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25 multiple choice questions




Question;1) To make meaningful causal inferences when;conducting quantitative analyses, one must employ??;A. T-Tests;and Analysis of Variance methods;B. Random;assignment of participants to treatment and control conditions;C. Parametric;methods of analysis robust in relationship to violation of basic;assumptions;D. Dummy;coding when using regression models;2) Parametric procedures of quantitative;analysis make an underlying assumption that??;A. The;variables are measured at least at an ordinal level;B. The;underlying distribution of data is approximately normal;C. All;responses are measured in a mutually exclusive manner;D. Dichotomous;variables have been ?smoothed?;3) A well known non-parametric analysis;procedure for working with nominal levels of measurement where only;frequencies (counts) and reflected in the formula??;A. Pearson;r;B. Chi;Square;C. Chronbach?s;Alpha;D. Spearman?s;Rho;4) Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) results in;the calculation of the F Statistic and interpretation of this statistic will;inform you as to??;A. How;the variables are associated with each other;B. How;many means differ significantly from the ?Grand Mean?;C. Whether;one or more of the means is significantly different from one or more of the;others in the study;D. Which;mean significantly differs from others;5) A quantitative analysis method which;aggregates a number of (similar) individual studies into a large data set;from which to compute an over all ?effect size? (based on similar study;procedures and treatments) is commonly known as??;A. Survival;analysis;B. Confirmatory;factor analysis;C. Principal;components analysis;D. Meta-Analysis;6) The number of scores that are free to;vary when estimating a population parameter from a sample is known as??;A. Degrees;of Evidence;B. Essential;Components Analysis (ECA);C. Degrees;of Freedom;D. Dichotomous;Variables;7) A quantitative analytical procedure used;to evaluate (test) for the difference between two or more group means, is;commonly known as??;A. Regression;B. Chi;Square;C. Partial;Correlation;D. Analysis;of Variance;8) To make causal inferences from observed;differences between groups based on varied levels of treatment, it is;necessary to??;A. Use;T-test or ANOVA procedures to conduct the analysis;B. Have;random assignment of participants to treatment levels and control;conditions as a basis of design, prior to conducting analyses;C. Deploy;at least a quasi-experimental design;D. Find;significant differences between groups at at-least the.05 level;9) Decision rules in quantitative analysis;are set by??;A. Mentors;B. Deans;C. Researchers;D. Conventional;Wisdom;10) Structural Equation Modeling involves;subcomponent analysis characteristics of both??;A. ANOVA;and Kruskal-Wallis procedures;B. ANOVA;and ANCOVA;C. Regression;and Factor Analysis;D. T-Tests;and Correlations;11) In ?Regression Analysis? the Multiple R;Squared ?R2? may be interpreted as??;A. The;standard deviation of the dependent variable;B. The;correlation between the predictor variables;C. The;?F ratio? associated with the difference between means;D. The;percentage of variance explained in the response variable by knowing the;values of the combined predictor variables;12) A study that uses a combination of;qualitative and quantitative methods to study a particular topic or area is;known as??;A. Mixed;Methods Research;B. Common;Analytical Procedures;C. Factorial;Design Research;D. Principal;Components Research;13) A procedure in regression analysis where;Predictor or Independent Variables are coded as 1 or 0 (representing;categories) and can be used to produce ANOVA Tables under the General Linear;Model is known as??;A. Survival;coding;B. Bi-variate;coding;C. Mixed;coding;D. Dummy;coding;14) The ?standard deviation of the sample;score? divided by the ?square root of the sample size? is the formula for;computing the?? (i.e.,);A. Variance;B. Absolute;Deviation;C. Standard;Error;D. Coefficient;of Determination;15) A conservative correction method for;inflated ?Alpha values? based on multiple comparisons being carried out;independently on a specific data set, is known as??;A. Tukey?s;honestly significant differences (HSD);B. Post;Hoc testing;C. Bonferroni;correction;D. Ad;Hoc testing;16) The circumstance where the Null;Hypothesis is rejected when it is actually true is known as??;A. Experimental;incongruence;B. Mundane;realism;C. Type;II Error;D. Type;I Error;17) A procedure for interpreting where a;?true score? in a distribution falls on a basis of probability within a;defined range is known as??;A. Reliability;bands;B. Probabilistic;projection;C. Maximum;likelihood;D. Confidence;intervals;18) In ANOVA, the ?error variance? is;typically reflected in??;A. Between;group variance;B. Within;group associations;C. Within;group variance;D. Between;group differences;19) When conducting an inferential;statistical analysis, and applying a conventional ?critical p- value? of.05;the odds of making a Type I Error and ?rejecting a true Null Hypothesis? is??;A. 1;in 10;B. 1;in 20;C. 1;in 100;D. 1;in 30;20) In conducting multiple regression;analyses (MRAs), a major technical concern involves any high correlation of;predictor (regressor) variables included in the model. The term for this is??;A. Close;?knit? IVs;B. Multicollinearity;C. Correlative;dysfunction;D. Redundant;predictors;21) All ?Factorial ANOVAs? share the;characteristic of??;A. Having;two or more independent variables;B. Relying;on post hoc procedures to reject the Null Hypothesis;C. Applying;corrections for multiple comparisons;D. Having;one dependent variable;22) Under conditions where a large sample is;used in experimental research, and ?power? of a statistical test is;maximized, it is possible to have statistically significant results, yet a;fairly small??;A. Set;of assumptions;B. Ethical;concern;C. Standard;Deviation;D. Effect;size;23) Most basic forms of quantitative;analysis look at __________ and __________ among groups as measured on;specified sets of variables.;A. Commonality;functionality;B. Specifics;generality;C. Associations;differences;D. Inferences;explanations;24) Nonparametric procedures for;quantitative analyses tend to be??;A. Less;powerful in detecting significant differences than parametric procedures;B. More;powerful in detecting significant differences than parametric procedures;C. More;dependent on the shape of distributions than parametric procedures;D. Equally;powerful in detecting significant differences than parametric procedures;25) Time to event analyses involve the;analysis of time differences from onset to termination event for cases;included in a study and exposed to different conditions or treatments. The;common name for this analysis is??;A. Survival;analysis;B. Meta;Analysis;C. Principal;components analysis;D. Confirmatory;factor analysis


Paper#61506 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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