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Question;Case Studies Weeks 1-4 Advanced Anatomy and PhysiologyName:Student ID#:Case Studies ?Instructions: Type your answers IN RED and use your textbook and other resources such as the ones listed below to help you answer the questions.Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy: http://www.merck.com/mmpe/index.htmlMedlinePlus: Medical Dictionary: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/mplusdictionary.htmlE-medicine from WebMD: http://emedicine.medscape.com/Case #1:Jim and Jane Magnolia have tried for years to conceive a child, with no success. So instead, they have decided to adopt a child. They have found a beautiful little girl named Emma who has been given up by her mother. The child, only two weeks old, was born at the mother?s home and has not received any medical attention beyond that given by EMS during the birth.1. Should the parents be particularly concerned with Emma?s lack of medical attention?2. What perinatal tests should Jim and Jane inquire about?3. Should Jim and Jane be concerned about PKU?4. What is PKU?5. How is PKU screened for?6. If Emma has PKU, what is the treatment?Case #2:Stacey fell down and hurt her knee two days ago. Today she is at the orthopedic surgeon?s office with her knee tender and extremely swollen. The physician tells Stacey that she needs to have the fluid drained from her knee and have an injection to reduce the inflammation. The fluid he drains is watery and bloody.1. What is the normal fluid in the knee joint?2. What is the clinical term for the bloody fluid the physician drained?3. How did this fluid form?4. Which signs of inflammation is Stacey clearly showing?5. When the physician gives the ?injection to reduce the inflammation,? what is likely in the injection?6. If the surgeon prescribes a nonselective COX inhibitor for the pain, how does it work?7. How is a selective COX-2 inhibitor different from a nonselective COX inhibitor?Case #3:In September of 2006 Chris Simms, quarterback of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers was rushed to the emergency room after a traumatic collision on the football field. Remarkably, Chris finished the game before going to the hospital. He presented with moderate abrasions to several areas of his body and severe upper left quadrant pain. After full workup it was determined that he had to have emergency surgery to remove his spleen. Fortunately, with modern medical advances, the spleen was removed laparoscopically. Chris lost five pints of blood prior to surgery.1. What is the name of the surgery to remove the spleen?2. How is laparoscopy different from normal surgery?3. What is the classification for the type of healing the abrasions will use to heal?4. What is the classification for the type of healing the surgical wounds will use to heal?5. Which wound will be most likely to produce scarring, the abrasions or surgical wounds?6. Why did Chris lose so much blood without any open wounds?Case #4:John, an obese 54-year-old Caucasian male, has gotten a recent yearly checkup at the doctor?s office. He was told that he has elevated blood pressure and several risk factors for atherosclerosis. His urinalysis showed glucosuria, and his LDL levels are elevated.1. What is the technical term for elevated blood pressure?2. What is an acceptable range for blood pressure for John?3. What is atherosclerosis?4. How are macrophages involved in the formation of atherosclerosis?5. Why is the glucosuria relevant?6. What are John?s apparent risk factors for atherosclerosis?7. What type of pharmacologic treatment would be recommended?8. What type of lifestyle therapy would be recommended?Case #5: Bill Anderson, a 60-year-old Caucasian male of normal build, presents in the emergency room with severely labored breathing. He reports progressively worsening shortness of breath over the past three days. He has been lethargic and has been just ?lying around? because of the shortness of breath. The patient also has hypertension and is sweating, but without fever. Upon examining the patient?s medical history, the emergency room doctor learns that Bill has multiple myeloma and has undergone several cycles of chemotherapy, including steroid and high dose thalidomide therapy. The emergency room doctor orders a chest X-ray and echocardiography.1. What is multiple myeloma?2. What side effects do multiple myeloma, chemotherapy, immobility, steroids, and thalidomide have in common that could be an issue here?3. The emergency room doctor suspects a fairly obvious problem, what condition is the doctor trying to confirm?4. Why is the echocardiogram important?5. How has the condition caused high blood pressure?6. Is the heart at risk of failing? If so, what side of the heart, and is it acute or chronic?7. What is the recommended therapy?Case #6:A 53-year-old woman of normal build is having her normal yearly checkup. She has a history of hypertension, arthritis, and skin rashes. Today her physician notices a diastolic murmur with a snap-like opening sound, as well as a systolic murmur. The physician asks the woman if she has ever had strep throat, even as a child.1. What heart valve typically has the diastolic murmur?2. What heart valve typically has the systolic murmur?3. What is the most common type of valvular stenosis?4. Why did the physician ask about strep throat?5. Is the arthritis relevant? Why/why not?6. Are the skin rashes relevant? Why/why not?7. Is the hypertension relevant? Why/why not?8. What is it that the physician suspects?9. What course of treatment is suggested?Case #7:Charles is a 56-year-old male who has smoked nearly a pack of cigarettes a day for about 30 years. Today he is having a cardiopulmonary stress test because he has been complaining of exercise-induced dyspnea that is alleviated by an inhaler. Charles will also be receiving the results of prior CBC and arterial blood gas readings. Charles coughs up some mucus before the test. After the test, Charles coughs violently and spits up blood.1. What is dyspnea?2. What is the cardiopulmonary stress test going to measure?3. Does the patient have risk factors for chronic bronchitis?4. Does the patient have risk factors for emphysema?5. What would you expect the values for spirometry, cardiac function, and lung elasticity (compliance) to show if this patient has chronic bronchitis?6. What would you expect the values for spirometry, cardiac function, and lung elasticity (compliance) to show if this patient has emphysema?7. Which presentation do you expect for Charles? Why?8. What do you expect the CBC and ABG results to show for this patient?Case #8:Sharon is visiting her doctor today, complaining of heartburn. She is a smoker and drinker. Upon taking a history the doctor learns that she and her friends often go out for margaritas and spicy foods, which intensifies the heartburn. However, the heartburn is there almost daily.1. What is the first and most obvious initial problem the doctor might suspect?2. What are Sharon?s warning signs for this problem?3. What type of therapy will likely be suggested?4. What type of therapy would be suggested if Sharon had the problem only with the spicy food, rather than daily?5. What problem might Sharon also have in her stomach?6. Would the same therapy work for this other problem in the stomach?Case #9:Heidi, a 43-year-old female, has been an avid triathlete for over 20 years. However, one of the consequences of her extreme athleticism is the chronic pain associated with her training and competition. Therefore, she has taken over-the-counter pain medication daily for years. Five days ago, in the final kick of a race, she rolled her ankle. As a result, she rested in bed for several days. Now she is weak, short of breath, and has general swelling of her entire body. She reports to the hospital and is admitted for renal failure.1. Did the competition five days ago contribute to the renal failure?2. Define interstitial nephritis.3. Did her chronic analgesic use contribute to the renal failure?4. Define rhabdomyolysis.5. How is rhabdomyolysis consistent with the facts in Heidi?s case?6. Since Heidi has gotten prompt medical attention, do you expect treatment to bring about a full recovery? Why/why not?Case #10:Richard is a 17-year-old male with type I diabetes mellitus. Today he presented to the emergency room with abdominal pain, weakness, lethargy, and rapid, deep respirations. He reports that he can?t remember if he took his insulin shot that day. The initial thought on triage is diabetic ketoacidosis.1. Define acidosis.2. What classification of acidosis is diabetic ketoacidosis?3. What is the name for the breathing patterns that Richard is having?4. Why is Richard breathing like this?5. What do you expect the arterial blood gas measurements to show for pH, carbon dioxide levels, and bicarbonate levels?6. What will the treatment be for Richard?ase Studies Weeks 5-7 Advanced Anatomy and PhysiologyName:Student ID#:Case Studies ?Instructions: Type your answers IN RED and use your textbook and other resources such as the ones listed below to help you answer the questions.Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy: http://www.merck.com/mmpe/index.htmlMedlinePlus: Medical Dictionary: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/mplusdictionary.htmlE-medicine from WebMD: http://emedicine.medscape.com/Case #1:A 60 year old man with long-standing type II diabetes that has been untreated with insulin is admitted to the hospital after reporting noticeably bloody urine. Bilaterally, he has no feeling in the bottoms of his feet and decreased sensitivity mid-shin, while sensation at the knees is normal. Upon examination the clinician notices that the patient?s lenses are cloudy, and the patient is having a difficult time reading his admissions paperwork. The patient?s blood pressure is also elevated.1. Why might this patient have blood in his urine?2. What other abnormalities would typically be found in such a patient?s urinalysis?3. What is causing the bilateral desensitization of the lower limbs?4. Why are this patient?s lenses cloudy?5. Why might this patient have difficulty reading his admissions papers?6. How is the elevated blood pressure related to the other symptoms?Case #2:Julie Turner, a 27 year old non-pregnant female, has grown increasingly anxious about changes in both her behavior and body recently. She consults her physician and complains of insomnia, gastrointestinal instability, feeling excited, and weight loss. She also reports that even though she has lost weight, her ?double chin? has not gone away. Upon examination, the physician notes that, while not pronounced, Julie?s eyes seem larger, and her reflexes are excitable. The physician decides to send Julie to an endocrinologist for a consultation.1. What does an endocrinologist specialize in?2. Define hyperthyroidism.3. Which of Julie?s signs an symptoms are compatible with hyperthyroidism?4. Does Julie show signs and symptoms specific to Grave?s disease?5. Why might Julie be mistakenly thinking she has a ?double chin??6. What is the doctor concerned with when they notices that Julie has ?large eyes??7. If Grave?s disease is confirmed, what is the most likely treatment?Case #3:George is a 50 year old man that had a severe motorcycle accident 12 years ago. As a result of the accident, George had one kidney and part of his small intestine removed because they were hemorrhaging. Immediately following recovery, George had some weight loss that he was told to expect because of malabsorption caused by having his intestine removed. George has never returned to work due to his injuries, and mostly sits inside and watches TV and reads. Recently, however, George broke his wrist trying to catch himself from falling. When he was examined, he was told that his bones had become weak.1. Define osteopenia and osteoporosis. Which does George seem to have?2. What is the most common type of fracture of the wrist in a person of George?s age?3. Explain how Vitamin D, calcidiol, and calcitriol are synthesized?4. How could George?s missing kidney be related to his decreased bone strength?5. How could George?s partial small intestine be related to his decreased bone strength?6. If George has a decreasing density of his bones due to his previous injuries, what is the classification of his condition?7. Could George?s lack of time outside be a factor in his weak bones?Case #4:Pete is a 250 lb man that played 15 years of professional football. Pete quit football at that age of 38 when his hips and knees became too painful to play. He has tried to manage the pain with OTC antiinflammatory drugs for the past 20 years. Now 58 years old, Pete has a severe limp on his right side and gone to the doctor in hopes to get stronger pain medication. His general doctor orders X-rays, which reveal bilateral narrowing of both hip and knee joints. The right acetabulum shows bony projections extending toward the femoral head.1. What does Pete suffer from?2. What are Pete?s risk factors?3. Explain whether or not the 20 years of OTC antiinflammatory medications has really helped anything?4. What are the bony projections of the acetabulum called?5. Does Pete need to see an orthopedic surgeon, or can the general doctor treat Pete?s condition?6. Is Pete a candidate for joint replacement surgery?Case #5: A 67 year old African-American male presents to his family physician for a checkup. It has been more than 5 years since his last checkup. A thorough examination including a digital rectal examination and history is unremarkable for a man of his age. The physician orders several different blood tests, including a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level.1. Why would a physician order several blood tests for a person with no apparent problems?2. Does this man have any risk factors for anything in particular?3. What is a digital rectal exam used to test for?4. Why is a PSA level an important test for this man?5. What would an elevated PSA level indicate?6. If this man has elevated PSA, how would it be treated?Case #6:A 26 year old women presents at the clinic with a complaint of infertility. She and her husband have tried unsuccessfully for over one year. She reports irregular menses since menarche at age 13. She has never been pregnant, and has always had Pap smears. She reports at least a dozen sexual partners and was treated for gonorrhea 6 years ago. He husband has had normal semen analysis results.1. What are the risk factors for female infertility?2. Which of these risk factors may be involved in this case?3. What hormone levels would be appropriate to ascertain?4. If the problem is a pituitary hormone imbalance, which hormone(s) might be involved?5. If the problem is an ovarian hormone imbalance, which hormone(s) might be involved?6. Define pelvic inflammatory disease.7. If a pelvic exam is performed and PID is involved, what might be noticed?8. How might laparoscopy be useful for a definitive diagnosis?Case #7:A 21 year old female presents to the ER complaining of lethargy, a stiff neck, and a headache. Initial examination reveals a high grade fever, sensitivity to light, and withdrawal from neck flexion. A history uncovers that she is a daycare worker and many students have been absent recently.1. What do the symptoms suggest?2. Is this patient at particular risk for the suggested illness?3. What test needs to be done?4. How is this test performed?5. What are the two most likely microorganisms to be found with the test from question #3?6. Does the daycare need to be notified?Case #8:A 68 year old African-American male is transported to the ER with rapid onset left sided weakness. He was watering his lawn when he suddenly dropped the hose and fell to the ground. His speech was slurred when EMS personnel arrived. The man has a history of high blood pressure and hypercholesterolemia. His exam shows left facial areflexia and drooping. CT scan of the head shows no hemorrhage.1. What is the diagnosis?2. What is the likely location of the pathology in this instance?3. What are the risk factors for this condition?4. What are the possible mechanisms of pathology in this case?5. Which is the more likely mechanism of the pathology in this case?6. What is the underlying problem in this case?7. How did the underlying problem lead to this incident?Case #9:A 36 year old man is seeing his physician because he is becoming increasingly weak. He reports that the weakness progresses throughout the day. He has a desk job and can hardly keep his eyes open and head up by the end of the day. Other history is unremarkable. Cranial nerve examination shows weak facial muscles, inability to repeat movements, and bilateral ptosis. The patient?s shoulders droop with a very poor posture.1. What is the likely diagnosis?2. What is the pathogenesis of this disease?3. What other deficits might present if untreated?4. Why do the symptoms seem to worsen later in the day?5. What other conditions should be ruled out?6. What treatment should be sought?Case #10:Tim and Leanne are rushed to the hospital after a car accident. Tim was driving as the car was hit in the driver side door. He sustained a broken humerus from the direct impact. His arm was immobilized and he is resting in his room. Leanne, who was in the front passenger seat sustained a ruptured spleen and four adjacent broken ribs on the left side. Her wounds are from striking the middle console of the car. She is in the ICU with her chest wrapped.1. What are the factors that affect wound production?2. Which factor is the main difference causing Tim and Leanne to have such different injuries?3. What is the mechanism that caused the rupturing of Leanne?s spleen?4. What is the name of the condition in which several adjacent ribs is broken?5. Due to her broken ribs, what is Leanne at risk of developing?6. If Leanne?s lung is bruised, what other condition may develop?Assignment InstructionsResearch PaperAssignment Instructions:Most of you are taking this course with the intention of pursuing a career in healthcare. I always encourage my students to research the career they plan on striving for to ensure that they "know what they're getting into". I've seen plenty of students spend a lot of time and money to get an education only to discover that, for whatever reasons, they are not interested in the "9 to 5" routine of their chosen career once they graduate. Therefore, your research paper is going to be devoted to any health related career of your choice. This paper will enable to you to do the research behind the career you are considering and gain a better understanding about the job demands, rewards, etc. In addition to this research, I highly recommend that you take some "free time" to shadow a professional in the field of your choice or volunteer in the environment for which you desire to work so you can see the "real-world" pros and cons of the job. Very often, the academic prep is very different than the actual work setting/demands. Your education is the most valuable investment you can make, ensure that you make the right choice and know what you want for the long term.:)You will write your paper based on literature researched about your chosen field. Research should come from scientific information on the internet and research articles at the APUS Library and you must utilize between 5 and 10 reliable and relevant academic references. Your paper should include, but not be limited to the following topics:Name of the healthcare professionHistory of the professionHow this career has developed over the yearsEducation and training (i.e. internships, residencies, etc)State/National Certification or Exams requiredContinuing Education requiredTypical wages and benefitsEmployment opportunities and future outlook of this professionWork settings (i.e. hospitals, clinics, pharmaceutical companies, etc.)Types of services, duties, and responsibilities of the jobTypes of patients/clients served and/or types of conditions/disorders treatedWorking conditions of the jobHow this career is perceived by other professionals and lay peopleIf there are any "specialty" areasAny other general "pros" or "cons" that you come across in your research that are pertinent to youYour paper should be written in the THIRD PERSON taking the individual out of the writing and avoiding pronouns such as I, we, my, our (first person) and you, yours, your, us, we (second person). You should deal with facts and not opinions, thus providing citations within your paper and on your reference page. Focus on the subject itself and not on your feelings about the subject. The use of third person retains a formal tone in your writing. The use of first and second person can make a document seem more casual.However, the only place I want you to use the first person is in the Abstract section. I'd like you to use the Abstract to write about your personal opinions about this health care field: what got you interested in this career, why did you chose to write about it, what is your desire to be involved with this profession, etc.?PLEASE NOTE that you must submit your Research Paper as a ?Microsoft Word? document rather than a Word Pad, Works, etc. type of document, otherwise you will not receive credit for your work.Please review the university-wide policy on Plagiarism in your student handbook. All research papers will be submitted to a plagiarism detection website so it is imperative that your papers are your original work in your original words. Don?t forget to utilize proper APA style in-text citations for any paraphrasing and/or direct quotes utilized in your papers. Less than 10% of your paper should contain direct quotes and you should refrain from writing in the first or second person in your formal papers. Plagiarism will result in a zero for the entire assignment, as well as a formal letter to the Dean of Academic Affairs who will determine the next course of action, so make sure the work is your own.Here are some additional resources to assist you in the construction of your Research Paper:Research Paper Tips and GuidelinesAPA Papers ? General FormatAPA ? In-Text Citations: The BasicsAPA ? Reference List: Basic RulesSample APA Style Paper__________________________________________________________________________________Evaluation/Grading of this Assignment: Points are allocated as follows (Total of 100 points):A. Subject Knowledge and Content- (65 points possible). Your paper should be pertinent to the subject matter and demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the subject with an appropriate abstract, introduction, supporting paragraphs, and conclusions. The paper should be 1000-1500 words (not including cover page, references, etc.). Your paper should be written in your own words using proper in-text citations where indicated. Please review the ?Plagiarism? section located inside the APUS classroom under the ?Syllabus? link for details. You should use a minimum of five current and reliable sources for your research: two of which must be from credible scientific organizations. You can use Internet articles, journals, textbooks, etc. In fact, I strongly recommend that you utilize the APUS Online Library for your research as they offer a plethora of reliable and pertinent research sources. You may access the Online Library by clicking on the ?Library? link on the menu bar inside the electronic classroom. However, you should NEVER use Wikipedia for your research as anyone can alter the information on this site making it a poor source of accurate information.B. Format - (20 points possible). Your paper should utilize APA style format and contain a cover page, page headers, in-text citations, an abstract, introductory and concluding paragraphs, a main body, and a reference page. References should be cited and properly listed in APA format. Whenever you write a paper based on the research of someone else?s work, you must give credit to the original author. If you do not cite and document your sources carefully, you run the risk of plagiarism. In addition, when you document papers correctly, you provide others with a way to find the sources you have used. I recommend you visit the following web site (The Owl at Purdue) to learn how to properly cite your sources in the APA format:http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/. Your paper should be typewritten in double-spaced format using Arial or Times New Roman styles in a 12-point black font. All page margins (left, right, top, and bottom) should be set to 1 inch. See a copy of a sample of an APA formatted paper for reference: Sample APA Style Paper.C. Spelling/Grammar/Punctuation - (15 points possible). Submit a high-quality paper, free of spelling and grammatical errors, use your ?Spelling and Grammar Checker? in Word AND proofread your final draft!!!For a detailed list of rubrics for this paper, please refer to theSCIN360 Research Paper Grade Sheet. The Research Paper will contribute 12 points, or 12%, toward the final grade which is based on 100 total possible points.__________________________________________________________________________________Submission Instructions:1. Upload your paper for grading by clicking on the "Add Attachment" button at the bottom of the page.2. The new screen will prompt you to click the "Browse" button so you can locate the MS Word document of your paper on your computer.3. Find the file and double click on it.4. Click "Continue".5. Double check to ensure that your paper was successfully uploaded as an attachment.6. When you have completed this assignment, type "Completed" in the rich text editor box below and click the "Submit" button.7. Your assignment is automatically submitted to TurnItIn with your submission.Assignment Instructions:According to the Centers for Disease Control, the leading causes of death in the U.S. are:Heart diseaseCancerStroke (cerebrovascular diseases)Chronic lower respiratory diseasesAccidents (unintentional injuries)DiabetesAlzheimer's diseaseInfluenza and PneumoniaNephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosisSepticemiaChoose one of these topics and write a 500-word essay about it. Include a description of the specific condition chosen, how it is diagnosed, treatments/cures, prognosis, and statistics.Your paper should be written in the THIRD PERSON taking the individual out of the writing and avoiding pronouns such as I, we, my, our (first person) and you, yours, your, us, we (second person). You should deal with facts and not opinions, thus providing citations within your paper and on your reference page. Focus on the subject itself and not on your feelings about the subject. The use of third person retains a formal tone in your writing. The use of first and second person can make a document seem more casual.PLEASE NOTE that you must submit your Extra Credit Assignment as a ?Microsoft Word? document rather than a Word Pad, Works, etc. type of document, otherwise you will not receive credit for your work.Please review the university-wide policy on Plagiarism in your student handbook. All papers will be submitted to a plagiarism detection website so it is imperative that your papers are your original work in your original words. Don?t forget to utilize proper APA style in-text citations for any paraphrasing and/or direct quotes utilized in your papers. Less than 10% of your paper should contain direct quotes and you should refrain from writing in the first or second person in your formal papers. Plagiarism will result in a zero for the entire assignment, as well as a formal letter to the Dean of Academic Affairs who will determine the next course of action, so make sure the work is your own.Here are some additional resources to assist you in the construction of your paper:Research Paper Tips and GuidelinesAPA Papers ? General FormatAPA ? In-Text Citations: The BasicsAPA ? Reference List: Basic RulesSample APA Style Paper__________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluation/Grading of this Assignment: Points are allocated as follows (Total of 100 points): A. Subject Knowledge and Content- (65 points possible). Your paper should be pertinent to the subject matter and demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the subject with an appropriate introduction, supporting paragraphs, and conclusions. The paper should be at least 500 words (not including cover page, references, etc.). Your paper should be written in your own words using proper in-text citations where indicated. Pleasereview the ?Plagiarism? section located inside the APUS classroom under the ?Syllabus? link for details. You should use a minimum of five current andreliable sources for your research: two of which must be from credible scientific organizations. You can use Internet articles, journals, textbooks, etc. In fact, I strongly recommend that you utilize the APUS Online Library for your research as they offer a plethora of reliable and pertinent research sources. You may access the Online Library by clicking on the ?Library? link on the menu bar inside the electronic classroom. However, you should NEVER use Wikipedia for your research as anyone can alter the information on this site making it a poor source of accurate information.B. Format - (20 points possible). Your paper should utilize APA style format and contain a cover page, page headers, in-text citations, introductory and concluding paragraphs, a main body, and a reference page. References should be cited and properly listed in APA format. Whenever you write a paper based on the research of someone else?s work, you must give credit to the original author. If you do not cite and document your sources carefully, you run the risk of plagiarism. In addition, when you document papers correctly, you provide others with a way to find the sources you have used. I recommend you visit the following web site (The Owl at Purdue) to learn how to properly cite your sources in the APA format:http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/. Your paper should be typewritten in double-spaced format using Arial or Times New Roman styles in a 12-point black font. All page margins (left, right, top, and bottom) should be set to 1 inch. See a copy of a sample of an APA formatted paper for reference: Sample APA Style Paper.C. Spelling/Grammar/Punctuation - (15 points possible). Submit a high-quality paper, free of spelling and grammatical errors, use your ?Spelling and Grammar Checker? in Word AND proofread your final draft!!!The Extra Credit Assignment is worth up to 2 extra credit points toward the final grade which is based on 100 total possible points.__________________________________________________________________________________Submission Instructions:1. Upload your paper for grading by clicking on the "Add Attachment" button at the bottom of the page.2. The new screen will prompt you to click the "Browse" button so you can locate the MS Word document of your paper on your computer.3. Find the file and double click on it.4. Click "Continue".5. Double check to ensure that your paper was successfully uploaded as an attachment.6. When you have completed this assignment, type "Completed" in the rich text editor box below and click the "Submit" button.7. Your assignment is automatically submitted to TurnItIn with your submission.

 

Paper#62793 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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