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devry PSY110 final exam




Question;Page 1;Question;1. 1.A;psychologist is interested in finding out why identical twins have;different personalities. This psychologist is most interested in the goal;of ____________.;(Points: 5);description;explanation;prediction;control;Question;2. 2.;is an experiment in which participants do not know if they are in the;experimental or the control group but the experimenters do know which participants;are part of which group. (Points: 5);The double-blind study;Field research;The single-blind study;Correlational research;Question;3. 3.The;cortex is divided into two sections referred to as____________. (Points: 5);cerebral hemispheres;cerebellums;corpus callosum;neurotransmitters;Question;4. 4.John;has decided to start to learn how to wrestle. His first day at practice;a seasoned wrestler slams the back of his head to the mat. John was;shaken and reported to the trainer that he "saw stars" after he;hit his head. As evidenced by "seeing stars," John's ______ was;temporarily affected as a result of the slam. (Points: 5);corpus callosum;occipital lobe;parietal lobes;somatosensory cortex;Question;5. 5.Laverne;goes to a movie theater to watch her favorite movie. About halfway;through the movie she becomes aware of an overpowering hunger for;popcorn. What she does not realize is that throughout the first part of the;movie, a message saying "Eat Popcorn!" was repeatedly flashed;on the screen at a speed too fast for her to be consciously aware of it.;If her desire for popcorn is due to that message, she is responding to;(Points: 5);selective perception;subliminal perception;cognitive restructuring;stroboscopic perception;Question;6. 6.A;person can have between ___________ taste buds in his or her mouth. (Points: 5);100 to 1,000;20,000 to 50,000;6,000,000 to 120,000,000;500 to 10,000;Question;7. 7.Proprioceptors;signal ______________. (Points: 5);somatic pain;skin sensations;olfactory sensations;the location of our body;parts in space;Question;8. 8.After;Pavlov's dogs became conditioned to salivate at the sound of the;metronome, he experimented by sounding the metronome and then failing to;present the dogs with any food right away. Soon, they stopped salivating;to the sound of the metronome. This represents the process called;(Points: 5);acquisition;testing;extinction;spontaneous recovery;Question;9. 9.Professor;Rochelle told her students that if her door was closed it meant that she;was unavailable to them and would be angry if they knocked on her door.;But if her door was open, it meant that she was in a rare good mood and;would answer questions at that time. Professor Rochelle's door being open;was a ___________ for ____________. (Points: 5);discriminative stimulus;asking questions;discriminative stimulus, not;asking questions;discriminative response;asking questions;discriminative response, not;asking questions;Question;10. 10.;is retention of memory for some period of time. (Points: 5);Encoding;Storage;Retrieval;Evaluation;Question;11. 11.As;memories get older, they are most likely _____________. (Points: 5);to get lost;to become stronger, more;accurate, and more vivid;to be regarded as unreliable;by the person using them;to become changed or altered;in some fashion;Question;12. 12.Mental;activities that differ noticeably from normal waking consciousness are;known as _________.;(Points: 5);hyperconsciousness;unconscious states;relaxed wakefulness;altered states of;consciousness;Question;13. 13.Which;of the following questions would be more likely to produce divergent;thinking? (Points;5);What is a;stapler?;How do you spell;stapler?;How many uses can you;think of for a stapler?;What does a stapler;look like?;Question;14. 14.The;local health department of a small town has hired a research firm to;study the development of cancer in residents in the town, due to a;suspected cancer-causing agent and environmental pollution. The;researcher will compare data on the same participants at age 10, 20, 30;40, 50, 60, and 70 years in order to see if there are increasing rates of;cancer in the town. This type of research study is called a ____________. (Points: 5);cross-sequential design;longitudinal design;behavior genetics design;cross-sectional design;Question;15. 15.Edmund;is a Boy Scout. While on a camping trip, the scout leader tells the boys;to stay away from the lake. Some of the scouts ignore the leader and go;fishing by the lake anyway. Edmund wants to do what the leader tells him;and believes that good behaviors are rewarded while bad behaviors are;punished. Which level of moral reasoning is he in? (Points: 5);preconventional;conventional;postconventional;convenient;Page 2;Question;1. 1.Jerry;gets a great deal of fulfillment out of visiting the new art exhibits;at the museum in town. He usually visits each exhibit several times;during a show and finds beauty in a variety of different types of art;works. Jerry is likely to visit the new exhibits in an effort to meet;a(n) _____________ need. (Points: 5);freedom;belonging;power;aesthetic;Question;2. 2.Which;of the following is classified as a depressant?;(Points: 5);cocaine;alcohol;heroin;marijuana;Question;3. 3.Events;that cause a stress reaction are referred to as ____________.;(Points: 5);hassles;catastrophes;eustresses;stressors;Question;4. 4.Which;part of the nervous system reacts when the human body is subjected to;stress?;(Points: 5);parasympathetic;somatic;sympathetic;central;Question;5. 5.Social;psychology differs from psychology in its focus on _________.;(Points: 5);people's susceptibility to;clever advertising;the influences of the;social world in which we exist;abnormal behavior;conformity;Question;6. 6.Imagine;100 individuals are asked to take part in a replication of Milgram's;famous study on obedience. How are these 100 people likely to respond?;(Points: 5);The majority would;administer 450 volts as instructed.;The majority would;immediately realize the use of deception and leave.;Most of the women would;refuse to obey, whereas almost all of the men would obey.;Most of the participants;would work together to force the experimenter to end the experiment.;Correct answer is: a;Question;7. 7.The;World-Will-End-on-June-7 group got together on June 7 to pray as the;world ended. The next day the world had not ended. The leader of the;group said, "Our prayers saved the world." What process was;responsible for the attitude change? (Points: 5);operant conditioning;cognitive dissonance;classical conditioning;positive reinforcement;Question;8. 8.Luther;operates a small nightclub that specializes in soul music and features;up-and-coming African American singing groups. He actively discourages;white couples from coming in and always gives them the worst seats if;they insist on being admitted. Luther's behavior is BEST described as;an example of _________. (Points: 5);prejudice;ambiguity;discrimination;oppression;Question;9. 9.One;limitation of the trait perspective compared to the other perspectives;is there is not much __________. (Points: 5);description;research;material;explanation;Question;10. 10.Jeremy;was just told that his father has cancer. Jeremy's first response is;that there must be a mistake and he demands that the doctor repeat his;tests. Which defense mechanism is at work here?;(Points: 5);reaction formation;denial;repression;undoing;Question;11. 11.Nicholas;is a man whom the local college students all think of as eccentric.;Each day he stands on campus, smiling at people as they walk by, and he;is known for his ever-present greeting of "Good Luck!" In;fact, the students at this campus have come to refer to him as;Good Luck Nick." Nobody knows if he has a home or if he is;destitute, but Nicholas never asks for anything. Which of the four;criteria of mental illness might Nicholas satisfy?;(Points: 5);inability to function;normally;social norm deviance;subjective discomfort;danger to self or others;Question;12. 12.Which;of the following statements is true about anxiety?;(Points: 5);It is never considered;realistic or normal.;Some anxiety is realistic;when its source is understandable.;It always manifests itself;as a disorder.;It is unusual for a;mentally healthy person to experience anxiety.;Question;13. 13.A;person who suffers from bipolar disorder alternates between ________.;(Points: 5);anxiety and mania;depression and manic;episodes;mania and schizophrenia;depression and;schizophrenia;Question;14. 14.Sylvia;who is undergoing person-centered therapy, has been told that she;experiences a mismatch between her ________self and her _______self.;(Points: 5);conscious, unconscious;possible, future;working, current;real, ideal;Question;15. 15.Which;of the following is one of the criticisms of cognitive and;cognitive-behavioral therapies? (Points: 5);They are too expensive.;Therapy typically lasts for;several years.;They focus too much on the;past.;They treat the symptom not;the cause of the problem.;Question;1. 1.How;is the way the sense of taste works similar to the way the sense of smell;works? Please give examples to illustrate your answer. (Points: 30);2.Think about our prison systems. Many;folks think the role of the prison system is to punish people who break the;law, and that we should have more prisons to punish more people. But let us;look at what happens to the average burglar. If (s)he is caught, (s)he will;probably not go to trial for a year or two and then is likely to get probation;or a light sentence. If (s)he does go to prison, (s)he is unlikely to learn any;useful skills and will meet other criminals who will probably not be good role;models. Additionally, (s)he may not end up serving his/her entire sentence due;to overcrowding conditions in prisons. Given what you know about operant;learning principles, reinforcement, and punishment, critique the way our;current prison system works and suggest some better ideas. Be sure to be;specific about the principles that you have learned from our textbook.;(Points: 30);3.Give an example about something you;have learnt, using it define and describe the three-stage model of memory is;one of the best-known models in all of psychology. Describe also the three;stages of memory and their characteristics. Explain how the three-stage model;of memory might explain the famous serial position effect. (Points: 30);4.Based on personal examples, describe;Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs which has been described as a pyramid with several;different levels. Please discuss each level of the pyramid, and use your;examples to explain each need. (Points: 30);5.Why does Freudian theory garner so;much criticism? What are some positive qualities of Freud's theory that might;describe behavior in the twenty-first century? Give also your personal point of;view about Freud's theory. (Points: 30)


Paper#59986 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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