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PSYS09 Theories of Marriage and Family 100 MCQs




Question;Publisher: Pearson Education, Inc., Allyn and Bacon: Boston, MA 02116PSYS09 Theories of Marriage and FamilyMultiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet) 1) Family sculpting and choreography are applications of this early approach to group treatment which consists of dramatic enactments from the lives of group members and uses a number of techniques to stimulate emotional expression and clarify conflicts. A) psychodrama B) T-group C) psychoeducation 0) encounter group 2) The first to apply group concepts to family treatment was A) Murray Bowen B) Carl Whitaker C) John Elderkin Bell 0) Virginia Satir 3) Reflecting the recent recognition that some problems are in fact problems of individuals and not caused by families, Carol Anderson and colleagues developed this family therapy approach to treating families with schizophrenics. A) family group counseling B) psychodrama C) solution-focused therapy D) psychoeducation 4) Leaders of family therapy who are social workers include all except whom? A) Virginia Satir B) Carl Whitaker C) Monica McGoldrick 0) Braulio Montalvo 5) Lyman Wynne's term for the facade of family harmony that characterized many schizophrenic families is: A) pseudomutuality B) pseudoharmony C) pseudocomplementarity 0) pseudohostility6) Hospital clinicians began to acknowledge and include the family in an individual's treatment when: A) they noticed when the patient got better, someone in the family got worse B) they realized the family was footing the bill for treatment C) they realized the family continued to influence the course of treatment anyway D) Aand C 7) Gregory Bateson and his colleagues at Palo Alto introduced this concept to describe the patterns of disturbed family communication which cause schizophrenia. A) double bind B) schizophrenogenesis C) pseudohostility 0) none of the above 8) This family therapist's personal resolution of emotional reactivity in his family was as significant for his approach to family therapy as Freud's self-analysis had been for psychoanalysis. A) Murray Bowen B) Salvador Minuchin C) Jay Haley 0) Carl Whitaker 9) This family therapist believed in the existence of an interpersonal unconscious within each family. A) Virginia Satir B) Nathan Ackerman C) Ivan Boszormenyi-Nagy 0) Murray Bowen 10) The techniques of structural family therapy fall into two general categories, joining and _ A) disengaging maneuvers B) taking an "I" position C) restructuring techniques 0) paradoxical interventions 11) Group-oriented therapists promote communication by concentrating on process rather than content. A) TRUE B) FALSE 12) The tendency of families to resist change in order to maintain a steady state is known as: A) complementarity B) paradox C) negative feedback 0) the black box concept 13) While the communications family therapists share the common goal of altering self-reinforcing and destructive patterns of communication in families, their intervention strategies differed. For example, Haley favored the use of while Satir sought change by making family rules explicit and by teaching principles of clear communication. A) paradox B) interpretations C) positive connotations D) behavioral contracts 14) According to communications theory, healthy families are able to adapt to changing circumstances through use of: A) positive feedback B) negative feedback C) homeostasis D) therapeutic double-binds 15) A conflict created when a person receives contradictory messages on different levels of abstraction in an important relationship, and cannot leave or comment is known as a: A) double-bind B) reframe C) quid pro quo 0) complementarity 16) The goal of family group therapy is to: A) promote individuation offamily members B) promote verbalization and understanding of unmet needs C) improve family relationships D) all of the above17) The family theory of the etiology of schizophrenia which focused on disturbed patterns of communication was founded by Gregory Bateson, Theodore Lidz, and: A) Lyman Wynne B) Mara Selvini-Palazzoli C) Carl Whitaker D) Virginia Satir 18) According to Bateson's research on the disorder, they believed that _________was a disturbance of the entire family, not the individual. A) depression B) alcoholism C) schizophrenia D) A and C 19) According to the authors, the communication theorists tend to describe families as in their theoretical statements, though they tended to treat them as ____ in their clinical work. A) complementary/symmetrical B) open systems/closed systems C) closed systems/open systems D) symmetrical/complementary 20) The stages of a family's life from separation from one's parents to marriage, having children, growing older, retirement, and finally death, are known as the: A) homeostasis B) family structure C) function of the system D) family life cycle 21) Constructivism first found its way into psychotherapy in the work of: A) George Kelly B) Michael White C) Kenneth Gergen D) Paul Watzlawick 22) A biological model of living systems as whole entities which maintain themselves through continuous input and output from the environment, developed by l.udwiq von Bertalanffy is known as A) general systems theory B) cybernetics C) constructivism D) ecosystemic communication 23) Which phenomena are NOT a focus of cybernetics, as applied to families? A) family rules B) negative feedback C) sequences of interaction D) family hierarchy 24) Superficial change in a system which itself stays invariant is termed--' while basic change in the structure of a system is called _ A) first-order, systemic B) second-order, first-order C) first-order, second-order D) cybernetic, second-order 25) Boundaries around the executive subsystem in the family are of particular importance because the family is seen by structural therapists as crucial to the family's well-being. A) life cycle B) quid pro quo C) network D) hierarchyMultiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet) 1) By training family members in 3 areas--teaching differentiation, avoiding triangula tion, and Bowen therapists can enable a single individual to transform the whole network of his or her family system. A) avoiding expression of intense emotions B) increasing contact with dysfunctional family members C) reopening cut-off family relationships 0) all of the above 2) According the Bowen theory, the flight from an unresolved emotional attachment to one's parents is known as: A) fusion B) emotional cutoff C) enmeshment 0) disengagement 3) In Bowen theory, this is a process wherein the projection of varying degrees of immaturity to different children in the same family occurs. The child who is most involved in the family emerges with the lowest level of differentiation, and passes on problems to succeeding generations. A) multigenerational transmission process B) nuclear family emotional process C) societal emotional process 0) family projection process 4) This Bowenian term describes the level of emotional ?stuck-togetherness? or fusion in the family. A) unconscious need complementarity B) triangling C) nuclear family emotional process 0) A and C 5) According to Bowen, are the smallest stable unit of human relations. A) dyads B) foursomes C) triangles 0) none of the above 6) Unlike experiential therapists, Bowenians seek to levels of anxiety in order to increase levels of differentiation of self in the family. A) decrease B) identify C) monitor D) increase7) is a prominent technique in Bowen therapy designed to clarify emotional processes involved in altering key triangles. The technique is used in order to help family members become aware of systems processes and recognize their own roles in them--it was first developed for use with emotional pursuers and distancers. A) Coaching B) Use of genograms C) Relationship experiments D) Use of displacement stories 8) According to Sulloway's research on the correlates of sibling position in families, are more likely to question the status quo and are more open to experience. A) Firstborns B) Only children C) Laterborns D) Band C 9) Bowen's concept "differentiation of self" is most like, which of the following? A) Ego strength B) Independence C) Self-actualization D) Disengagement 10) A primary goal of communications family therapy is to: A) interrupt dysfunctional feedback loops B) negatively reinforce symptoms C) foster insight D) promote individuation offamily members 11) Basic change in the structure and functioning of a system is known in general systems theory as: A) second-order change B) paradoxical change C) quid pro quo change 0) first-order change 12) MRI therapists identify 3 categories of client solutions which tend to perpetuate or exacerbate their problems. They include attempting to solve something which isn't really a problem, taking action to solve a problem but doing so at the wrong level, and A) complying with a paradoxical directive B) failing to take action, though action is necessary C) denying that a problem exists 0) Band C E) none of the above 13) All of these schools have for their goals of therapy both symptom resolution and transformation in the whole family system, except which? A) MRI B) Structural C) Bowenian 0) Experiential 14) I he strategic technique of providing a new label for a family's description of behavior, in order to make it more amenable to therapeutic change, for example, describing someone as "Iazy" rather than "depressed:' A) Restraining B) Reframing C) Interpretation 0) A and C 15) Madanes categorizes family problems according to 4 basic intentions of family members involved in them. They are: the desire to dominate and control, the desire to love and protect others, the desire to repent and forgive, and the desire to A) beloved B) be secure C) create a family 0) none of the above 16) Structuralists believe the family must first accept the therapist, in a process called ____ -' which allows the therapist to increase stress and unbalance the family homeostasis, thus opening the way for structural transformation in the family. A) restructuring B) taking an "I" position C) detouring 0) joining 17) When parents are unable to resolve the conflicts between them, a common pattern is to continue to argue through the children. When father says mother is too permissive, she says he's too strict. He may in turn withdraw, and she responds to the child with excessive concern and devotion. The structural term which best describes the resulting family structure is: A) a pathological triangle B) over involvement between father and child C) diffuse boundaries between husband and wife 0) a cross-generational coalition between mother and child 18) An interaction stimulated in structural family therapy in order to observe and then change transactions which make up family structure is called: A) an enactment B) a spontaneous behavior exchange C) a positive connotation 0) a reframing 19) In order to highlight and modify interactions in the family, structural therapists must use intensity to: A) extend interactional sequences beyond the point where dysfunctional homeostasis is reinstated B) interrupt rigid patterns of conflict-avoidance C) break families loose from their patterns of equilibrium 0) all of the above 20) Minuchin, Rosman, and Baker (1978) reported a 90 improvement rate in the results of their treatment study of structural family therapy in treating _ A) depression B) anxiety disorders C) drug addiction 0) anorexia 21) Carl Whitaker, like Murray Bowen, believes that personal growth (i.e., individuation) also requires: A) problem-solving abilities B) rational thinking C) family connectedness 0) none of the above 22) A non-verbal experiential technique, in which family members position themselves in a tableau that reveals significant aspects of their perceptions and feelings, is known as: A) family sculpting B) family ritual C) existential encounter 0) conjoint family drawing 23) Among experientialists, families are typically conceived of and treated as _ A) parent and child subsystems B) systems C) groups of individuals 0) none of the above 24) The goal of Internal Family Systems therapy is to: A) achieve self-leadership B) de-triangulate C) experience unique outcomes 0) Band C 25) An essential role of an IFS therapist is to: A) help family members notice when their parts have taken over B) educate family members about internal positive feedback loops C) solve the family's presenting problem 0) reposition the family hierarchyMultiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet) 1) is an interactive process in which a subject perceives an object as containing elements of the subject's personality and evokes certain behaviors and feelings from the object that conform to these perceptions. A) Projective identification B) Transference-countertransference C) Separation-individuation D) Reciprocal introjection 2) Non-psychoanalytic family therapists locate problems between people, psychoanalytic family therapists identify problems people. A) within B) between C) within and between D) none of the above 3) An emotional reaction, usually unconscious and often distorted, on the part of the therapist to a patient or family member in treatment is known as: A) introjection B) countertransference C) transference D) projective identification 4) According to psychoanalytic theory, marital choice is affected in part by the _____ phenomenon, in which the insecurely attached child grows up learning to hide their real needs and feelings to win approval. A) double-bind B) invisible loyalty C) introjective D) false self 5) A process in psychoanalytic family therapy, by which insights are translated into new and more productive ways of behaving and interacting is known as: A) metacommunication B) interpretation C) working through D) projective identification 6) Psychoanalytic family therapists pay particular interest to childhood memories when: A) they feel family members' need reassurance and direction B) they are re-enacted in the present, manifested as transference C) family members' associations and spontaneous interactions cease D) none of the above 7) Unlike psychoanalytic clinicians may not complete their assessment or arrive at a final diagnosis until the end of treatment. A) experientialists B) behaviorists C) structuralists 0) Band C 8) Psychoanalytic family therapy consists of four basic techniques: listening, empathy, interpretation, and _ A) re-storying B) facilitating emotional expression C) maintaining analytic neutrality 0) paradoxical directives 9) Along with the achievement of insight, the processes of'working through' and ____ of the therapy are considered three specific processes that facilitate change in psychodynamic therapy. A) sublimation B) reciprocal introjection C) warding off 0) internalization 10) This behavioral technique uses a system of points or stars to reward children for successful behavior: A) shaping B) contingency contracting C) aversion therapy 0) token economy 11) A behavioral technique used to eliminate behavior by not reinforcing it is known as: A) extinction B) punishment C) assertive training 0) contingency contracting 12) Behavioral assessment methods fall into each of the following categories except which? A) observation B) objective testing C) clinical interview D) projective testing 13) According to Jacobson and Margolin, behavioral marital therapists prefer to use ____ to identify problems and understand their etiology. A) interviews B) written questionnaires C) direct observation 0) Band C E) none of the above 14) The major intent of behavioral exchange procedures is to help couples: A) establish reinforcement reciprocity B) evaluate treatment outcome C) resolve sexual arousal disorders 0) with severe marital problems 15) Masters and Johnson tend to lump sexual problems into which category: A) poor technique B) anxiety C) lack of motivation 0) lack of information 16) According to behaviorists, disturbed marital interactions result from: A) low rates of positive reinforcement exchange B) positive expectancies C) low rates of aversive control 0) none of the above 17) The model of mental disorder, which proposes that an individual develops a disorder when a genetic weakness is sufficiently stressed by an event in the environment, is used in Bowen theory and by the psychoeducational therapists. A) object relations B) general systems C) diathesis-stress 0) none of the above18) The primary goal of the psychoeducational approach to treatment of schizophrenia is: A) to cure the patient of schizophrenia B) to maximize functioning and minimize relapse C) to determine the family's contribution to the illness D) to remove the patient from their family environment 19) The one-day "survival-skills workshop" conducted with groups of family members is used in which treatment approach? A. internal family systems therapy B. medical family therapy C. solution-focused therapy D. psychoeducation 20) Reflecting teams are used by which family therapists? A) Bowen family therapists B) Jay Haley and Chloe Madanes C) structural family therapists D) narrative constructive therapists 21) Early in the development of solution focused therapy, all clients were given the same assignment, in which clients are asked to observe what happens in their life/relationships that they want to continue. A) invariant prescription B) re-storying task C) formula first-session task D) family ritual 22) This question, used by solution focused therapists, is intended to circumvent clients' global and unremitting perceptions of the problems and directs their attention to times in the past or present when they didn't have the problem. A) scaling question B) exception question C) miracle question D) none of the above 23) The school of family therapy views resistance as an activation of the protective side of family members. A) solution focused B) MRI C) structural 0) experiential 24) Steve de Shazer's term for someone who isn't willing to work at changing is: A) patient B) client C) complainant 0) customer 25) Solution-focused therapy draws heavily on: A) social constructionism B) social learning theory C) systems theory 0) constructivismMultiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet) 1) Both the narrative and Milan systemic approaches are characterized by an: A) emphasis on paradoxical intervention B) interest in the origin or cause of problems C) ethic of collaboration D) none of the above 2) Reflecting teams are used by which family therapists? A) structural family therapists B) Jay Haley and Cloe Madanes C) narrative constructive therapists D) Bowen family therapists 3) According to White, the "constitutionalist self" is a fluid and plastic version of the self, affected by one's _ A) cultural B) cognitive schemas C) lifescripts D) interactions with others 4) Unlike the cybernetic metaphor, which focuses on self-defeating patterns of ____ -' the narrative metaphor focuses on self-defeating _ A) cognition(s), behavior(s) B) culture(s), emotion(s) C) behavior(s), cognition(s) D) behavior(s), emotion(s) 5) The narrative approach first founds its way into psychotherapy in the hermeneutic traditions in _ A. client-centered therapy B. feminism C. gestalt therapy D. psychoanalysis6) Narrative therapists problems in order to free the family and individual family members from blame. A) externalize B) prescribe C) re-story 0) reframe 7) According to social constructionists, the "constitutional self" is _ A) fluid and plastic B) enduring C) highly resistant to outside influence 0) a wellspring of untapped resources 8) According to narrative therapy, by maintaining a dominant story of their problem, family members fail to see their problems. A) the paradox in B) exceptions to C) underlying causes of 0) their contributions to 9) Narrative therapists search the family's history for -' in their efforts to separate them from their problems. A) sparking outcome B) multi generational patterns C) miracle outcomes 0) none of the above 10) In order to fortify gains made in narrative treatment, are organized to discuss how to facilitate the client's success in countering the effects of their problem story. A) supportive teams B) multiple family groups C) reflecting teams 0) none of the above 11) In order to externalize a problem, whether it's an internal experience, a syndrome, or a relationship pattern, the narrative therapist must _ A) prescribe it B) personify it C) ask the miracle question 0) ignore it and focus on unique outcomes 12) The narrative technique of enables family members to distance from their problem by externalizing it, and thus experiencing their control over the problem. A) re-storying B) sequences C) family rituals 0) the invariant prescription 13) The multicultural framework encourages therapists to speak with families about their A) culture B) race C) ethnicity 0) ethnicity, education, and religion 14) Metaframework therapists: A) have conversations with families about potential constraints B) collaborate with family members to form hypotheses C) use a reflecting team to help re-story the family problem 0) Band C E) A and B 15) Rather than combining models, this integrative treatment approach incorporates a variety of family and individual approaches in sequence. A) integrative problem-centered therapy B) metaframeworks model C) integrative couple therapy 0) all of the above16) The narrative solutions approach combines the insights of with narrative techniques. A) structural therapy B) Bowenian theory C) experiential therapy 0) MRl's model 17) The narrative solutions approach revolves around the concept of which assumes that people have strong preferences for how they would like to see themselves, and be seen by others. A) preferred views B) Self leadership C) emotional reactivity 0) externalizing the problem 18) This therapist teamed with Andrew Christensen to figure out how to improve the limited success rates they were finding in couples treated with traditional behavioral couples therapy. A) Joseph Eron B) Neil Jacobson C) William Pinsof 0) Virginia Goldner 19) In contrast to traditional behavioral therapy, integrative couple therapy emphasizes A) emotional experiencing B) support and empathy C) insight 0) accountability 20) Cognitive-behavioral and strategic therapists tend to emphasize the technical role of the therapist, while and therapists stress the artistic side of the person. A) experiential, constructivist B) Bowenian, structural C) communications, Bowenian 0) structural, experiential 21) The model of mental disorder, which proposes that an individual develops a disorder when a genetic weakness is sufficiently stressed by an event in the environment, is supported by Bowen theorists and psychoeducational therapists. A) object relations B) diathesis-stress C) general systems D) none of the above 22) The concept of describes how when two people are in conflict, the one who experiences the most anxiety will triangle in another person. A) the empty chair B) the miracle question C) genograms D) none of the above 23) Action and insight are the primary vehicles of change in family therapy. The -:-----..,. school emphasizes behavioral change and avoids insight as a medium for change. A) psychodynamic B) strategic C) narrative D) experiential 24) One variation of the patient-therapist relationship is exemplified by this model which instructs its therapists to empathize with a family's predicament while also empowering them to use their own strengths to find solutions, from a position of partnership. A) psychoanalytic B) solution focused C) communications D) A and B 25) Which is NOT a technique used by therapists to block or change dysfunctional behavior? A) paradox B) directives C) therapeutic double-binds D) none of the above- all are techniques used commonly by therapists


Paper#59850 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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