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GRM 697 Unit 1 MCQs




Question;1. In general, when selecting factors for a study, you want to be sure of which of these?;a. they have been investigated before;b. they are available to investigate;c. they are not of interest to you;d. they do not lead to another question;2. Identify and select the correct order of steps in scientific inquiry.;a. formulating a hypothesis, collecting relevant information, testing the hypothesis, working with the hypothesis;b. reconsidering the theory, asking new questions, identifying the important factors, collecting relevant information;c. asking the question, identifying the important factors, asking new questions, testing the hypothesis;d. asking new questions, reconsidering the theory, working with the hypothesis, testing the hypothesis;3. Non experimental research methods consist of which of the following?;a. test causal relationships between variables;b. only describe characteristics of existing phenomenon;c. can be descriptive, historical or correlation;d. examine factors that are not related;4. Hannah assigns children to different teaching method groups and tests their math performance after six weeks. This is an example of what type of research?;a. descriptive;b. historical;c. experimental;d. uncontrolled;5. Which of the following methods provides information about past trends?;a. historical;b. correlational;c. experimental;d. descriptive;6. Matthew thinks that there is a relationship between parenting style and self-esteem in children. Which research method should he use?;a. correlational;b. quasi-experimental;c. descriptive;d. historical;7. When variables compete to explain the same effects, what are they sometimes called?;a. contradictory;b. intertwining;c. confounding;d. interdependent;8. What is another term for the independent variable?;a. treatment variable;b. dependent variable;c. control variable;d. factorial variable;9. What type of variable masks the true relationship between the independent and dependent variables?;a. extraneous variable;b. moderator variable;c. control variable;d. neutral variable;10. Why is a null hypothesis said to be implied?;'s always directly tested.;b. It's never directly tested.;c. You do not need to test it to know that it is false.;d. It is stated in a question form.;11. The interpretation of "differences are significant" means that the differences found are;a. probably not due to chance;b. due to chance;c. creative outcomes;d. not dictated by the hypothesis;12. The best dependent variable is defined by which of the following characteristics?;a. independent of any other variable in the same study;b. sensitive to changes in the treatment;c. can be manipulated by the researcher;d. interacts with the independent variable;13. Which of the following is a good way to find a research topic?;a. personal experience;b. getting an idea from your advisor;c. looking for the next step in the research process;d. All of the above.;14. Which type of source is NOT typically included in a literature review?;a. tertiary sources;b. general sources;c. secondary sources;d. primary sources;15. What is one of the advantages of using online search services?;a. you are not likely to miss very much;b. this is an outdated method;c. it IS stated In a declarative form;d. you can enter the data for anyone reference using a standard form;16. Forcing someone to participate in a study is an example of what ethical issue/concern?;a. protection from harm;b. maintenance of privacy;c. informed consent;d. coercion;17. What is the best definition of an institutional review board?;a. a group of people who make decisions regarding an institution's human resources;b. a group of people found in most public institutions and private agencies who render a judgment as to whether experiments carried out in their facilities are free from risk;c.a group of people who review the literature produced by researchers in their institution in order to keep an accounting of it;d. a group of people representing many different institutions who meet to review the current literature in their respective fields;18. What does the ethical principle of "sharing benefits" mean?;a. all participants in the same study should receive an equal share of the benefits or subject payments;b. all those who belong to the population being studied will share equally from the benefits the study produces;c. the results of studies must be shared with the public so society may benefit from the increased knowledge;d. all groups involved in a study should eventually be given an opportunity to receive any treatments that were found to be effective in the study;19. Which is NOT a component of informed consent?;a. the purpose of the research;b. who you are;c. how the participant can get a copy of the records;d. a computer simulation of the data;20. What is the purpose of a table of random numbers?;a. determine the number of subjects in a study;b. decide what statistical test to use;c. randomly assign people to groups;d. number items on a questionnaire;21. What does generalizability refer to?;a. results that may be applied to different populations in different settings;b. results that apply only to the sample studied;c. convenience sampling;d. using a table of random numbers;22. A table of random numbers;a. is used in non probability sampling methods;b. can be used to create a stratified sample;c. works well with convenience sampling;d. is a list of ordered numbers from which the researcher closes his eyes and randomly points until he obtains the desired number for his sample;23. What is the most unbiased tool that can be used in random selection?;a. random sampling;b. table of random numbers;c. quota sampling;d. direct sampling;24. When is a stratified sample an appropriate sampling technique?;a. specific characteristics of the population are of no concern;b. individuals in a population are not equal;c. each member must have an equal chance of being selected;d. you have a small population;25. Which of the following is NOT a probability sampling method?;a. simple random sampling;b. quota sampling;c. stratified sampling;d. cluster sampling


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