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Psychology Perspectives- MCQs Test Bank

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Question;After Cristin Norine isolated herself from actual contact with people and stayed in the glass house, she concluded that the main benefit of electronic social interaction is to:A. improve concentration.B. avoid confusion and misunderstanding.C. improve our motor skills.1. D. help people who are far apart stay in touch.;(p. 6) Which of the following statements is true of psychology?A. Psychology is the art of understanding people`s interaction in groups.B. Psychology does not have any other disciplines organized around it.1. C. Psychology is a core science, along with medicine, physics, and math.D. Psychology is not a science, but a clinical practice.(p. 5) ______________ seeks to understand people in terms of large-scale social forces and with a focus on groups rather than individuals.A. Archaeology1. B. SociologyC. AnthropologyD. Psychology(p. 5) Psychology is most accurately defined as the _____________.;A. study of people through description and analysis of past events and artifactsB. study of people in terms of large-scale social forces and with a focus on groups rather than individualsC. scientific study of thought and behaviorD. scientific study of human culture and origins(p. 5) ______________ helps us understand people through description and analysis of past events and artifacts.;A. LiteratureB. HistoryC. SociologyD. Anthropology(p. 11) Which of the following types of psychologists is most likely to be a part of the human resource department of a large corporation?;A. Cognitive psychologistB. Industrial/organizational psychologistC. Social psychologistD. Developmental psychologist(p. 12) For which of the following reasons is ancient Greece significant in the history of psychology?;A. The foundations for psychology as a science can be traced to ancient Greece.B. Wilhelm Wundt, one of the first known psychologists, established his laboratory in ancient Greece.C. The first doctorate in psychology was awarded in ancient Greece.D. The ancient Greeks compiled the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).(p. 11) The industrial side of industrial/organizational psychology;1. A. applies principles of psychology to the selection and training of employees.B. aims to increase productivity and satisfaction of workers by considering how the work environment and management styles influence worker motivation, satisfaction, and productivity.C. develops treatments for mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders.D. explores how thought and behavior change and show stability across the life span.(p. 8) In which of the following subdisciplines of psychology are researchers often referred to as experimental psychologists?;A. Social psychology1. B. Cognitive psychologyC. Clinical psychologyD. Educational psychology(p. 10) Stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination are topics most likely to be studied by _____________.;A. geneticistsB. cognitive psychologistsC. neurologistsD. social psychologists ?(p. 5) Sarah is observing high school students use Facebook and Skype. Her purpose is to see how these media change the way we communicate in our society. She is most likely a student of;A. anthropology. B. human resource management.C. psychology.D. history.(p. 12) Trephination involves;A. recruiting large numbers of individuals to participate in clinical trials of controversial pharmaceuticals.B. associating a previously neutral stimulus with a meaningful stimulus to create a desired response.C. studying large groups of individuals from various cultures to determine similarities and differences across these cultures.D. drilling a small hole in someone`s skull, often to release demons thought to possess the person.(p. 4) A look at Cristin's Twitter feed while in the glass house reveals posts about the importance of _____________.;A. imprintingB. habituationC. human touchD. self-concordance (p. 10) Clinical psychology;A. considers how the real or imagined presence of others influences thought, feeling, and behavior.B. examines how thought and behavior change and show stability across the life span.C. focuses on the treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders.D. considers what makes people unique as well as the consistencies in people`s behavior across time and situations.(p. 8) ______________ is the study of how we perceive information, how we learn and remember, how we acquire and use language, and how we solve problems.;A. Social psychologyB. Cognitive psychologyC. Clinical psychologyD. Educational psychology(p. 9) Which of the following studies is most likely to be conducted by Cathy, who is majoring in biological psychology, for her honors thesis?;A. The social origins of major depressive disordersB. The extent to which childhood peer experiences influence adult behaviorC. The relationship between the neurotransmitter serotonin and happinessD. A computer model of humans` deductive reasoning processes(p. 11) Which of the following is most likely to be the focus of educational psychology?A. The relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and their relationship to behavior and thoughtB. The role of psychological factors in the physical health and illness of studentsC. The changes in our emotional skills that take place as we ageD. The effectiveness of particular teaching techniques (p. 9) The neurological processes underlying fear would most likely be studied by a _____________.A. behavioral neuroscientistB. developmental psychologistC. positive psychologistD. personality psychologist (p. 4) Cristin Norine started The Future of Socializing, a 30-day "art piece," where her purpose was to see;1. A. what is more effective in changing behavior-reinforcement or punishment.2. B. how social media changes the way we communicate.3. C. how the mirror neuron system operates.4. D. what was more effective in changing behavior-continuous reinforcement or intermittent reinforcement. (p. 9) ______________ examines the relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and their relationship to behavior and thought.;1. A. Clinical psychology2. B. Biological psychology3. C. Social psychology 4. D. Educational psychology(p. 8) Which of the following questions is most likely to be discussed by a cognitive psychologist?;1. A. How do people visualize objects in their minds?2. B. How does the presence of other people change an individual`s thoughts, feeling, or perceptions?3. C. Why are we attracted to particular kinds of people? 4. D. How does parent-infant bonding affect adult relationships?(p. 8) Developmental psychology explores;1. A.how we perceive information, how we learn and remember, how we acquire and use language, and how we solve problems.2. B. the links among brain, mind, and behavior.3. C. the relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and their relationship to behavior and thought. 4. D. how thought and behavior change and show stability across the life span.(p. 10) Which of the following questions is most likely to be discussed by a social psychologist?;1. A. Why are we attracted to particular kinds of people?2. B. How do our reasoning skills change as we age?3. C. How do people visualize objects in their minds? 4. D. How does parent-infant bonding affect adult relationships?(p. 4) After Cristin Norine isolated herself from actual contact with people and stayed in the glass house, she concluded that the main cost of electronic social interaction was;1. A. the increase in the time required for communication.2. B. the confusion and misunderstanding. 3. C. the higher cost of communication.4. D. the loss of time that could be used for more useful tasks.(p. 5) The root word "psyche" comes from the Greek for _____________.;1. A. heart2. B. soul 3. C. mind4. D. personality(p. 10) Personality psychology;1. A. considers how the real or imagined presence of others influences thought, feeling, and behavior.2. B. examines the relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and their relationship to behavior and thought.3. C. focuses on the treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders.4. D. considers what makes people unique as well as the consistencies in people`s behavior across time and situations. (p. 10) ______________ considers how the real or imagined presence of others influences thought, feeling, and behavior.;1. A. Clinical psychology2. B. Social psychology3. C. Educational psychology 4. D. Industrial psychology(p. 9-10) There is a great deal of overlap between neuroscience and ______________ psychology. The latter is an older term that is being replaced by behavioral neuroscience in contemporary psychology.;1. A. biological2. B. social 3. C. clinical4. D. educational(p. 12) Many prehistoric cultures had ______________ that treated mental disorders by performing rituals to drive out the evil spirits that were thought to be the causes of such disorders.;1. A. hunters2. B. chiefs 3. C. shamans4. D. laggards(p. 5) ______________ helps us understand people through its methods of storytelling, character exploration, setting, and imagery.;1. A. History2. B. Anthropology 3. C. Literature4. D. Psychology(p. 4) Cristin Norine started The Future of Socializing, a 30-day "art piece" in which she;1. A. avoided using electronic media for social interaction.2. B. interviewed different people to find out how technology had affected their lives. 3. C. observed a series of focus group discussions to find out how people interact in a social setting.4. D. isolated herself from actual contact with people and interacted with others only through social media.(p. 11) ______________ psychology is a blend of psychology, law, and criminal justice.;1. A. Social2. B. Forensic3. C. Developmental4. D. Cognitive (p. 6) Core sciences are those that;1. A. have many other disciplines organized around them.2. B. are a combination of several different sciences.3. C. have a large number of practical applications.4. D. are the simplest to understand. (p. 11) The organizational side of industrial/organizational psychology;1. A. involves matching employees to their job and uses psychological methods to select and evaluate employees.2. B. focuses on the treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders and ways to promote psychological health.3. C. aims to increase productivity and satisfaction of workers by considering how the work environment and management styles influence worker motivation, satisfaction, and productivity.4. D. considers what makes people unique as well as the consistencies in people`s behavior across time and situations. (p. 5) ______________ is the science of understanding individuals?animals as well as people.;1. A. Archaeology2. B. Sociology3. C. Anthropology4. D. Psychology (p. 10) James has received training in medicine and has an MD degree, in addition to offering therapy he can prescribe drugs. Based on this information, it can be concluded that James is a;1. A. clinical psychologist.2. B. counseling psychologist.3. C. psychiatrist. 4. D. psychologist with his own clinic.(p. 12) Which of the following is true concerning the science and practice of psychology?;1. A. The practice of psychology originated first, followed by science.2. B. The science of psychology originated first, followed by practice.3. C. The science and practice of psychology originated at roughly the same time. 4. D. The practice and science of psychology originated at the same time, but in different places.(p. 9) Which of the following questions is most likely to be discussed by a developmental psychologist?;1. A. How do people visualize objects in their minds?2. B. How does the presence of other people change an individual`s thoughts, feelings, or perceptions? 3. C. Why are we attracted to particular kinds of people?4. D. How does parent-infant bonding affect adult relationships?(p. 6) ______________ psychology is also known as folk psychology.;1. A. Research2. B. Clinical3. C. Scientific4. D. Popular (p. 8) Which of the following types of psychologists is most likely to conduct a research on how reasoning skills or emotional skills change with age?;1. A. Clinical psychologist2. B. Behavioral psychologist 3. C. Developmental psychologist4. D. Educational psychologist(p. 8) Dr. Hughes conducts laboratory studies of the thought processes involved in problem solving. Which of the following types of psychologists is she most likely to be?;1. A. Cognitive2. B. Evolutionary 3. C. Educational4. D. Social(p. 6) Common sense, rather than the scientific method, is used by;1. A. research psychologists.2. B. clinical psychologists.3. C. folk psychologists. 4. D. social psychologists.(p. 10) ______________ psychologists treat and assess relatively healthy people and assist them with career and vocational interests.;1. A. Cognitive2. B. Health 3. C. Counseling4. D. Clinical(p. 6) A writer from a popular fashion magazine has penned an article titled "Dating in the 21st Century." She has interviewed a few men and women and incorporated their dating experiences into this piece. This type of psychology is known as _____________.;1. A. folk psychology 2. B. health psychology3. C. consumer psychology4. D. forensic psychology(p. 9) ______________ studies the links among brain, mind, and behavior.;1. A. Social psychology2. B. Industrial psychology 3. C. Behavioral neuroscience4. D. Developmental psychology(p. 5) ______________ is the study of human culture and origins.;1. A. Anthropology2. B. Psychology 3. C. History4. D. Archaeology(p. 11) Topics in ______________ psychology range from studies of how stress is linked to illness and immune function to research on the role of social factors in how people interact with health care professionals.;1. A. cognitive2. B. health3. C. forensic4. D. educational (p. 11) Which of the following tasks is most likely to be performed by a forensic psychologist?;1. A. Applying principles of psychology to the selection and training of employees2. B. Evaluating the effectiveness of a particular teaching technique3. C. Providing career counseling to students of criminal justice 4. D. Evaluating the state of mind of a defendant at the time of a crime(p. 10) Dr. Hansen is conducting a study to understand whether or not one's level of extraversion stays the same from infancy to adulthood. She is most likely a _____________.;1. A. geneticist2. B. cognitive psychologist3. C. personality psychologist 4. D. doctor of osteopathy(p. 10) ______________ psychology is the single largest subdiscipline in psychology.;1. A. Social2. B. Clinical3. C. Educational4. D. Cognitive

 

Paper#60006 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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