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devry PSYC-110 Psychology week 1 homework

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Question;(TCO 1) Which of the following is a mental process?;Student Answer: Thinking;Feeling;Reading;Thinking and reading;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 4.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 2. Question;(TCO 2) Because Timothy was laughed at by his second grade;peers, he was reluctant to speak out in class. This is a demonstration of which;goal of psychology?;Student Answer: Describing;behavior;Explaining behavior;Predicting behavior;Changing behavior;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 5.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 3. Question;(TCO 1) A person who believes that genetics, chemical;imbalances in the brain, and hormonal imbalances are responsible for explaining;behavior takes the side of _____.;Student Answer;nature;nurture;INCORRECT both nature and nurture;cognitive influences;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 5.;Points Received: 0 of 2;Comments;Question 4. Question;(TCO 1) Which of the following psychological theorists is;most associated with the school of thought called structuralism?;Student Answer: Sigmund Freud;John Watson;Harry Sulliv;Edward Titchener;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 7.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 5. Question;(TCO 1) Dr. Watson, from the _____ school of psychology;focused on objective, observable behavior rather than on the unconscious.;Student Answer;behaviorism;cognitive;developmental;INCORRECT conditional;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 7.;Points Received: 0 of 2;Comments;Question 6. Question;(TCO 1) Behaviorists are MOST successful in treating _____.;Student Answer: neuroses of the;mind;observable behavior problems;low self esteem;psychotic disorders;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 7.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 7. Question;(TCO 1) The psychological perspective that emerged in the;1950s that stressed free will and self-actualization was the _____ perspective.;Student Answer: behavioral;cognitive;humanistic;psychodynamic;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 8.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 8. Question;(TCO 1) Biopsychologists emphasize _____.;Student Answer: that behavior is the result of;genetics and physiological processes occurring in the brain and nervous system;the belief that biology is destiny;the evolution of mental behavior;that the way to understand human behavior is;to first understand animal behavior;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 8.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 9. Question;(TCO 2) Basic research is BEST defined as research that;Student Answer: is basic to one;field only;advances scientific knowledge;is done to get a grade or a tenured teaching;position;solves basic problems encountered by humans;and animals in a complex world;Instruct/or Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 12.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 10. Question;(TCO 2) What stage of the scientific method would someone be;at if he or she makes a prediction that drinking alcohol will make people more;violent during a sporting event?;Student Answer: INCORRECT Developing a theory;Forming a testable hypothesis;Designing a study;Reviewing the literature of existing theories;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 13.;Points Received: 0 of 2;Comments;Question 11. Question;(TCO 2) Debriefing is _____.;Student Answer: interviewing;subjects after a study to find out what they were thinking during their;participation;explaining the purpose of the study;anticipated results, and deceptions used when the study is over;disclosing potential physical and emotional;risks, and the nature of the study prior to its beginning;interviewing subjects after a study to;determine whether any deceptions were effective in preventing them from;learning the true purpose of the study;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 14.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 12. Question;(TCO 2) Researchers can isolate a single factor and examine;the effect of that factor alone on a particular behavior through use of a(n);Student Answer;experiment;correlational study;biological study;descriptive study;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 16.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 13. Question;(TCO 2) A survey is a(n) _____.;Student Answer: experimental;technique for sampling a population's attitudes;research technique for assessing behaviors and;attitudes of a wide selection of people;noncorrelational research technique for;sampling a wide variety of populations;unreliable and invalid research technique;usually used by magazines and political or commercial pollsters;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 19.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 14. Question;(TCO 2) In an experiment to determine if rewards will;increase recycling efforts on campus, the dependent variable is _____.;Student Answer: rewards versus no;rewards;the amount of recycling done by students and;faculty on campus;the students who recycle;INCORRECT A and C;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 16.;Points Received: 0 of 2;Comments;Question 15. Question;(TCO 2) Ethnocentrism in research refers to _____.;Student Answer;the belief that a typical behavior in one's culture is typical of all cultures;a researcher's inflated sense of his or her;own research abilities;a central need to include people from all;races and cultures in an experiment;an attitude among researchers that their field;of study is more important than any other field;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, page 16.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 16. Question;(TCO 2) Which of the following is an example of a zero;correlation?;Student Answer: The relationship;between your grades and how much time you spend studying;The relationship between your alcohol;consumption and physical reaction time;INCORRECT The relationship between intensity of;rain and umbrella use;The relationship between your adult height and;intelligence;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 1, pages 16?17.;Points Received: 0 of 2;Comments;Question 17. Question;(TCO 3) If a trait is recessive, this means it will take;gene(s) for the trait to manifest itself in one's offspring.;Student Answer: 1 dominant;2 recessive;2 dominant;3 or more recessive;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 34.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 18. Question;(TCO 3) The three basic parts of the neuron can be likened;to an arm, where the fingers represent the _____, the palm of the hand;represents the _____, and the forearm represents the _____.;Student Answer: dendrites;myelin, axon terminal;somas, cell body, dendrite;receivers, generator, transmitter;dendrites, cell body, axon;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, pages 37?38.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 19. Question;(TCO 3) One important difference between a mylinated and;bare axon is _____.;Student Answe the neural impulse is faster in the mylinated;axon;the neural impulse is faster in the bare axon;only the bare axons have nodes;the bare axons are heavier;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 38.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 20. Question;(TCO 3) What part(s) of the cell receive incoming messages?;Student Answer: Axons and cell;body;Dendrites alone;Dendrites and cell body;Axons;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 38.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 21. Question;(TCO 3) An action potential is _____.;Student Answer: the likelihood;that a neuron will take action when stimulated;the tendency for a neuron to be potentiated by;neurotransmitters;a neural impulse that carries information;along the axon of a neuron;the firing of a nerve, either toward or away;from the brain;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 39.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 22. Question;(TCO 3) Endogenous opiates are called _____.;Student Answer: neurotransmitters;endorphins;morphine;curare;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 41.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 23. Question;(TCO 3) One of the hormones released by the adrenal glands;in response to stress is _____.;Student Answer;cortisol;serotonin;dopamine;GABA;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 43.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 24. Question;(TCO3) The peripheral nervous system _____.;Student Answer: is composed of;the spinal cord and peripheral nerves;is less important than the central nervous;system;is contained within the skull and spinal;column;includes all the nerves and neurons outside;the brain and spinal cord;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 44.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 25. Question;(TCO 3) The spinal cord is found inside the spinal column;and is involved in _____.;Student Answer: initiating;voluntary behavior;the release of hormones body;higher order cognitive functioning;coordinating reflexes;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 46.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 26. Question;(TCO 3) When a student raises her hand so that she can;answer a teacher's question, _____ division of the nervous system was;responsible for her hand going up.;Student Answer: central nervous;system;autonomic nervous system;somatic nervous system;parasympathetic nervous system;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 47.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 27. Question;(TCO 3) Which of the following is a reaction of the;sympathetic nervous system?;Student Answer: Decreased heart;rate;Decreased respiration;Release of hormones into the bloodstream;Increase digestive processes;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 48.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 28. Question;(TCO 3) Which of the following structures is a part of the;forebrain?;Student Answer;Hypothalamus;Medulla;Pons;Cerebellum;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 52.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments;Question 29. Question;(TCO 3) What is the part of the brain that is most likely;overactive in someone who suffers from panic disorder?;Student Answer;Amygdala;Thalamus;Pons;INCORRECT Hypothalamus;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 52.;Points Received: 0 of 2;Comments;Question 30. Question;(TCO 3) Abnormalities in which lobe are associated with;schizophrenia?;Student Answer: Parietal;Temporal;Occipital;Frontal;Instructor Explanation: See Chapter 2, page 54.;Points Received: 2 of 2;Comments

 

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