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Homework 7




Question;17. (AM#21) What;is the correlation between the Control-In and Control-Out scores? (relevant section);18.;(AM#22) Would you expect the correlation between the Anger-Out and Control-Out scores;to be positive or negative? Compute this correlation. (relevant section &relevant section);18. (AM#23) Find;the regression line for predicting Anger-Out from Control-Out.;(a) What is the;slope?;(b) What is the intercept?;(c) Is the relationship at least approximately linear?;(d) Test to see if the slope is significantly different from 0.;(e) What is the standard error of the estimate?;Case Study Angry Moods;Research conducted by: Emily Zitek and;Mindy Ater, Rice UniversityCase study prepared by: Emily ZitekOverview;People have different ways of improving their mood when angry. We have all seen;people punch a wall when mad, and indeed, previous research has indicated that;some people aggress to improve their mood (Bushman, Baumeister & Phillips;2001). What do the top athletes do when angry? Striegel (1994) found that anger;often hurts an athlete?s performance and that capability to control anger is;what makes good athletes even better. This study adds to the past research and;examines the difference in ways to improve an angry mood by gender and sports;participation.;The;participants were 78 Rice University undergraduates, ages 17 to 23. Of these 78;participants, 48 were females and 30 were males and 25 were athletes and 53;were non-athletes. People who did not play a varsity or club sport were;considered non-athletes. The 13 contact sport athletes played soccer, football;rugby, or basketball, and the 12 non-contact sport athletes participated in;Ultimate Frisbee, baseball, tennis, swimming, volleyball, crew, or dance.;The participants were asked to respond to a questionnaire that asked about what;they do to improve their mood when angry or furious. Then they filled out a;demographics questionnaire.;Note:This study used the most recent version of the State-Trait;Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI-2) (Spielberger, Sydeman, Owen & Marsh;1999) which was modified to create an Angry Mood Improvement Inventory similar;to that created by Bushman et al. (2001).;Questions to Answer;Do athletes and non-athletes deal with anger in the same way? Are there any;gender differences? Specifically, are men more likely to believe that;aggressive behavior can improve an angry mood? Design Issues;This study has an extremely unbalanced design. There were a lot more;non-athletes than athletes in the sample. In the future, more athletes should;be used. This study originally wanted to look at contact and non-contact;athletes separately, but there were not enough participants to do this. Future;studies could look at this. Descriptions of Variables;Variable;Description;Sports;1 = athletes, 2 = non-athletes;Gender;1 = males, 2 = females;Anger-Out (AO);high scores demonstrate that;people deal with anger by expressing it in a verbally or physically;aggressive fashion;Anger-In;(AI);high scores demonstrate that;people experience anger but do not express it (suppress their anger);Control-Out (CO);high scores demonstrate that;people control the outward expression of angry feelings;Control-In (CI);high scores demonstrate that;people control angry feelings by calming down or cooling off;Expression (AE);index of general anger expression;(Anger-Out) + (Anger-In) - (Control-Out) - (Control-In) + 48;Note: Description of the items comes from;Spielberger et al. (1999).;References;Bushman;B.J., Baumeister, R.F. & Phillips, C.M. (2001). Do people aggress to;improve their mood? Catharsis beliefs, affect regulation opportunity, and;aggressive responding. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(1);17-32.;Spielberger;C. D., Sydeman, S. J., Owen, A. E., Marsh, B. J. (1999). Measuring anxiety;and anger with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the State-Trait;Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI). In M. E. Maruish (Ed.), The use of;psychological testing for treatment planning and outcomes assessment (2nd;ed., pp. 993-1021). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.;Striegel;D. (1994). Anger in tennis: Part 2. Effects of anger on performance, coping;with anger, and using anger to one?s benefit. Journal of Performance;Psychology, 2, 56-92.


Paper#60443 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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