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ACC 561 Final Exam.;P.S. Your questions will be chosen randomly from a large set of questions. Nobody can guarantee that these questions will cover completely your exam. If I helped you please leave ?A? feedback (I need it very much). Thank you and good luck.;1) Performance reports _____.;A. ignore areas that are presumed to be running smoothly;B. provide feedback by comparing results with plans and by highlighting deviations from plans;C. are deviations from a plan;D. are quantitative expressions of action plans;2) Budgets _____.;A. ignore areas that are presumed to be running smoothly;B. are deviations from a plan;C. are quantitative expressions of action plans;D. provide feedback by comparing results with plans and by highlighting deviations from plans;3) According to the Financial Executives Institute, one function of the treasurer is _____.;A. government reporting;B. reporting and interpreting financial information;C. Short term financing;D. tax administration;4) Which of the following is not a major factor causing changes in management accounting today?;A. E-commerce is not a major factor.;B. Declining work ethic is not a major factor.;C. Increased global competition is not a major factor.;D. Increasing importance of the service sector of the economy is not a major factor.;5) Below is a statement from the Institute of Management Accountants? Statement of Ethical Professional Practice. ?Refrain from disclosing confidential information acquired in the course of their work except when authorized, unless legally obligated to do so.? It is an example of _____.;A. integrity;B. competence;C. confidentiality;D. objectivity;6) Ethical accountants are important to society because _____.;A. none of these answers is correct;B. they pay their taxes;C. the information produced is reliable;D. they will not go to prison and waste taxpayers' money;7) _____ refers to accounting information developed for managers within an organization.;A. Tax accounting;B. Financial accounting;C. Managerial accounting;D. Internal auditing;8) The primary users of management accounting information are _____.;A. suppliers;B. internal decision makers;C. governmental regulatory authorities;D. bankers;9) _____ is the field of accounting that develops information for external decision makers such as stockholders, suppliers, banks, and government regulatory agencies.;A. Financial accounting;B. Management accounting;C. Tax accounting;D. Auditing;10) The _____ is also called the statement of financial position.;A. balance sheet;B. income statement;C. statement of retained earnings;D. statement of cash flows;11) Any event that affects the financial position of an organization and requires recording is called a(n)_____.;A. account;B. transaction;C. posting;D. accounting change;12) _____ would not appear on the financial statements for a sole proprietorship.;A. Cost of Goods Sold;B. Paid-in Capital;C. Accumulated Depreciation;D. Unearned Sales Revenues;13) The accounting convention of _____ guides the relative sophistication of the accounting system.;A. cost benefit;B. objectivity;C. Conservatism;D. materiality;14) Mr. Bryant invested $50,000 cash in a new corporation. The new corporation will record this transaction with a debit to_____.;A. Cash and a credit to Retained Income for $50,000;B. Cash and a credit to Paid-in Capital for $50,000;C. Retained Earnings and a credit to Cash for $50,000;D. Paid-in Capital and a credit to Retained Earnings for $50,000;15) The accounting convention of _____ means selecting the method of measurement that yields the gloomiest immediate results.;A. objectivity;B. conservatism;C. cost benefit;D. materiality;16) The statement of cash flows is used for all of the following except_____.;A. determining a company's ability to pay its debts when they are due;B. evaluating the creditworthiness of the organization;C. showing the relationship of net income to changes in cash;D. revealing commitments that may restrict future courses of action;17) The Rebecca Company acquired merchandise inventory costing $10,000 on September 1. The company will not pay for the inventory until October 1. This transaction will affect the Rebecca Company by increasing the Merchandise Inventory account by $10,000 and _____.;A. decreasing the Accounts Payable account by $10,000;B. decreasing the Capital account by $10,000;C. increasing the Accounts Payable account by $10,000;D. increasing the Capital account by $10,000;18) Nonoperating items on the income statement_____.;A. reflect the effects of financial management decisions;B. appear on the income statement immediately after gross profit;C. are revenues and expenses arising from adjusting entries;D. appear only on corporate income statements;19) Which value chain function would include depreciation on transportation cost?;A. The customer service function would include depreciation on transportation cost.;B. The marketing function would include depreciation on transportation cost;C. The distribution function would include depreciation on transportation cost.;D. The production function would include depreciation on transportation cost.;20) Which value chain function would include advertising costs?;A. The customer service function would include advertising costs.;B. The production function would include advertising costs.;C. The distribution function would include advertising costs.;D. The marketing function would include advertising costs.;21) Which of the following is not a cost driver of customer services costs?;A. Travel costs are not a cost driver of customer services costs.;B. Number of service calls is not a cost driver of customer services costs.;C. Hours spent servicing products are not a cost driver of customer services costs.;D. All of these answers are correct;22) Hug Me Company produces dolls. Each doll sells for $20.00. Variable costs per unit total $14.00, of which $6.25 is for direct materials and $5.25 is for direct labor. If total fixed costs are $435,000, then the break even volume in dollars is _____.;A. $1,023,529;B. $621,429;C. $1,450,000;D. $435,000;23) If the sales price per unit is $100, the unit variable cost is $75, and total fixed costs are $150,000, then the break even volume in dollar sales rounded to the nearest whole dollar is _____.;A. $600,000;B. $150,000;C. $200,000;D. $1,500;24) Knothole Company sells desks at $480 per desk. The costs associated with each desk are as follows;Direct materials $195;Direct labor 126;Variable factory overhead 51;Total fixed costs for the period are $456,840. The break-even volume in dollars is _____.;A. $1,573,560;B. $2,030,400;C. $456,840;D. none of these answers is correct;25) _____ of approximating cost functions does not involve the analysis of past costs.;A. Visual fit analysis;B. Engineering analysis;C. High low analysis;D. least-squares regression;26) Managers should apply two principles to obtain accurate and useful cost functions. These principles are ____.;A. plausibility and reliability;B. reliability and validity;C. plausibility and believability;D. believability and validity;27) In relation to a cost function, the term reliability means_____.;A. whether the cost function conforms to a given mathematical model;B. how well the cost function predicts future costs;C. whether the costs and activities can be easily observed;D. how well the cost function explains past cost behavior;28) _____ is a name for a system that first accumulates overhead costs for each of the activities of an organization, and then assigns the costs of activities to the products, services, or other cost objects that caused that activity.;A. Cost driver accounting;B. Activity based costing;C. Transaction costing;D. Transaction based accounting;29) _____ need cost accounting systems.;A. Service organizations and nonprofit organizations;B. Manufacturing firms and service organizations;C. Manufacturing firms, service organizations, and nonprofit organizations;D. Manufacturing firms and nonprofit organizations;30) _____ is an example of the external financial reporting purpose of the cost management systems.;A. The product mix to optimize profitability;B. The cost of a manufacturing process;C. Budget reporting;D. The amount of inventory that should appear on the balance sheet;31) A sales forecast is _____.;A. the result of decisions to create conditions;B. a prediction of sales under a given set of conditions;C. all of these answers are correct;D. the same as a sales budget that will generate a desired level of sales;32) _____ budgeting is when budgets are formulated with the active participation of all affected employees;A. Team;B. Financial;C. Shared;D. Participative;33) A _____ gives the expected sales under a given set of conditions.;A. sales budget;B. sales prediction;C. sales forecast;D. budget forecast;34) Unit sales of Product A are currently 10,000, while unit sales of Product B are double those of Product A. The com?pany's sales forecast will be _____, assuming sales of Product A increase by 10% and those of Product B increase by 4,000 units.;A. 11,000 and 22,000 units, respectively;B. none of these answers is correct;C. 11,000 and 24,000 units, respectively;D. 10,000 and 20,000 units, respectively;35) The master budget includes forecasts for all of the following except _____.;A. number of employees;B. cash disbursements;C. balance sheets;D. sales;36) A sales forecast is _____.;A. the result of decisions to create conditions;B. all of these answers are correct;C. the same as a sales budget that will generate a desired level of sales;D. a prediction of sales under a given set of conditions;37) _____ are components of a master budget.;A. An operating budget and a financial budget;B. A cash budget and an activity budget;C. A continuous budget and a static budget;D. A strategic plan and an operating budget;38) Which of the following statements is false?;A. Flexible budgets are not based on the same revenue and cost behavior assumptions as the static budget.;B. Flexible budgets are automatically matched to changes in activity levels;C. Flexible budgets are prepared for a range of activity.;D. Flexible budgets help provide a basis for management by exception.;39) The master budget quantifies targets for all of the following except _____.;A. production;B. cost driver activity;C. markets;D. sales;40) Cost allocation base refers to the _____.;A. total costs to be allocated;B. total allocated costs;C. cost objectives;D. cost driver;41) The preferred guidelines for allocating service department costs include _____.;A. evaluating performance using allocated costs for each service department;B. establishing part or all of the details regarding cost allocation in advance of rendering the service;C. allocating variable- and fixed-cost pools simultaneously;D. identifying the direct and indirect costs;42) _____ is not a type of cost allocation.;A. Reallocation of costs from service departments to production departments;B. Allocation of costs of a particular organizational unit to products or services;C. Reallocation of costs from production departments to service departments;D. Allocation of costs to the appropriate organizational unit;43) Kevin Company has two service departments, Maintenance and Personnel, as well as two production departments, Mixing and Finishing. Maintenance costs are allocated based on square footage while personnel costs are allocated based on number of employees. The following information has been gathered for the current year;Maintenance Personnel Mixing Finishing;Direct dept. costs $126,000 $84,000 $105,000 $175,000;Square footage 800 400 1,600 1,200;Number of employees 8 12 24 32;If the step-down method of allocating costs is used and the Personnel Department is allocated first, then the amount of overhead that would be allocated from Personnel to Finishing is _____.;A. $72,000;B. $31,500;C. $105,000;D. $42,000;44) Murphy Company has two service departments, Maintenance and Personnel, as well as two production departments, Mixing and Finishing. Maintenance costs are allocated based on square footage while personnel costs are allocated based on number of employees. The following information has been gathered for the current year;Maintenance Personnel Mixing Finishing;Direct dept. costs $126,000 $84,000 $105,000 $175,000;Square footage 800 400 1,600 1,200;Number of employees 8 12 24 32;If the step-down method of allocating costs is used and the Personnel Department is allocated first, then the amount of overhead that would be allocated from Personnel to Mixing is _____.;A. $58,500;B. $63,000;C. $78,000;D. $31,500;45) Serena Company has two service departments, Maintenance and Personnel, as well as two production departments, Mixing and Finishing. Maintenance costs are allocated based on square footage while personnel costs are allocated based on number of employees. The following information has been gathered for the current year;Maintenance Personnel Mixing Finishing;Direct dept. costs $126,000 $84,000 $105,000 $175,000;Square footage 800 400 1,600 1,200;Number of employees 8 12 24 32;If the step-down method is used to allocate costs and the Maintenance Department is allocated first, then the amount of overhead that would be allocated from Maintenance to Finishing is _____.;A. $31,500;B. $57,000;C. $47,250;D. $42,750;46) When the variable costing method is used, fixed factory overhead appears on the income statement as a_____.;A. fixed expense;B. production-volume variance;C. component of cost of goods sold and as a production-volume variance;D. component of cost of goods sold;47) _____ is (are) used for external reporting.;A. Absorption costing;B. Variable costing;C. Absorption costing and variable costing;D. Direct costing;48) In absorption costing, costs are separated into the major categories of_____.;A. manufacturing and nonmanufacturing;B. manufacturing and fixed;C. variable and nonmanufacturing;D. fixed and variable;49) _____ is the first step in designing a management control system.;A. Evaluating management's performance;B. Establishing organizational goals;C. Distinguishing between profit centers and cost centers;D. Preparing financial statements;50) _____ is (are) the most basic component of a management control system.;A.The organization's long-range budget;B.The organization's goals;C.Top management's preferences;D.The stockholder's preferences;51) Identify which of the following is not a characteristic of a management control system.;A.A management control system aids and coordinates the process of making decisions.;B.A management control system encourages short term profitability.;C.A management control system coordinates forecasting sales and cost driver activities, budgeting, and measuring and evaluating performance.;D.A management control system motivates individuals throughout the organization to act in concert.;52) Jewel Company's revenues are $300 and invested capital is $240. Expenses are currently 60% of sales. Jewel Company's current return on investment is _____.;A. 50%;B. 100%;C. none of these answers are correct;D. 80%;53) The following information is available for the Peter Company;Sales $500,000;Invested Capital 312,500;ROI 10%;The return on sales is _____.;A. 10.000%;B. none of these answers is correct;C. 6.250%;D. 1.000%;54) The following information is available for the Peter Company;Sales $150,000;Invested Capital 156,250;ROI 10%;The return on sales is _____.;A. 10.00%;B. none of these answers is correct;C. 10.42%;D. 62.50%;ACC 561 Final Exam.;1) Budgets _____.;A. ignore areas that are presumed to be running smoothly;B. are deviations from a plan;C. are quantitative expressions of action plans;D. provide feedback by comparing results with plans and by highlighting deviations from plans;2) Performance reports _____.;A. ignore areas that are presumed to be running smoothly;B. provide feedback by comparing results with plans and by highlighting deviations from plans;C. are deviations from a plan;D. are quantitative expressions of action plans;3) Department performance reports can be used to help department heads determine _____.;A. who is primarily responsible for any deviations from plans;B. how efficiently the department is operating;C. how effectively and efficiently the department is operating;D. how effectively the department is operating;4) Below is a statement from the Institute of Management Accountants' Statement of Ethical Professional Practice. ?Refrain from disclosing confidential information acquired in the course of their work except when authorized, unless legally obligated to do so.? It is an example of _____.;A. objectivity;B. confidentiality;C. integrity;D. competence;5) Ethical accountants are important to society because _____.;A. none of these answers is correct;B. they pay their taxes;C. the information produced is reliable;D. they will not go to prison and waste taxpayers' money;6) According to the Institute of Management Accountants' Statement of Ethical Professional Practice, the standard of competence includes;A. All of these answers are correct;B. the ongoing development of the accountant's knowledge and skills;C. avoiding actual or apparent conflicts of interest;D. disclosing all relevant information;7) _____ is the field of accounting that develops information for external decision makers such as stockholders, suppliers, banks, and government regulatory agencies.;A. Financial accounting;B. Auditing;C. Tax accounting;D. Management accounting;8) _____ refers to accounting information developed for managers within an organization.;A. Tax accounting;B. Internal auditing;C. Managerial accounting;D. Financial accounting;9) The primary users of management accounting information are _____.;A. suppliers;B. bankers;C. governmental regulatory authorities;D. internal decision makers;10) _____ would not appear on the financial statements for a sole proprietorship.;A. Unearned Sales Revenues;B. Paid-in Capital;C. Cost of Goods Sold;D. Accumulated Depreciation;11) The _____ is also called the statement of financial position.;A. statement of cash flows;B. income statement;C. balance sheet;D. statement of retained earnings;12) Etiwanda Company's accountant recorded a debit to Accounts Payable and a credit to Cash. This transaction will_____.;A. decrease Cash and decrease Accounts Payable;B. increase Cash and increase Accounts Payable;C. increase Cash and decrease Accounts Payable;D. decrease Cash and increase Accounts Payable;13) Valuing assets at replacement cost to facilitate the measurement of ?economic income? violates the _____ accounting convention.;A. cost benefit;B. conservatism;C. materiality;D. objectivity;14) The use of acquisition cost less depreciation in valuing an asset on the balance sheet is the logical result of the _____ accounting convention.;A. materiality;B. cost-benefit;C. continuity;D. conservatism;15) Mr. Bryant invested $50,000 cash in a new corporation. The new corporation will record this transaction with a debit to_____.;A. Cash and a credit to Paid-in Capital for $50,000;B. Paid-in Capital and a credit to Retained Earnings for $50,000;C. Retained Earnings and a credit to Cash for $50,000;D. Cash and a credit to Retained Income for $50,000;16) The statement of cash flows is used for all of the following except_____.;A. evaluating the creditworthiness of the organization;B. revealing commitments that may restrict future courses of action;C. showing the relationship of net income to changes in cash;D. determining a company's ability to pay its debts when they are due;17) Nonoperating items on the income statement_____.;A. appear on the income statement immediately after gross profit;B. appear only on corporate income statements;C. are revenues and expenses arising from adjusting entries;D. reflect the effects of financial management decisions;18) The Rebecca Company acquired merchandise inventory costing $10,000 on September 1. The company will not pay for the inventory until October 1. This transaction will affect the Rebecca Company by increasing the Merchandise Inventory account by $10,000 and _____.;A. decreasing the Capital account by $10,000;B. increasing the Capital account by $10,000;C. increasing the Accounts Payable account by $10,000;D. decreasing the Accounts Payable account by $10,000;19) Which of the following is not a cost driver of customer services costs?;A. All of these answers are correct;B. Travel costs are not a cost driver of customer services costs.;C. Number of service calls is not a cost driver of customer services costs.;D. Hours spent servicing products are not a cost driver of customer services costs.;20) Which value chain function would include the cost of computer-aided design equipment and cost to develop the prototype of a product?;A. The marketing function would include these costs;B. The design of product, services, and processes function would include these costs.;C. The production function would include these costs.;D. The distribution function would include these costs.;21) Output measures of both resources and activities are _____.;A. variable activities;B. stages of production;C. fixed activities;D. cost drivers;22) If the sales price per unit is $100, the total fixed costs are $75,000, and the break even volume in dollar sales is $250,000, then the variable cost per unit is _____.;A. $30;B. $100;C. $75,000;D. $70;23) Hug Me Company produces dolls. Each doll sells for $20.00. Variable costs per unit total $14.00, of which $6.25 is for direct materials and $5.25 is for direct labor. If total fixed costs are $435,000, then the break even volume in dollars is _____.;A. $435,000;B. $1,023,529;C. $621,429;D. $1,450,000;24) Walnut Corporation sells desks at $480 per desk. The costs associated with each desk are as follows;Direct materials $195;Direct labor 126;Variable factory overhead 51;Total fixed costs for the period are $456,840. The contribution margin per desk is _____.;A. $126;B. $108;C. $51;D. $195;25) _____ is a method of approximating cost functions.;A. Account analysis;B. Transaction analysis;C. Product analysis;D. Cost driver analysis;26) The _____ method of measuring cost functions is the least reliable.;A. multiple least squares regression;B. visual fit;C. simple least squares regression;D. high low;27) In relation to a cost function, the term reliability means_____.;A. how well the cost function explains past cost behavior;B. whether the cost function conforms to a given mathematical model;C. how well the cost function predicts future costs;D. whether the costs and activities can be easily observed;28) _____ need cost accounting systems.;A. Manufacturing firms, service organizations, and nonprofit organizations;B. Service organizations and nonprofit organizations;C. Manufacturing firms and nonprofit organizations;D. Manufacturing firms and service organizations;29) _____ is an example of the external financial reporting purpose of the cost management systems.;A. Budget reporting;B. The product mix to optimize profitability;C. The amount of inventory that should appear on the balance sheet;D. The cost of a manufacturing process;30) _____ is a name for a system that first accumulates overhead costs for each of the activities of an organization, and then assigns the costs of activities to the products, services, or other cost objects that caused that activity.;A. Transaction costing;B. Cost driver accounting;C. Transaction based accounting;D. Activity based costing;31) _____ budgeting is when budgets are formulated with the active participation of all affected employees;A. Shared;B. Team;C. Participative;D. Financial;32) A _____ gives the expected sales under a given set of conditions.;A. sales forecast;B. sales prediction;C. sales budget;D. budget forecast;33) A sales forecast is _____.;A. all of these answers are correct;B. a prediction of sales under a given set of conditions;C. the result of decisions to create conditions;D. the same as a sales budget that will generate a desired level of sales;34) The master budget includes forecasts for all of the following except _____.;A. cash disbursements;B. sales;C. number of employees;D. balance sheets;35) Unit sales of Product A are currently 10,000, while unit sales of Product B are double those of Product A. The com?pany's sales forecast will be _____, assuming sales of Product A increase by 10% and those of Product B increase by 4,000 units.;A. none of these answers is correct;B. 10,000 and 20,000 units, respectively;C. 11,000 and 22,000 units, respectively;D. 11,000 and 24,000 units, respectively;36) A sales forecast is _____.;A. all of these answers are correct;B. a prediction of sales under a given set of conditions;C. the result of decisions to create conditions;D. the same as a sales budget that will generate a desired level of sales;37) _____ probably would not be used as a measure of activity in a flexible budget.;A. Number of hours worked by salespeople;B. Sales volume;C. Number of direct labor hours worked;D. Number of machine hours used;38) Which of the following statements is false?;A. Flexible budgets are automatically matched to changes in activity levels;B. Flexible budgets help provide a basis for management by exception.;C. Flexible budgets are not based on the same revenue and cost behavior assumptions as the static budget.;D. Flexible budgets are prepared for a range of activity.;39) _____ are components of a master budget.;A. A cash budget and an activity budget;B. A continuous budget and a static budget;C. A strategic plan and an operating budget;D. An operating budget and a financial budget;40) Costs are allocated for all the following purposes except to _____.;A. compute income and asset valuation;B. determine inventory levels;C. predict the economic effects of planning and control decisions;D. obtain reimbursement;41) _____ is not a type of cost allocation.;A. Reallocation of costs from production departments to service departments;B. Allocation of costs of a particular organizational unit to products or services;C. Allocation of costs to the appropriate organizational unit;D. Reallocation of costs from service departments to production departments;42) The use of budgeted service department cost rates protects using departments from _____.;A. all of these answers are correct;B. service outages;C. service department efficiencies;D. price fluctuations;43) Murphy Company has two service departments, Maintenance and Personnel, as well as two production departments, Mixing and Finishing. Maintenance costs are allocated based on square footage while personnel costs are allocated based on number of employees. The following information has been gathered for the current year;Maintenance;Personnel;Mixing;Finishing;Direct dept. costs $126,000 $84,000 $105,000 $175,000;Square footage 800 400 1,600 1,200;Number of employees 8 12 24 32;If the step-down method of allocating costs is used and the Personnel Department is allocated first, then the amount of overhead that would be allocated from Personnel to Mixing is _____.;A. $78,000;B. $63,000;C. $31,500;D. $58,500;44) Martinez Company has two service departments, Maintenance and Personnel, as well as two production departments, Mixing and Finishing. Maintenance costs are allocated based on square footage while personnel costs are allocated based on number of employees. The following information has been gathered for the current year;Maintenance;Personnel;Mixing;Finishing;Direct dept. costs $50,400 $33,600 $42,000 $5,600;Square footage 1,600 800 3,200 2,400;Number of employees 16 24 48 64;If the step down method is used to allocate costs and the Maintenance Department is allocated first, then the amount of overhead that would be allocated from Personnel to Maintenance is _____.;A. $0;B. $3,539;C. $4,998;D. $4,200;45) Gomez Company has two service departments, Maintenance and Personnel, as well as two production departments, Mixing and Finishing. Maintenance costs are allocated based on square footage while personnel costs are allocated based on number of employees. The following information has been gathered for the current year _____.;Maintenance;Personnel;Mixing;Finishing;Direct dept. costs $126,000 $84,000 $105,000 $175,000;Square footage 800 400 1,600 1,200;Number of employees 8 12 24 32;If the step-down method is used to allocate costs and the Maintenance Department is allocated first, the amount of overhead that would be allocated from Maintenance to Mixing is;A. $36,000;B. $42,750;C. $42,000;D. $63,000;46) _____ is (are) used for external reporting.;A. Absorption costing and variable costing;B. Direct costing;C. Absorption costing;D. Variable costing;47) _____ is another term for variable costing.;A. Absorption costing;B. Direct costing;C. Traditional costing;D. Full costing;48) In absorption costing, costs are separated into the major categories of_____.;A. variable and nonmanufacturing;B. manufacturing and fixed;C. fixed and variable;D. manufacturing and nonmanufacturing;49) _____ is the first step in designing a management control system.;A. Distinguishing between profit centers and cost centers;B. Establishing organizational goals;C. Preparing financial statements;D. Evaluating management's performance;50) Identify which of the following is not a characteristic of a management control system.;A. A management control system coordinates forecasting sales and cost driver activities, budgeting, and measuring and evaluating performance.;B. A management control system encourages short term profitability.;C. A management control system motivates individuals throughout the organization to act in concert.;D. A management control system aids and coordinates the process of making decisions.;51) _____ is the logical integration of management accounting tools to gather and report data and to evaluate performance.;A. A management control system;B. A quality control system;C. A financial reporting system;D. An internal control system;52) Jewel Company?s revenues are $300 and invested capital is $240. Expenses are currently 60% of sales. Jewel Company?s current return on investment is _____.;A. none of these answers are correct;B. 100%;C. 80%;D. 50%;53) The following information is available for the Peter Company;Sales $500,000;Invested Capital 312,500;ROI 10%;The return on sales is _____.;A. none of these answers is correct;B. 6.250%;C. 1.000%;D. 10.000%;54) Speedo Company?s revenues are $300 on invested capital of $240. Expenses are currently 70% of sales. If Angelo Company can reduce its invested capital by 20%, return on investment will be _____.;A. 46.88%;B. 93.75%;C. 18.75%;D. 75%;ACC 561 Final Exam.;1. _____ refers to accounting information developed for managers;within an organization.;a. Internal auditing;b. Managerial accounting;c. Financial accounting;d. Tax accounting;2. Ethical accountants are important to society because _____.;a. they pay their taxes;b. the information produced is reliable;c. they will not go to prison and waste taxpayers? money;d. none of these answers is correct;3. Performance reports _____.;a. are quantitative expressions of action plans;b. provide feedback by comparing results with plans and by highlighting deviations from plans;c. are deviations from a plan;d. ignore areas that are presumed to be running smoothly;4. Output measures of both resources and activities are _____.;a. cost drivers;b. stages of production;c. fixed activities;d. variable activities;5. An accountant may have difficulty classifying costs as fixed or variable because _____.;a. costs may behave in a nonlinear way;b. costs may be affected by more than one cost driver;c. the decision situation may cause the costs to be fixed in the short term;d. all of these answers are correct;6. If the proportions in a sales mix change, the _____.;a. contribution margin per unit increases;b. break even point will remain the same;c. cost volume profit relationship also changes;d. net income will not be altered;7. _____ will decrease a company's break-even point.;a. Reducing its total fixed costs;b. Decreasing contribution margin per unit;c. Increasing variable cost per unit;d. Decreasing the selling price per unit;8. Costs that change abruptly at intervals of activity because the resources and their costs come in indivisible chunks are called ?????_____.;a. mixed costs;b. variable costs;c. fixed costs;d. step costs;9. _____ arise as a result of strategic decisions about the scale and scope of an;organization's activities.;a. Capacity costs;b. Discretionary costs;c. Mixed costs;d. Engineered costs;10. _____ is the first step in estimating or predicting costs as a function of appropriate cost drivers.;a. Cost measurement;b. Cost determination;c. Co

 

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