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devry PSY110 final exam (taken on dec 17, 2013)

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solution


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Question;1.(TCO 1) The idea that depression is influenced by genetics, and;neurotransmitters, learned responses and thinking patterns, and;socioeconomic status and culture represents the _____ model of psychology.(Points: 5);psychiatric;evolutionary;biopsychosocial;eclectic;Question;2. 2.(TCO 2) In a case study, a researcher is most;likely to _____.;(Points: 5);interview many research subjects who have a;single problem or disorder;conduct an in-depth study of a single research;participant;choose and investigate a single topic;All of the above;Question;3. 3.(TCO 3) This neurotransmitter's major role is;to inhibit neural transmissions in the central nervous system.(Points: 5);Acetylcholine;Dopamine;GABA;Norepinephrine;Question;4. 4.(TCO 3) What is a small structure that;maintains homeostasis and regulates emotions and drives such as hunger;thirst, sex, and aggression?(Points: 5);Hypothalamus;Hippocampus;Pituitary gland;Thalamus;Question;5. 5.(TCO 4) When we organize patterns in order to;perceive an entire stimulus, rather than just its parts, we are using;principle of perception.(Points: 5);the wholistic;Wundt's;the Gestalt;the closure;Question;6. 6.(TCO 4) In the Ames room, people appear to grow;larger or smaller as they walk from one side of the room to the other;because(Points;5);retinal disparity occurs.;accommodation cannot be determined without;movement by the people.;people's expectations of the room being square in;shape are violated.;there is a lack of reference cues to judge the;height of people.;Question;7. 7.(TCO 5) Biological rhythms that occur on a;daily basis are called _____ rhythms.(Points: 5);circuitous;chronobiology;calendrical;circadian;Question;8. 8.(TCO 5) REM sleep is also called _____ because;the brain is aroused and active while the person remains nonresponsive and;asleep.(Points;5);pseudo-sleep;paradoxical sleep;hypnogogic sleep;transitional sleep;Question;9. 9.(TCO 5) Psychoactive drugs can _____.(Points: 5);alter the production of neurotransmitters;can alter the transmissions between neuropeptides;prevent or mimic the reception of;neurotransmitters on the next neuron;A and C;Question;10. 10.(TCO 6) In Selye's general adaptation syndrome;theory of stress, the initial response of the autonomic nervous system to a;stressor occurs in the _____ phase.(Points: 5);resistance;primary response;global responsiveness;alarm reaction;Question;11. 11.(TCO 6) Hardiness is _____.(Points: 5);based on genetics;learned;undesirable;positively correlated with cancer and heart;disease;Question;12. 12.(TCO 6) People with cynical hostility have more;interpersonal conflicts that can lead to _____.(Points: 5);an increase in autonomic activation;a decrease in autonomic activation;an increase risk of cardiovascular disease;A and C;Question;13. 13.(TCO 7) A previously neutral stimulus that;through repeated pairings with an unconditioned stimulus, produces a;conditioned response is now called a(n) _____.(Points: 5);conditioned stimulus;primary reinforcer;secondary reinforcer;classical stimulus;Question;14. 14.(TCO 7) The addition of a(n) _____ stimulus;results in positive reinforcement, whereas the subtraction of a(n);stimulus results in negative reinforcement.(Points: 5);desirable, painful or annoying;primary, secondary;operant, classical;higher order, lower order;Question;15. 15.(TCO 8) Your textbook suggests that you should;develop _____ in order to better learn the material in this course.(Points: 5);hierarchies;artificial concepts;natural concepts;prototypes;MC 2 of 2;Question;1. 1.(TCO 8) Which of the following did Robert;Sternberg emphasize in his triarchic theory of intelligence?(Points: 5);Process rather than product;Application of mental abilities to real-life;situations;Kinesthetic abilities;Both A and B;Question;2. 2.(TCO 9) Low levels of arousal lead to;and high levels of arousal lead to _____.(Points: 5);reduced behavior efficiency, reduced behavior;efficiency;increased behavior efficiency, reduced behavior;efficiency;increased behavior efficiency, increased;behavior efficiency;reduced behavior efficiency, increased behavior;efficiency;Question;3. 3.(TCO 9) Which of the following is not true of;a person who is high in nAch?(Points: 5);They are not concerned with feedback about;their performance.;They like moderately difficult tasks.;They take responsibility for their actions.;They do better in their professions.;Question;4. 4.(TCO 10) Which one of these factors does not;endanger the prenatal infant? (Points: 5);Malnutrition;Paternal factors;Stress Factors;Maternal Factors;Question;5. 5.(TCO 10) _____ occurs when existing schemas;are used to interpret new information, whereas _____ involves changes and;adaptations to existing schemas to make sense of new information.(Points: 5);Adaptation, accommodation;Adaptation, reversibility;Egocentrism, postschematization;Assimilation, accommodation;Question;6. 6.(TCO 10) What conclusions can be drawn from;infant-attachment and adult relationship studies?(Points: 5);Poor attachment in infancy causes poor adult;relationships.;Early attachment is likely to predict adult;relationship styles.;Infant attachment determines adult relationship;patterns.;Attachment is unlikely to predict adult;relationship styles.;Question;7. 7.(TCO 10) In Erikson's stages of psychosocial;development, the establishment of a personal identity is dependent upon;resolving which of the following prior challenges?(Points: 5);Generativity versus stagnation;Ego integrity versus despair;Autonomy versus shame and doubt;Intimacy versus isolation;Question;8. 8.(TCO 11) The part of the psyche that Freud;thought was the reservoir of mental energy is the _____.(Points: 5);unconscious;preconscious;id;ego;Question;9. 9.(TCO 11) Rogers thought that _____ is;necessary for a child's uniqueness and positive self-concept to unfold;naturally.(Points;5);permissive parenting;a challenging environment;unconditional positive regard;a friendly neighborhood;Question;10. 10.(TCO 12) Lola has not been able to control;her worries for the last 6 months, and complains of insomnia and;headaches. It is likely that Lola has _____.(Points: 5);panic attacks;generalized anxiety disorder;obsessive-compulsive disorder;hysteria;Question;11. 11.(TCO 12) Brenda has been up for days, and;forgot to pay the rent but is handing out money to the homeless in frigid;temperatures. When a police officer tries to talk to her about why she is;wearing only a thin t-shirt and pajamas in the cold, she rapidly answers;but her thoughts are flying from one idea to another. The police officer;would be correct in suspecting that Brenda has _____.(Points: 5);drug-induced multiple personalities;a personality disorder;a bipolar disorder;hypothermic shock;Question;12. 12.(TCO 12) Ellis' therapy emphasizes;irrational beliefs, which cause changes in maladaptive emotions.(Points: 5);identifying;uncovering;disputing;revealing;Question;13. 13.(TCO 12) A client just reports to his;therapist that he has cheated on his wife. The therapist refrains from;making any character judgments about his patient. This represents _____.(Points: 5);active listening;unconditional positive regard;genuineness;empathy;Question;14. 14.(TCO 13) The tendency to focus on the most;noticeable factors when explaining the cause of behavior is called the;bias.;(Points: 5);obvious;just noticeable difference;saliency;pseudo-reality;Question;15. 15.(TCO 13) Cognitive dissonance theory predicts;that after Lamar bought a Yugo instead of a Ford, he would _____. (Points: 5);regret his decision;complain about the Ford features he couldn't;get with his Yugo;notice the problems with his Yugo that he;ignored before;focus on the positive features of his Yugo;Essays;Question;1. 1.(TCO 7) Describe each of the following five;theories of forgetting, and include examples to illustrate each one: decay;theory, interference theory, motivated forgetting, encoding failure, and;retrieval failure theory. (6 points each) (Points: 30);2.(TCO;9) (a) Describe the three main components of emotional intelligence, and (b);give an example of how each component is essential for successful interactions;with others. (10 points each) (Points: 30);3.(TCO;11) In your own words, (a) give an overview of humanistic psychology?s theory;of personality (6 points). Also in your own words (b) describe and explain the;humanistic terms self-concept, congruence, unconditional positive regard, and;self-actualization. (6 points each) (Points: 30);4.(TCO;12) (a) Define group therapies (5 points), and (b) describe three advantages of;this kind of therapy (5 points). (c) Differentiate between group therapy;self-help groups and family therapy, and provide examples of when the latter;two therapies are most effective. (10 points for the differentiation and 10;points for the examples) (Points: 30);Question;5. 5.(TCO 13) In your own words (a) define aggression;(6 points), and (b) describe five biological factors (3 points each) and;three psychosocial factors that may contribute to its expression. (3 points;each)(Points;30)

 

Paper#60053 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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