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25 multiple choice questions




Question;1) It is extremely important to establish;the appropriate level of measurement for variables being measured in a study;because level of measurement impacts??;A. How;long the study will run;B. How;often measurements should be made;C. The;number of participants that must be recruited;D. The;assumptions underlying the quantitative methods of analysis chosen;2) The principle of ?parsimony? in research;may be reflected in measurement efforts by??;A. Selecting;long and complex measurement strategies to ensure full coverage;B. Rejecting;operational definitions that are too ?concrete?;C. Selecting;accurate and effective measurement strategies that are as brief as possible;D. Specifying;intricate algorithms for data collection so phenomena complexity is;preserved;3) The more intrusive the measurement, of a;physical or psychological construct in human participants is, the greater the;concerns.;A. Cost;B. Procedural;effectiveness;C. Analytical;D. Ethical;4) The calculation of Chronbach?s;?Coefficient Alpha? would observe lower results when the content of the;instrument is more??;A. Operationally;defined;B. Externally;Valid;C. Homogeneous;D. Heterogeneous;5) Methods of measurement where participants;becoming aware of those measurements, actually alter their responses or;behaviors are known as??;A. Ethically;volatile;B. Second;generation;C. Reactive;D. Fuzzy;focused;6) A __________ establishes a quantitative;means to measure a defined construct by using assigned values as a basis to;quantify observations and participant responses.;A. Algorithm;B. Non-biased;procedure;C. Protocol;D. Scale;7) To approximate a normal distribution of;scores and support parametric forms of quantitative analysis, variables must;be measurable at the __________ level or above.;A. Concrete;B. Interval;C. Ordinal;D. Categorical;8) The circumstance of a particular;construct being measured by two different sets of items held to be equivalent;in representing the construct, is known as??;A. Generalizability;B. Personal;bias;C. Alternate;Forms Reliability;D. Predictive;Validity;9) A form of validity that may be measured;by being uncorrelated with measures focused on distinctly different;constructs, is known as??;A. Face;Validity;B. Foundational;Validity;C. Concurrent;Validity;D. Discriminant;Validity;10) Interval scales of measurement have;equal distances between points, but lack??;A. Operational;definitions;B. Absolute;zero points;C. External;validity;D. Internal;consistency;11) A ?Nominal Scale? can only be used to??;A. Put;things in a particular order;B. Place;things into descriptive categories;C. Making;things appear to be above or below zero;D. Establish;a particular ?Most? to ?Least? order of relationship;12) Surveys, interviews and questionnaires;all focus on??;A. Observed;behavior;B. Archival;data;C. Self-Report;Measures;D. Expert;ratings;13) The extent to which measures of a;construct in your instrument are related to other measures of the same;construct, is known as??;A. Convergent;Validity;B. Content;Validity;C. Construct;Validity;D. Criterion;Validity;14) A means of determining the agreement;among judges or raters when a given set of these are assessing or evaluating;a particular defined and observed phenomenon (e.g., performance of;participants on a given behavioral task).;A. Test-Retest;Reliability;B. Interrater;Reliability;C. Judge/Rater;Validity of Circumstance (J/R VC);D. Split-half;reliability;15) The level of measurement that has equal;distance between scale points, an absolute zero and can be subject to all;arithmetic operations is??;A. Nominal;B. Ratio;C. Ordinal;D. Interval;16) The four basic ?levels of measurement?;are??;A. Category;rating, scale, numerical;B. Nominal;Ordinal, Interval, Ratio;C. Continuous;Dichotomous, Symmetrical, Non-Symmetrical;D. Direct;Indirect, intrusive, non-intrusive;17) In general terms, the consistency or;dependability of a measurement technique is known as??;A. Validity;B. Reliability;C. Generalizability;D. Trustworthiness;18) The extent to which a measurement;strategy actually measures a definable theoretical construct or trait is know;as;A. Internal;Validity;B. External;consistency;C. Construct;Validity;D. Criterion;Validity;19) Uncontrolled variance that distorts;scores and observations so that these no longer accurately represent the;construct in question or being studied is known as??;A. Measurement;error;B. Validation;failure;C. Fluctuating;bias;D. Non-specific;distortion algorithms;20) A major characteristic of quantitative;measurement instruments that greatly influences how we evaluate internal;consistency of the instrument is??;A. Content;heterogeneity versus homogeneity;B. Content;volume;C. Content;criterion;D. Content;inclusions beyond elemental concepts;21) When a measure is compared to an outside;criterion that will be measured in the future, it is know as??;A. Predictive;Validity;B. Content;Validity;C. Concurrent;Validity;D. Specific;Validity;22) The relevance of a measurement;instrument or strategy to the construct one is attempting to measure is known;as??;A. Concurrent;Validity;B. Internal;Consistency;C. Content;Validity;D. Predictive;Validity;23) Establishing clear __________ is;critical to developing clear and accurate measurement strategies.;A. Paths;to success;B. Natural;focus;C. Operational;definitions;D. Conceptual;determinations;24) The more reliable a measurement;instrument, the more accurately it should estimate a participant?s;in relationship to the construct being measured (e.g., intelligence).;A. Heterogeneity;B. Persistence;C. Resolve;and Commitment;D. True;Score;25) The extent to which a particular;instrument and the constituent items making up the instrument appear to;measure the construct(s) being measured, is known as??;A. Discriminant;Validity;B. Convergent;Validity;C. Face;Validity;D. Foundational;Validity


Paper#61620 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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