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Global Information System;Name;Institution;Introduction;Global information system (GIS) and the relating systems have become more popular in terms of usage in many organizations. Various organizations employ the use of GIS as a tool for the creation, management and use of the geospatial data and information. An organization may use benefits from its use, for example, there can be improved the level of operation, money and time can be saved and also the decision-making process can be facilitated. Data analysis and its manipulation which were somehow difficult can be enabled by the use of GIS. It can be important to organizations and also the targeted users in an organization.;However, the effectiveness and accuracy of the GIS depends on how appropriately they are designed, developed, implemented and also the management. Effective systems are designed and developed using a process that is structured to ensure that the GIS satisfy the needs of the end users i.e. the organization. The designing and development process of the GIS involves five phases/stages namely: planning, analysis of the requirements, designing, acquisition & development and lastly the operation & maintenance.;The planning stage involves the definition of the scope of GIS and coming up with an overview of the plan. Analysis of the requirements that is the second phase, deals with the determination of the specific requirements of the end user. The designing phase is where all the requirements, developing data and the system specifications are integrated. The fourth phase involves the acquisition of system components and developing them to come up with the desired/prospected system. The fifth phase is where the system is then put to operation in an active mode and maintenance of data and also the system is initiated.;After it has been implemented, the organization can then benefit from the integration of the technology as it will provide a new perspective and form the basis for the operations within the organization and also externally. The role of the GIS in an organization greatly affects the operation environment of the organization. The successful GIS implementation provides real benefits to the organization and the user. The system is designed to be dependent on the well-articulated organization justification, the support of the organization and also the funding. The costs can be easily evaluated, strategies for funding can also be developed and the GIS initiatives can be supported.;Conclusion;Many organizations employ the use of GIS in operations that are somehow isolated for variety of applications. These applications may range from the analysis of the market to the customer service. Organizations that use GIS as decentralized tools for business have some characteristics. These characteristics include: application of GIS which deal with entirely data on a small scale on a wide area, applications which are of large scale and are performed entirely for small areas, the emphasis are done on the demographic and the economic data, the GIS functions can be carried out by the applications which are statistical analysis and they map the display.;Currently, the GIS and the mapping tools are being availed in traditional business environment and also the other applications which activate the applications to be GIS enabled. The mapping tool can be availed as a function of the spreadsheet. The organization has GIS tools that are available within the applications and can consider themselves as the application rather than just the GIS users.;References;Cavaye, A. L. M. (1997): Challenges during the development of transnational information systems. Journal of Information Technology, 12 (2), 99?106.;Kneitel, A. M. (1980): Evolving and implementing a worldwide management information system (IMS/MIS). MIS Quarterly, 4 (3), 31-40.;Loeb, K., Rai., A., Ramaprasad, A., & Sharma, S. (1998): Design, development, and implementation of a global information warehouse: a case study at IBM. Information Systems Journal, 8 (4), 291-311.;Tractinsky, N., & Jarvenpaa, S. L. (1995): Information systems design decisions in a global versus domestic context. MIS Quarterly, 19 (4), 507-534.

 

Paper#77399 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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