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Question;MEMORY TEST;1. The main difference;between auditory and visual sensory memory is that;(A) Visual memory;dominates auditory memory;(B) Visual sensory memory;lasts for a shorter period of time than auditory sensory memory;(C) Visual sensory memory;has a higher storage capacity than auditory sensory memory;(D) A phone number read;to an individual will be lost before a phone number that was glanced at for 15;seconds;(E);If both visual and auditory stimuli are presented at the same time, the visual;stimulus is more likely to be transferred to the long-term memory than is the;auditory stimulus;2. The greater likelihood;of recalling information from memory while in the same or similar environment;in which the memory was originally encoded is an example of;(A) Retroactive;interference;(B) Chunking;(C) Elaborative rehearsal;(D) Encoding specificity;(E);Procedural memory;Kaplan;3. When studying memory;we are often concerned with the process of getting information into the system.;The process of getting information into short-term memory is called;(A) Retrieval;(B) Storage;(C) Encoding;(D) Sensation;(E);Perception;4. According to Craik and;Tulving, the most important factor in memory performance is;(A) Retrieval cues;(B) Storage capacity;(C) Encoding context;(D) Sensation of;information;(E);Perception of reality;5. The capacity of short;term memory is;(A);2+or-3;(B) 5+or-1;(C) 3+or-2;(D) 9+or-2;(E);7+or-2;6. The stage that;information first enters when it comes into the information processing system;is called;(A) Short-term memory;(B) Long-term memory;(C) Encoding stage;(D) Sensory memory;(E);Working memory;7. A task that would lead;to deep levels of memory would be;(A) Identifying the;number of letters in a word;(B) Determining if two;words rhyme;(C) Deciding if someone?s;name a good fit for them;(D) Determining if a word;fits into a sentence;(E);Identifying the number of syllables in a word;8. An example of explicit;memory would be;(A) Learning how to type;(B) Remembering your;locker combination;(C) Writing;(D) Reading;(E);Driving;9. Spreading activation;is a process that has been used to demonstrate how information may be organized;in long-term memory. To demonstrate this, you might find that;(A) Bread makes you think;of butter;(B) Doctor makes you;think of eating;(C) You daydream;(D) You remember your;birthday;(E);Dogs make you think about shoes;10. We recall information;better when we try to remember it in the same situation as when we learned it.;This concept is called;(A) Memory cue;(B) Encoding specificity;(C) Retrieval context;(D) Spreading activation;(E);Learning context;11.;Suppose you want to remember all the states. You decide that you are going to;make up a song to help you. When you do this, you are using what psychologists;call a(n);(A) Mnemonic;(B) Learning strategy;(C) Encoding strategy;(D) Retrieval strategy;(E);Context cue;12. What evidence;suggests that memory is organized the way it is?;(A) We say the word nurse;faster after we see the word desk;(B) We say the word;doctor faster after we see the word nurse;(C) We say bread slower;after we see the word butter;(D) We say pillow slower;after we see the word couch;(E);We say computer faster after we see the word couch;13. Mnemonics help us to;remember things more efficiently because they;(A) Provide a catchy tune;(B) Provide us with;instant, photographic memory of information;(C) Provide us with;organization for recall;(D) Provide us with;context;(E);Provide us with a bigger short-term memory;14. The most common form;of a model of long-term memory is called;(A) Spreading activation;model;(B) Nodes and links;(C) ACT;(D) Episodic memory;(E);Semantic memory;15. An example of a task;that might lead to poor memory would be;(A) Trying to fit a word;into a sentence;(B) Learning all the;names of the children in a class;(C) Associating words;with images that they represent;(D) Saying the number of;letters in a word;(E);Trying to rhyme a word with a nonword;16. Short-term memory has;a capacity that is;(A) Small;(B) Large;(C) Unlimited;(D) 6+or-2 digits;(E);Variable by individual;17. Long-term memory has;a capacity that is;(A) Small;(B) Large;(C) Unlimited;(D) 6+or-2 digits;(E);Variable by individual;18. The first stage of;the information-processing model is;(A) Sensory memory;(B) Attention;(C) Long-term memory;(D) Short-term memory;(E);Working memory;19. The final stage of;the information processing model is;(A) Sensory memory;(B) Attention;(C) Long-term memory;(D) Short-term memory;(E);Working memory;20. Someone is currently;paying attention to something. In what stage of information processing is this;person?;(A) Sensory memory;(B) Attention;(C) Long-term memory;(D) Short-term memory;(E);Explicit memory;21. The idea that;information is better recalled when the encoding context matches the retrieval;context is called the;(A) Encoding specificity;(B) Mnemonics;(C) Retrieval cue;(D) Cognitive cue;(E);Spreading activation;22. A task that would;lead to deep levels of processing would be;(A) Trying to learn how;to spell nonwords;(B) Rhyming words;(C);Counting letters;(D) Fitting words into a;sentence;(E);Identifying what is a word and what is not;23. The three stages of;the Atkinson- Shiffrin process of memory are;(A) Iconic, echoic;encoding;(B) Sensory, short term;long term;(C) Shallow, medium, and;deep processing;(D) Semantic, episodic;procedural;(E);Cerebellum, temporal lobe, hippocampus;24. Which of the following;examples best illustrates episodic memory?;(A) Telling someone how to;tie a shoe;(B) Answering correctly;that the Battle of Hastings was in 1066;(C) Knowing that the word;for black in French is noir;(D) Remembering that a;clown was at your fifth birthday party;(E);Long-term memory for the time tables learned in second grade;25. Doug wrote a grocery;list of ten items, leaves it at home. The list included in order: peas, corn;squash, onions, apples, pears, bananas, flour, milk, and eggs. If the law of;primacy holds which of the following is Doug most likely to remember when he;gets to the store?;(A) Peas, pears, eggs;(B) Banana, flour, peas;(C) Apples, pears, bananas;(D) Flour, milk, eggs;(E);Peas, corn, onions;26. In the example;above, which of the items would be recalled in Doug?s short-term memory;immediately after writing the list?;(A) Peas, corn, squash;(B) Peas, corn, onions;(C) Apples, pears;bananas;(D) Flour, milk, eggs;(E);Flour, corn, bananas;27.;According to the levels of processing theory of memory;(A) We remember items;that are repeated again and again;(B) Maintenance rehearsal;will encode items into our long- term memory;(C) Deep processing;involves elaborative rehearsal, ensuring encoding into long-term memory;(D) Input, output, and;storage are the three levels;(E);We can only hold 7 items in our short- term memory store before it is full;28. Which of the;following brain structures plays a key role in transferring information from;short-term memory to long- term memory?;(A) Hypothalamus;(B) Thalamus;(C) Hippocampus;(D) Frontal lobe;(E);Parietal lobe;29.;Dai was drunk, so his girlfriend convinced him to get out of his car, and she;drove him home in her car. He could not remember where his car was parked when;he got up the next morning, but after drinking some liquor, Dai remembered;where he left his car. This phenomenon best illustrates;(A) The misinformation;effect;(B) Mood- congruent;memory;(C) The framing effect;(D) State dependent;memory;(E) Anterograde amnesia;30. Phonemes are;(A) The rules of grammar;that dictate letter combinations in a language;(B) The smallest unit of;sound in a language;(C) The smallest unit of;meaning in a language;(D) Semantically the same;as morphemes;(E) About 100 different;words that are common to all languages;31. Which of the;following exemplifies retroactive interference;(A) After suffering a;blow to the head, Jean cannot form new memories;(B) Elle failed a Spanish;test because she studied for her Italian test after studying Spanish;(C) Lee cannot remember;an important date on the history exam;(D) Gene cannot remember;his new locker combination but remembers last year?s;(E);Jodie remembers the first few items on her school supply list, but can?t;remember the rest of them;Fast;Track to a 5;32. The process of;acquiring information and entering it into memory is referred to as;(A) Storage;(B) Encoding;(C);Retrieval;(D) Gathering;(E) Stimulating;33. Mary is able to;remember her mother?s birth day. Remembering that date is an examply of which;type of memory?;(A) Procedural memory;(B) Semantic memory;(C) Episodic memory;(D) Nondeclarative memory;(E) Flashbulb memory;34. Rosita was having a;hard time remembering the material she learned in class and that she knew was;doing to be on a test. As she walked into her classroom on the day of the test;she immediately started to remember the forgotten content. This sudden;occurrence could be explained by;(A) Recency effect;(B) Context-dependent;memory;(C) Primary effect;(D) Retrieval failure;(E) Semantic association;35. Steve can only;remember his old locker combination, he keeps forgetting his new combination.;Steve is experiencing;(A) Blocking interference;(B) Retroactive;interference;(C) Proactive;interference;(D) Repression;interference;(E) Suppression;interference;36. Ray hurt his head in;a car accident and has been experiencing problems recalling past events. Ray?s;doctors told his parents that Ray may be suffering from;(A) Anterograde amnesia;(B) Misinformation effect;(C) Incomplete schemas;(D) Retrieval failure;(E) Retrograde amnesia;37. What psychologist;believed that the forgetting of information will occur rapidly at first and;will then level off, with the remaining information being retained for a long;period of time?;(A) Herman Ebbinghaus;(B) Donald Hebb;(C) Karl Lashley;(D) Sigmund Freud;(E);Elizabeth Loftus;Myer?s;Psychology;38. The ?magical number;seven, plus or minus two? refers to the;(A);Ideal number of times to rehearse information in the first encoding session;(B) Number of seconds;information stays in short- term memory without rehearsal;(C) Capacity of short-;term memory;(D) Number of seconds;information stays in echoic storage;(E) Number of years most;long term memories last.;39. Which of the;following describes long ?term potentiation?;(A) When attempting to;retrieve information, it is easier to recognize than recall;(B) Constructed memories;have the potential to be either accurate or inaccurate;(C) Memories are formed;in the brain when a synapse changes to allow for more efficient transfer of;information;(D) Implicit memories are;processed by the cerebellum instead of by the hippocampus;(E) Information is;transferred from working memory to long-term memory;40. Which of the;following is an example of implicit memory?;(A) The ability to find a;hiddenWhere?s Waldo?figure with practice;(B) The ability to;retrieve from memory the details of an assignment that is due tomorrow;(C) The ability to;vividly recall significant events like the 9/11 attacks to New York City and;Washington, D.C.;(D) The ability to;remember the details of your last birthday party;(E) The ability of people;to recognize names and pictures of their classmates many years after they have;graduated;41. Which of the;following statements concerning memory is true?;(A) Hypnosis, when used;as a component of therapy, usually improves the accuracy of memory.;(B) One aspect of memory;that is usually accurate is the source of the remembered information;(C) Children?s memories;of abuse are always accurate;(D) Memories we are more;certain of are more likely to be accurate;(E) Memories are often a;blend of correct and incorrect information;42. The basketball;players could remember the main points of their coach?s halftime talk, but not;her exact words. This is because they encoded the information;(A) Semantically;(B) Acoustically;(C) Visually;(D) Shallowly;(E) Automatically;43. When someone provides;his phone number to another person, he usually pauses after the area code and;again after the next three numbers. This patter underscores the importance of;(A) Chunking;(B) The serial position;effect;(C) Semantic encoding;(D) Auditory encoding;(E) Automatic processing;44. Which of the;following us true regarding the role of the amygdala in memory?;(A);The amygdala help process implicit memories;(B) The amygdala support;Freud?s ideas about memory because they allow us to repress memories of trauma.;(C) The amygdala produce;long-term potentiation in the brain;(D) The amygdala help;make sure we remember events that trigger strong emotional responses;(E) The amygdala are;active when the retrieval of a long-term memory is primed;45. Which of the;following illustrates the serial position effect?;(A) The only name Kensie;remembers from the people she met at the party is Spencer, because she thought;he was particularly good looking;(B) Kimia has trouble;remembering information from the book?s first unit when she reviews it for;semester finals;(C) It?s easy for;Brittney to remember that carbon?s atomic number is 6 because her birthday is;on December 6;(D) Kyle was not able to;remember the names of all his new co-workers after one week on the job, but he;could after two weeks;(E) Alp is unable to remember;the middle of a list of vocabulary words as well as he remembers the first or;last words on the list;46. Mnemonic devices areleast;likely to be dependent upon;(A) Imagery;(B) Acronyms;(C) Rhymes;(D) Stories;(E) Massed rehearsal;47. You are likely to;remember more psychology in your psychology classroom than in other;environments because of;(A) Mood congruence;(B) Context effects;(C) State dependency;(D) Proactive;interference;(E) Retroactive;interference;48. All of the following;kinds of information tend to be automatically processedexcept;(A) Space information;(B) Time information;(C) Frequency information;(D) New information;(E) Well-learned;information;49. Hermann Ebbinghaus is;considered a pioneer in memory research because he established the importance;of;(A) Semantic encoding;(B) Mnemonic devices;(C) Rehearsal;(D) Iconic storage;(E);Long-term potentiation;50. Which of the;following is an example of source amnesia?;(A) Iva can?t remember;the details of a horrifying event because she has repressed them;(B) Mary has entirely;forgotten about an incident in grade school until her friend reminds her of the;event;(C) Michael can?t;remember this year?s locker combination because he confuses it with last year?s;combination;(D) Stephen misremembers;a dream as something that really happened;(E) Anna, who has been;trying to lose weight, is unable to remember several of the between-meal snacks;she had yesterday;51. Chemistry teachers almost;always present elements within the context of the periodic table. The periodic;table is useful because it is a(n);(A) Example of chunking;(B) Hierarchy;(C) Mnemonic device;(D) Example of iconic;storage;(E) Massed rehearsal;strategy;52. Hermann Ebbinghaus?;forgetting curve indicates that;(A) Most forgetting;occurs early on and then levels off;(B) We forget more;rapidly as additional time passes;(C) Forgetting is;relatively constant over time;(D) Forgetting is related;to many factors, but time is not one of them?;(E);We are more likely to forget items in the middle of a list than at the;beginning or the end


Paper#59913 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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