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Strayer MAT540 week 8 homework




Question;MAT540;Week;8 Homework;Chapter 4;14.;Grafton Metalworks Company produces metal alloys from six different ores it;mines. The company has an order from a;customer to produce an alloy that contains four metals according to the;following specifications: at least 21%;of metal A, no more than 12% of metal B, no more than 7% of metal C and between;30% and 65% of metal D. The proportion;of the four metals in each of the six ores and the level of impurities in each;ore are provided in the following table;Ore;Metal (%);Impurities (%);Cost/Ton;A;B;C;D;1;19;15;12;14;40;27;2;43;10;25;7;15;25;3;17;0;0;53;30;32;4;20;12;0;18;50;22;5;0;24;10;31;35;20;6;12;18;16;25;29;24;When the metals are processed and refined, the;impurities are removed.;The company wants to know the amount of each ore;to use per ton of the alloy that will minimize the cost per ton of the alloy.;a.;Formulate a linear programming model;for this problem.;b.;Solve the model by using the computer.;19.;As a result of a recently passed bill, a congressman?s district has been;allocated $4 million for programs and projects.;It is up to the congressman to decide how to distribute the money. The congressman has decided to allocate the;money to four ongoing programs because of their importance to his district ? a;job training program, a parks project, a sanitation project, and a mobile;library. However, the congressman wants;to distribute the money in a manner that will please the most voters, or, in;other words, gain him the most votes in the upcoming election. His staff?s estimates of the number of votes;gained per dollar spent for the various programs are as follows.;Program;Votes/ Dollar;Job training;0.02;Parks;0.09;Sanitation;0.06;Mobile library;0.04;In order also to satisfy several local influential citizens who financed;his election, he is obligated to observe the following guidelines;?;None of the programs can receive more than 40% of the total allocation.;?;The amount allocated to parks cannot exceed the total allocated to both the;sanitation project and the mobile library;?;The amount allocated to job training must at least equal the amount spent;on the sanitation project.;Any money not spent in the district will be returned to the government;therefore, the congressman wants to spend it all. The congressman wants to know the amount to;allocate to each program to maximize his votes.;a.;Formulate a linear programming model for this problem.;b. Solve the model by using the;computer.;20.;Anna Broderick is the dietician for the State University football team, and;she is attempting to determine a nutritious lunch menu for the team. She has set the following nutritional;guidelines for each lunch serving;?;Between 1,500 and 2,000 calories;?;At least 5 mg of iron;?;At least 20 but no more than 60 g of fat;?;At least 30 g of protein;?;At least 40 g of carbohydrates;?;No more than 30 mg of cholesterol;She selects the menu from seven basic food items, as follows, with the;nutritional contributions per pound and the cost as given;Calories;(per lb.);Iron;(mg/lb.);Protein;(g/lb.);Carbo-hydrates;(g/lb.);Fat (g/lb.);Chol-esterol;(mg/lb.);Cost;$/lb.;Chicken;520;4.4;17;0;30;180;0.80;Fish;500;3.3;85;0;5;90;3.70;Ground beef;860;0.3;82;0;75;350;2.30;Dried beans;600;3.4;10;30;3;0;0.90;Lettuce;50;0.5;6;0;0;0;0.75;Potatoes;460;2.2;10;70;0;0;0.40;Milk (2%);240;0.2;16;22;10;20;0.83;The dietician wants to select a menu to meet the nutritional guidelines;while minimizing the total cost per serving.;a.;Formulate a linear programming model for this problem.;b.;Solve the model by using the computer;c. If a serving of each of the;food items (other than milk) was limited to no more than a half pound, what;effect would this have on the solution?;22.;The Cabin Creek Coal (CCC) Company operates three mines in Kentucky and;West Virginia, and it supplies coal to four utility power plants along the East;Coast. The cost of shipping coal from;each mine to each plant, the capacity at each of the three mines and the demand;at each plant are shown in the following table;Plant;Mine;1;2;3;4;Mine Capacity;(tons);1;$ 7;$ 9;$10;$12;220;2;9;7;8;12;170;3;11;14;5;7;280;Demand (tons);110;160;90;180;The cost of mining and processing coal is $62 per ton at mine 1, $67 per ton at mine 2, and $75 per ton at mine 3. The percentage of ash and sulfur content per;ton of coal at each mine is as follows;Mine;% Ash;% Sulfur;1;9;6;2;5;4;3;4;3;Each plant has different cleaning equipment. Plant 1 requires that the coal it receives;have no more than 6% ash and 5% sulfur, plant 2 coal can have no more than 5%;ash and sulfur combined, plant 3 can have no more than 5% ash and 7% sulfur;and plant 4 can have no more than 6% ash and sulfur combined. CCC wabts to determine the amount of coal;to produce at each mine and ship to its customers that will minimize its total;cost.;a.;Formulate a linear programming model for this problem.;b.;Solve this model by using the computer.;36.;Joe Henderson runs a small metal parts shop. The shop contains three;machines ? a drill press, a lathe, and a grinder. Joe;has three operators, each certified to work on all three machines. However, each operator performs better on;some machines than on others. The shop;has contracted to do a big job that requires all three machines. The times required by the various operators;to perform the required operations on each machine are summarized as;follows;Operator;Drill Press (min);Lathe (min);Grinder (min);1;23;18;35;2;41;30;28;3;25;36;18;Joe Henderson wants to assign one operator to each machine so that the topal;operating time for all three operators is minimized.;a.;Formulate a linear programming model for this problem.;b.;Solve the model by using the computer;c.;Joe?s brother, Fred, has asked him to hire his wife, Kelly, who is a;machine operator. Kelly can perform each;of the three required machine operations in 20 minutes. Should Joe hire his sister-in-law?;43.;The Cash and Carry Building Supply Company has received the following order;for boards in three lengths;Length;Order (quantity);7 ft.;700;9 ft.;1,200;10 ft.;300;The company has 25-foot standard-length boards in stock. Therefore, the standard-length boards must be;cut into the lengths necessary to meet order requirements. Naturally, the company wishes to minimize the;number of standard-length boards used.;a.;Formulate a linear programming model for this problem.;b.;Solve the model by using the computer;c.;When a board is cut in a specific pattern, the amount of board left over is;referred to as ?trim-loss.? Reformulate the linear programming model for this;problem, assuming that the objective is to minimize trim loss rather than to;minimize the total number of boards used, and solve the model. How does this affect the solution?


Paper#60720 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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