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1. (TCO 6) A vision for a company is (Points: 1);an explanation of why the company exists and where it wants to go.;the same thing as an objective.;a detailed plan that outlines the major organizational structure of the firm.;very relevant for the short-term, but less useful for the long-term.;2. (TCO 6) Organizations that use self-managed teams often (Points: 1);have very autocratic managers.;delegate more planning, organizing and controlling tasks to lower-level managers.;eliminate most top management positions.;find they must increase the number of middle managers to manage and direct the;teams.;3. (TCO 6) A key to effective leadership is the ability to (Points: 1);maintain order, stability, and control.;communicate a vision and rally others around that vision.;master the technical details of the jobs performed by subordinates.;maintain an autocratic approach to dealing with others.;4. (TCO 6) The tendency for people to behave differently when they know they are being;studied is known as the ______. (Points: 1);Hawthorne effect;Taylor effect;Type II effect;induced motivation effect;5. (TCO 6) According to Herzberg, a sense of achievement, earned recognition, and interest;in the work itself are ______. (Points: 1);important motivators;hygiene factors;ways for workers to meet their social needs;consistent with his Theory X approach to motivation;6. (TCO 6) The practice of moving workers from one job to another to make work more;interesting is known as ______. (Points: 1);task mobility;job rotation;job incrementation;worker alternation;7. (TCO 6) According to expectancy theory, the amount of effort employees exert on a;specific task depends on their ______. (Points: 1);expectations of the outcome;manager's expectations of their performance;perception of the importance of the task;level of needs that are not yet satisfied;8. (TCO 6) One of the reasons management by objectives is an effective way to implement;the ideas of goal-setting theory is that it (Points: 1);makes it easier for managers to explain the reason for the goals they set for their;employees.;turns managers into helpers rather than coaches.;allows employees to set their own goals without the need to consult with managers.;provides a method to get everyone involved in the process of setting goals.;9. (TCO 6) A key idea in reinforcement theory is that (Points: 1);goals should be set by everyone in an organization.;managers can use both rewards and punishment to influence employee behavior.;managers should use the same reinforcement techniques for all employees.;employees are more likely to obey written instructions than verbal instructions.;10. (TCO 7) Operations management refers to activities managers perform to help their;firms produce ______. (Points: 1);services rather than goods;goods rather than services;both goods and services;financial data;11. (TCO 7) In recent years, the service sector of the U.S. economy has (Points: 1);grown much more rapidly than the manufacturing sector.;become the low-wage sector of the U.S. economy.;achieved extremely high productivity gains, according to government reports.;focused less on quality and more on reducing costs of production.;12. (TCO 7) According to the Thinking Green box titled, "The Green Movement Improves the;Economy," ______. (Points: 1);the Green Movement is determined as the only external circumstance that will bring;the U.S. out of the recession;green products are selling well, but not green services;the Green Movement is producing upwards of $200 billion worth of products and;services;wealthy people can still afford to buy things, and it is the wealthy who are interested;in going green;13. (TCO 7) The resurgence of U.S. manufacturing firms in recent years can be credited to;(Points: 1);the government's willingness to implement policies designed to protect U.S. firms;from low-cost foreign competition.;a decision by many U.S. manufacturers to drastically reduce costs by making more;extensive use of mass production techniques.;a number of significant changes in both the production techniques and management;styles used by U.S. firms.;a relaxation of government laws that has allowed manufacturing firms to merge;more easily, thus achieving stronger market positions.;14. (TCO 7) __________ is the specialized area of management that converts or transforms;resources into goods and services. (Points: 1);Logistics management;Resource engineering;Intrapreneuring;Operations management;15. (TCO 7) A production process characterized by a short production run and frequent;adjustments to machines so that different products can be produced is known as a(n);(Points: 1);just-in-time process;lean manufacturing system;analytic process;intermittent process;1. How did U.S. manufacturers become vulnerable to offshore outsourcing? Give examples to support your;answers. (Points: 13);2. What are some of the operations management practices that can help bring manufacturing back to the;United States? How can a focus on quality improve manufacturing? (Points: 13);3. How can lean manufacturing and near-sourcing help a company gain a competitive edge and;prepare for the future? (Points: 13);4. List your references according to APA guidelines in the space below. You are required to use at;least one outside source to support your viewpoint, and this source can be the textbook. (Points: 6)


Paper#75785 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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