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Devry PSYC110 week 1 quiz




Question;Question 1.;1.;(TCO 1) Psychology is defined as the _____.;(Points: 2);science of conscious and unconscious forces on behaviorempirical study of the mindscientific study of the mindscientific study of behavior and mental processes;Question 2.;2.;(TCO;1) If Dr. A is interested in studying why individuals with antisocial;personality continue to commit crimes and hurt others without feeling;any remorse, on what goal of psychology is Dr. A focused?;(Points: 2);Describing behaviorExplaining behaviorPredicting behaviorChanging behavior;Question 3.;3.;(TCO;1) Research has shown that watching aggression on television causes;children to become physically more aggressive. As a result, the V-chip;was created. What goal of psychology does this best represent?;(Points: 2);Describing behaviorExplaining behaviorPredicting behaviorChanging behavior;Question 4.;4.;(TCO 1) Functionalism was strongly influenced by what previous theory?;(Points: 2);Darwin's theory of evolutionStructuralismBehaviorismPavlov's theory of classical conditioning;Question 5.;5.;(TCO 1) Pavlov's concept of _____ explained behavior as a result of observable stimuli and observable responses.;(Points: 2);introspectionconditioningfunctionalismshaping;Question 6.;6.;(TCO 1) Behaviorists were different conceptually from earlier psychologists and;(Points: 2);rejected the practice of introspection.rejected the influence of unconscious forces.believed classical conditioning only applied to animals such as Pavlov's dogs.A and B;Question 7.;7.;(TCO 1) According to the humanistic perspective, human behavior is determined by _____ causes.;(Points: 2);voluntaryexternalobjectivepsychoanalytic;Question 8.;8.;(TCO 1) Cognitive psychology focuses on _____.;(Points: 2);conflict within the conscious mindthe positive, creative, growth-seeking potential of human naturemental processes, language, and perceptioncomplex biochemical events involved in information processing;Question 9.;9.;(TCO;2) If you prepared a study to determine which areas of the brain are;used for working memory, you would be conducting _____ research.;(Points: 2);dependentindependentapplicationbasic;Question 10.;10.;(TCO 2) The first step in the scientific method is _____.;(Points: 2);developing a theoryforming a testable hypothesisdesigning a studyreviewing the literature of existing theories;Question 11.;11.;(TCO 2);According to the rules of informed consent, when you ask the researcher;whether you have to complete or finish the experiment in which you are;participating, the researcher should respond with, _____.;(Points: 2);You have the right to drop out of the study at any time.""I'm sorry, the experiment must continue.""Please continue. I will debrief you afterwards.""You may drop the study now, but you will forfeit credit.;Question 12.;12.;(TCO 2) In a naturalistic observation, a researcher would be most likely to do which of the following?;(Points: 2);Conduct an in-depth study of a single subjectObserve participants as they behave naturally in the psychology research laboratoryObserve and systematically record behavior in a participant's natural state or habitatDetermine cause and effect;Question 13.;13.;(TCO 2);is being conducted when a researcher is watching and recording the;interactions between members of a Koala family in the wild.;(Points: 2);An animal husbandry surveyA quasi-experimentIntrospection researchNaturalistic observation;Question 14.;14.;(TCO;2) If researchers gave participants varying amounts of a new memory drug;and then gave them a story to read and measured their scores on a quiz;the _____ would be the independent variable (IV), and the _____ would;be the dependent variable (DV).;(Points: 2);response to the drug, amount of the drugexperimental group, control groupexposure to the drug, quiz scoresresearcher variables, extraneous variables;Question 15.;15.;(TCO;2) While conducting research, you unintentionally provide subtle cues to;the study's participants about the purpose of the research, which;influences your results in the direction you expected. This is a;demonstration of _____.;(Points: 2);ethnocentric researchmisapplication of an independent variableexperimenter biassubject bias;Question 16.;16.;(TCO 2) Which of the following is an example of a zero correlation?;(Points: 2);The relationship between your grades and how much time you spend studyingThe relationship between your alcohol consumption and physical reaction timeThe relationship between intensity of rain and umbrella useThe relationship between your adult height and intelligence;Question 17.;17.;(TCO 3) Which type of twins share the greatest genetic overlap?;(Points: 2);IdenticalDizygoticFraternalZygotic;Question 18.;18.;(TCO;3) The three basic parts of the neuron can be likened to an arm, where;the fingers represent the _____, the palm of the hand represents the;and the forearm represents the _____.;(Points: 2);dendrites, myelin, axon terminalsomas, cell body, dendritereceivers, generator, transmitterdendrites, cell body, axon;Question 19.;19.;(TCO;3) What is the part of the neuron that performs cleanup tasks and;insulates one neuron from another so that neural messages do not get;scrambled?;(Points: 2);SomaDendritesAxonsGlial cells;Question 20.;20.;(TCO 3) The tips of the branches of the axon are called _____.;(Points: 2);dendritesterminal buttonssomamitochondria;Question 21.;21.;(TCO 3) Neurotransmitters _____.;(Points: 2);are chemicals that cross the synaptic gap and bind to receptors on another neuronare surrounded by a myelin sheathdeliver only excitatory messagesdeliver only inhibitory messages;Question 22.;22.;(TCO 3) Endogenous opiates are called _____.;(Points: 2);neurotransmittersendorphinsmorphinecurare;Question 23.;23.;(TCO 3) One of the hormones released by the adrenal glands in response to stress is _____.;(Points: 2);cortisolserotonindopamineGABA;Question 24.;24.;(TCO3) The peripheral nervous system _____.;(Points: 2);is composed of the spinal cord and peripheral nervesis less important than the central nervous systemis contained within the skull and spinal columnincludes all the nerves and neurons outside the brain and spinal cord;Question 25.;25.;(TCO 3) In the study mentioned in the textbook, rats with spinal cord damage implanted with embryonic stem cells _____.;(Points: 2);showed improvements in the damaged areas in the spinal cord but not the paralyzed areas of the bodyshowed no improvements in the damaged areas in the spinal cordshowed no improvements in other paralyzed areas of the bodyshowed improvements in the damaged area of the spinal cord and the paralyzed areas of the body;Question 26.;26.;(TCO;3) The _____ nervous system is responsible for involuntary tasks;whereas the _____ nervous system is responsible for voluntary tasks.;(Points: 2);autonomic, somaticsomatic, autonomiccentral, peripheralperipheral, central;Question 27.;27.;(TCO;3) The _____ nervous system is responsible for fight or flight, whereas;the _____ nervous system is responsible for maintaining calm.;(Points: 2);central, peripheralparasympathetic, sympatheticsympathetic, parasympatheticautonomic, somatic;Question 28.;28.;(TCO 3) What is the major sensory relay area for the brain?;(Points: 2);HypothalamusThalamusCortexHindbrain;Question 29.;29.;(TCO 3) What is the part of the brain that is most likely overactive in someone who suffers from panic disorder?;(Points: 2);AmygdalaThalamusPonsHypothalamus;Question 30.;30.;(TCO 3) Abnormalities in which lobe are associated with schizophrenia?;(Points: 2);ParietalTemporalOccipitalFrontal


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