Question;Chapter 11;101. (p. 389) As medically defined, stillbirth refers to the death;of a child occurring between;A. the 20th week of pregnancy and birth.;B. conception and the 12th week of pregnancy.;C. the 12th week of pregnancy and birth.;D. birth and 28 days after birth.;102. (p. 403-404) Of the following factors, the one LEAST likely to;influence the outcome of spousal bereavement is the;A. age of the surviving spouse.;B. involvement of the couple's children.;C. gender of the surviving spouse.;D. quality of medical and nursing staff.;103. (p. 388) A major source of conflict among bereaved couples in;coping with the death of a child relates to;A. differences in beliefs and expectations.;B. the cause of the child's death.;C. their view of themselves as a couple.;D. their view of themselves as parents.;104. (p. 387-388) Which of the following statements are TRUE about;parental bereavement in couples?;1. A feeling of estrangement and a strong bond can occur between the parents at;the same time.;2. A partner's behavior can be misinterpreted by the other and can cause;conflict.;3. Different grieving styles may decrease the couple's sense of commonality.;4. Urging each other to be strong in public is an important component of;getting past the grieving phase and into the healing phase of bereavement.;A. 1, 2 and 3;B. 1, 2 and 4;C. 1, 3 and 4;D. 2, 3 and 4;105. (p. 391) A parent's attachment to a child begins;A. when the child can speak and communicate.;B. once the child develops a unique personality.;C. before the child is born.;D. during the delivery of the child.;106. (p. 408) The elderly tend to be more;A. monotonous than other age groups.;B. individually distinct than other age groups.;C. carefree than other age groups.;D. active than other age groups.;107. (p. 385) During the stage of psychosocial development termed;young adulthood," the conflict to be resolved involves;A. generativity and stagnation.;B. integrity and despair.;C. trust and autonomy.;D. intimacy and isolation.;108. (p. 408) Which of the following are reasons given by aged;people for accepting death?;1. Death is preferable to inactivity.;2. Death is preferable to becoming a burden.;3. Death is preferable to living alone.;4. Death is preferable to loss of mental faculties.;A. 1, 2 and 3;B. 1, 2 and 4;C. 1, 3 and 4;D. 2, 3 and 4;109. (p. 394) For newly bereaved parents of a stillborn child, their;recovery from grief is aided by;A. removing the stillborn as quickly as possible.;B. seeing and holding the baby.;C. signing the death certificate and avoiding the child.;D. taking home the baby's remains.;110. (p. 390) Giving up a child for adoption is an example of;A. emotional stress.;B. philanthropy.;C. reproductive loss.;D. cruel parenting.;Chapter 12;111. (p. 442) Of the individuals who commit suicide, approximately;what percentage write suicide notes?;A. 10 percent;B. 25 percent;C. 45 percent;D. 65 percent;112. (p. 421) The largest mass suicide in modern times occurred in;A. Jonestown, Guyana.;B. New Delhi, India.;C. Poznan, Poland.;D. Tokyo, Japan.;113. (p. 418) Which of the following are limitations of the;psychological autopsy?;1. retrospective nature;2. the individual of interest is not available for examination;3. over abundance of standardized procedures;4. third-party informants may distort representations of the decedent for a;variety of reasons;A. 1, 2 and 3;B. 1, 2 and 4;C. 1, 3 and 4;D. 2, 3 and 4;114. (p. 440-441) According to a study of suicide notes, which of the;following was a critical factor cited by individuals who used an;active" or graphic method of attempting suicide?;A. rejection;B. depression;C. substance abuse;D. alienation;115. (p. 441) According to the ranking of lethality given in the text;which of the following methods is the LEAST likely to result in suicide?;A. drowning;B. cutting;C. gunshot;D. poison;116. (p. 437) A mutual arrangement wherein two or more individuals;decide to kill themselves at the same time is known as a;A. cluster suicide.;B. mass extermination.;C. suicide pact.;D. group suicide.;117. (p. 417) A psychological autopsy is;A. an individual's perspective of death.;B. an individual's attitude toward death.;C. a method of determining how a person feels about death.;D. a method of determining a person's thoughts and feelings prior to death.;118. (p. 432) Brian Barry's description of pro-life forces includes;all of the following EXCEPT;A. a belief that problems can promote growth.;B. a belief that problems are inherently unsolvable.;C. a willingness to struggle.;D. the fear of death.;119. (p. 416) Coroners tend to list suicide as the cause of death;A. in most cases.;B. only when a separate and distinct cause cannot be determined.;C. only when circumstances unequivocally justify such a determination.;D. when they believe that foul play was involved.;120. (p. 431) Which of the following are considered risk factors that;influence suicidal behaviors?;1. culture;2. personality;3. group situation;4. biological factors;A. 1, 2 and 3;B. 1, 2 and 4;C. 1, 3 and 4;D. 2, 3 and 4;Chapter 13;121. (p. 476) Which of the following types of media played a;particularly vital role in the acquisition and exchange of information;following the World Trade Center attack on September 11?;A. radio;B. Internet;C. television;D. newspaper;122. (p. 473) Which of the following statements support a negative;response in treating terrorism as war?;1. War is generally defined as a state of usually open and declared armed;hostile conflict between states or nations.;2. War is designed to attract attention and generate widespread fear.;3. War is generally viewed as an activity conducted according to socially;recognized rules.;4. War is aimed to destroy the sense of security people normally feel in;familiar places.;A. 1 and 2;B. 1 and 3;C. 2 and 3;D. 2 and 4;123. (p. 462) Studies show violence is reduced when;A. early curfews obeyed.;B. social interaction is kept at a minimum.;C. handgun laws are enforced.;D. communities work together to create a safe and orderly environment.;124. (p. 456-456) When someone involved in a high-risk sport suffers;an accident and dies, others in that sport often talk about how the deceased;failed to take adequate precautions. Why?;A. This explanation enables others to continue in the sport while not focusing;on the inherent dangers of the activity.;B. This explanation allows others to continue with the sport realizing that an;accident could also happen to them.;C. This explanation allows others to rethink the sport and consider ways to;improve upon its safety.;D. This explanation prevents others from thinking about the individual, so they;can continue to focus on the activity and its dangers.;125. (p. 470) In his classic work, On War, Karl von;Clausewitz, defined war as;A. hell.;B. the continuation of political policy by other means.;C. a condition of hostilities between two opposing forces.;D. a struggle between two nations where lives are lost.;126. (p. 470) War creates a "phantom army" composed of;A. civilians who are caught in the middle of combat.;B. patriots and older veterans who cheer on the troops.;C. politicians and media pundits who generate hatred for the enemy and desire;for victory.;D. spouses, children, and parents who serve at home.;127. (p. 458) In what fraction of all murders is a gun used?;A. one-quarter;B. one-third;C. one-half;D. two-thirds;128. (p. 464) According to studies by the International Red Cross;what percentage of casualties in modern warfare are civilians rather than;military combatants?;A. 20 percent;B. 40 percent;C. 70 percent;D. 90 percent;129. (p. 468) Genocide involves the effort to;A. determine the biological roots of violence.;B. destroy an entire nation or human group.;C. eradicate social practices that favor violence.;D. modify genetic factors that cause violence.;130. (p. 467) In combat situations, most soldiers are motivated to;fight because of their;A. will to survive.;B. sense of camaraderie.;C. sense of patriotism.;D. desire to be heroic.;Chapter 14;131. (p. 502) According to Islamic tradition, the angelic beings;Munkar and Nakir;A. punish wrongdoers with death.;B. interrogate the deceased.;C. represent the devil.;D. inspire the deceased's family.;132. (p. 519) With respect to care of the dying, why does one need to;be cautious about accepting a rosy view about the meaning of near-death;experiences?;A. Dying persons need attention and concern in their present circumstances.;B. Discussing near-death experiences may cause unnecessary fear in the dying;patient.;C. Research proves that near-death experiences are merely hallucinations.;D. Discussing near-death experiences gives a false sense of hope to the dying.;133. (p. 495) The Hebrew word She'ol refers to;A. the underworld of the dead.;B. hell.;C. heaven.;D. everlasting life.;134. (p. 496) The ancient Hebrews viewed the notion of human;personhood as an;A. incarnated soul.;B. existent phenomenon.;C. entity that will be reincarnated.;D. animated body.;135. (p. 506) The religious traditions of Hinduism and Buddhism both;emphasize;A. death as negative and life as positive.;B. teachings about transmigration of the soul.;C. death and life as irreconcilable opposites.;D. teachings about the absence of an afterlife.;136. (p. 506) Nirvana literally means;A. liberation.;B. deification.;C. elimination.;D. extinction.;137. (p. 516) Psychoanalytic pioneer Oskar Pfister attributed the;near-death experiences of skiers and climbers to;A. psychological defense mechanisms.;B. the Oedipal complex.;C. separation anxiety experienced in childhood.;D. beliefs in God and eternal bliss.;138. (p. 499) In Christian beliefs, the intermediate state where an;opportunity for purification is offered to eliminate any remaining personal;obstacles to the full enjoyment of eternal union with God is called;A. Hades.;B. Polis.;C. Purgatory.;D. Koan.;139. (p. 495) The ancient Hebrews praised righteous conduct because;A. it guarantees future rewards for the individual.;B. it leads to harmony in the present life.;C. they feared eternal damnation.;D. they feared the physical pain of dying.;140. (p. 510) What percentage of Americans say they believe in life;after death?;A. 60 percent;B. 70 percent;C. 80 percent;D. 90 percent;Chapter 15;141. (p. 543) The shoe advertisement shown in the text is used to;illustrate;A. how death is a universal concept.;B. how death is socially acceptable.;C. death imagery in advertising design.;D. how distasteful some advertising can be.;142. (p. 545) In ancient Greece, it was considered exceptional luck to;die;A. during childhood.;B. at a very old age.;C. at the peak of creativity.;D. during a self-chosen time of solitude.;143. (p. 527-529) Which of the following advantages are gained by;studying death and dying?;1. It sheds light on past experiences with loss.;2. It helps individuals dissipate feelings of guilt or blame.;3. It helps individuals avoid the severe pain of grief.;4. It opens up unexpressed and unresolved grief.;A. 1, 2 and 3;B. 1, 2 and 4;C. 1, 3 and 4;D. 2, 3 and 4;144. (p. 541) The premise of Kit Reed's story, "Golden;Acres," is that;A. people should enjoy relaxed, leisurely lives in their old age.;B. elderly people prefer to live in rural, rather than urban, environments.;C. elderly people occupy a large proportion of the population and overcrowding;may lead to life-or-death decisions.;D. people should be allowed to die a natural death in familiar surroundings;when they reach the end of their lifespan.;145. (p. 539) In Japan, high-rise cemeteries exist because;A. people prefer to be buried, not cremated.;B. burial space is subject to strict zoning laws.;C. people prefer modern burial accommodations.;D. burial space in large cities is at a premium.;146. (p. 547) Which of the following are included in the concept of an;appropriate death?;1. relative absence of pain;2. adequate human resources;3. resolution of conflicts;4. long life;A. 1, 2 and 3;B. 1, 2 and 4;C. 1, 3 and 4;D. 2, 3 and 4;147. (p. 530) According to David Balk, to bridge the gap between;researchers and practitioners, we need;A. a dynamic exchange between theory and practice that makes research a useful;form of gaining knowledge.;B. a step-by-step progression rather than a dynamic process.;C. to eliminate the "cultural split" between thanatologists and;therapists.;D. to get practitioners to read the literature produced by the researchers.;148. (p. 533) Dan Leviton and William Wendt characterize;large-scale, premature, human-caused, and unnecessary death as;A. heroic.;B. tragic.;C. horrendous.;D. gripping.;149. (p. 532) The curricula of death education and standards for;measuring outcome are;A. still being defined.;B. impossible to define adequately.;C. well-defined, but difficult to measure.;D. well-defined and easy to measure.;150. (p. 544) An extremely casual attitude toward death may;A. result from investigation and study.;B. result from an NDE.;C. show a deeper acceptance.;D. mask a more subtle denial.
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