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Radel and colleagues (2011)

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Question;Radel;and colleagues (2011) conducted a study of how feeling overly controlled makes;you desire?even unconsciously?more freedom. In their study, 52 Canadian;undergraduates played a video game in a laboratory and were randomly assigned;to either;An;autonomy deprivation condition, in which they were told to follow instructions;precisely, constantly given instructions over a loudspeaker, and carefully;observed on everything they did.a;neutral condition, which was much more laid back.;After this activity, they were;asked to do a ?lexical decision task? (a standard approach for measuring;unconscious responses) in which they were shown a series of words and non words;in random order and had to press ?C? if it was a real word or ?N? if not. Half;of the real words were related to autonomy (e.g., freedom, choice) and half;were neutral (e.g., whisper, hammer). The key focus of the study was on how;long it took people to press the button *(?response latency?) for each kind of;real word, averaged over the many words of each type. The table below shows the;mean and standard deviation across the participants of these four categories of;results. Thus, for example, 782 milliseconds (thousandths of a second) is the;average time it took participants in the autonomy-deprived condition to respond;to the autonomy-related words, and 211 is the standard deviation across the 26;participants? average response time in that condition. Explain the numbers in;this table to a person who has never had a course in statistics. (Be sure to;explain some specific numbers, as well as the general principle of the mean and;standard deviation.) For your interest, the pattern of results shown here;supported the researchers? hypothesis: ?Relative to a neutral instructional;climate, a controlling climate thwarting the need for autonomy?enhanced;accessibility for autonomy-related words.? (p.924).;Mean Latencies (in Milliseconds) in the Lexical Task Assessing;Accessibility for Autonomy-Related Constructs (Experiment 1);Condition;Autonomy Deprivation;Neutral;Construct;M;SD;M;SD;Autonomy-related;words;782;211;857;243;Neutral words;835;258;841;301

 

Paper#61995 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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