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According to the Federal Reserve's Federal Open Market Committee (2011), the Federal Reserve "controls the three tools of monetary policy?open market operations, the discount rate, and the reserve requirements.";It goes on to say that using these three tools, the Federal Reserve influences the demand for and supply of balances that depository institutions hold at the Federal Reserve Banks, and in this way, it alters the federal funds rate. The federal funds rate is the interest rate at which depository institutions lend balances at the Federal Reserve to other depository institutions overnight.;Discuss the impact if the Fed chose to raise or lower the federal funds rate, as it relates to the chain of events that affect the following;Other short-term interest rates;Long-term interest rates;Employment;Output;Average Prices of goods and services (i.e., inflation);Using your understanding of the financial system, the demand for money, banking and the money supply, the stock market, interest and spending, interest and investment, how money moves, and how monetary policy affects aggregate supply and demand and inflation;Demonstrate your understanding of how the Fed influences the money supply (M1) and interest rates in a graph.;What are some additional tools the Fed can consider to influence the economy beyond these three tools?


Paper#77274 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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