutral in a confl ict but;renders a binding solution to;the confl ict is;known as a(n);A) mindguard;B) arbitrator;C) mediator;D) none of these is correct;68) People who score high on the Realistic theme of the;Strong Interest Inventory;would most likely;enjoy a job working as an;A) accountant;B) biologist;C) engineer;D) stockbroker;69) Which is NOT a major reason that job satisfaction tends;to rise with age and/;or years on the job?;A) knowing offi ce politics and how to circumvent them;B) having more realistic job expectations;C) job security;D) rising pay;70) Which of the following is an example of sexual;harassment according to the;text?s defi nition?;A) a male coworker whistles at his female colleague who;wears a short skirt to;work, she is so;distressed by this that she never again wears a short skirt to;work Final;Examination;13;Psychology of Adjustment;B) a male employer puts his arm around his secretary who is;uncomfortable;each time he does;this;C) a male coworker often tells dirty jokes which embarrass;all the female em-;ployees;D) all of these are examples, especially if the behavior;impedes the performance;of the women;71) According to a Lou Harris poll, compared to workers in;the recent past, the;average American;worker today;A) has the same amount of leisure time;B) works fewer hours a week;C) has less leisure time;D) has more leisure time;72) The most common reason Americans take a vacation is for;A) family togetherness;B) escape;C) self-discovery;D) relaxation;73) The Masters and Johnson team identifi ed ________ stages;in the sexual;response cycle.;A) 6;B) 5;C) 4;D) 7;74) When she is sure she won?t see anyone she knows, Sveta;occasionally goes;out in public dressed;like a man. She probably is;A) a transsexual;B) a crossdresser;C) intersexed;D) autoerotic 14;Final Examination;Psychology of Adjustment;75) According to the text, the ideal type of love is;A) intimate love;B) passionate love;C) companionate love;D) consummate love;76) Which one of the following birth control techniques is;regarded as most effec-;tive?;A) diaphragm;B) cervical cap;C) combined birth-control pills;D) condom;77) Which STD if left untreated can cause brain damage;blindness, or paralysis?;A) genital herpes;B) syphilis;C) chlamydia;D) all three of these;78) In the triangular theory of love, ________ is the;motivational aspect of love.;A) passion;B) commitment;C) intimacy;D) romance;79) According to studies comparing people?s current romantic;relationships with;their childhood;attachment styles, individuals who exhibit the ?anxious-am-;bivalent? pattern;A) are the most cynical about romantic love;B) report their romances last the longest;C) are the most prone to jealousy;D) fall in love easily, but rarely fi nd true love;80) The divorce rate in the U.S. now stands at;percent.;A) 50;B) 75;C) 25;D) 5 Final Examination;15;Psychology of Adjustment;81) EFT is a technique to;A) change thought and emotional patterns;B) intervene in disputes;C) handle family budgets;D) aid in sexual dysfunction;82) Studies of divorced people have shown that;A) most remarry in the fi rst year after their divorce;B) few of them are willing ever to marry anyone;C) most divorced people marry another divorced person;D) none of these is true about divorced people;83) According to Hans Selye, stress which has a benefi cial;effect on us is called;A) eustress;B) hypostress;C) distress;D) hyperstress;84) What are common reactions to terrorism?;A) feeling tense;B) sleep problems;C) feeling numb;D) all of the above;85) In his fi rst week as an air-traffi c controller, Harley;is already complaining of;headaches and;fatigue. Harley?s symptoms are characteristic of which stage;of the general;adaptation syndrome?;A) the intermediate stage;B) resistance;C) exhaustion;D) alarm;86) Cumulative changes that refl ect the cost to the body;for adapting to stressful;demands is called;A) allostatic load;B) acting out;C) homeostasis;D) repression16;Final Examination;Psychology of Adjustment;87) Withdrawal from a stressful situation;A) is a viable problem-solving response under some;conditions;B) is almost always an unhealthy, maladjusted response to;stress;C) is a temporary symptom-reducing response, so it rarely;works;D) is the preferred response in almost all stressful;situations;88) In terms of mental disorders, most mental health;professionals greatly attend;to;A) the statistical rarity of the behavior;B) the legal model of insanity;C) the person?s reputation among his or her peers;D) the individual?s level of personal distress;89) With regard to mental disorder and diversity, which;statement(s) is/are true?;A) minorities in treatment receive poorer quality care;B) minorities are underrepresented in mental health research;C) minorities have less access to mental health services;D) all of these are true;90) Which is not a category of compulsions?;A) hoarder;B) slacker;C) repeater;D) orderer;91) In contrast to major depression, bipolar disorder;A) is more common in the general population;B) is more prevalent among women than men;C) is more prevalent among married people;D) usually occurs before age 30;92) Which of the following are obvious symptoms of;psychosis?;A) fear of being alone and fear of high places;B) overeating and anxiety;C) delusions and hallucinations;D) none of these is a symptom of psychosis Final Examination;17;Psychology of Adjustment;93) Which type of therapy emphasizes the importance of the;therapist?s attitude;of acceptance and;empathetic understanding of the client?;A) psychoanalytic therapy;B) rational-emotive therapy;C) person-centered therapy;D) gestalt therapy;94) The notion that the people who can help you best are;those who have similar;problems is a common;assumption in;A) gestalt therapy;B) contextual therapy;C) mutual-help groups;D) social skills training;95) The class of medication for mental disorders that has;increased most dra-;matically is;A) lithium products;B) antianxiety drugs;C) antipsychotic medication;D) antidepressants;96) ________ has been shown by multiple studies to reduce;depression.;A) Eating more salt and less sugar;B) Exercise, such as jogging;C) Eating more sugar and less salt;D) Listening to classical music;97) People tend to overestimate the risk of death from;causes such as;A) strokes;B) heart attacks;C) accidents;D) diabetes;98) Mary is less fearful of death than many older people her;age. According to the;text, a major reason;for Mary?s diminished fear of death probably is her;A) having a college education;B) genuine belief in the afterlife;C) feeling that ?it can?t happen to me?;D) having cared for a terminally ill friend 18;Final Examination;Psychology of Adjustment;99) The healthy process of grief work involves;A) avoiding formal funeral services for others;B) wearing mourning clothes;C) not talking about one?s loss;D) sharing one?s feelings of grief;100) What is a typical response of caregivers to long-term;caregiving?;A) depression;B) relief when the cared for person dies;C) self-satisfaction;D) resentment


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