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Acc 504 Final Exam Solved----Excellent work

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;ACCT 504 Final Exam (Keller);[Pin It];Question 1.1. (TCO A) An advantage of the corporate form of business is _____. (Points: 5);it is simple to establish;the corporate tax rate is less than the personal tax rate;corporations must pay dividends;the shareholders are not responsible for the corporation?s debts;Question 2.2. (TCO A) Dividends flow through which one of the following statements? (Points: 5);The Balance Sheet;The Statement of Retained Earnings;The Income Statement;None of the above;Question 3.3. (TCOs A, B) Below is a partial list of account balances for LBJ Company;Cash;$15,000;Prepaid insurance;1,000;Accounts receivable;3,500;Accounts payable;3,000;Notes payable;6,000;Common stock;100,000;Dividends;1,500;Revenues;75,000;Expenses;45,500;What did LBJ Company show as total credits? (Points: 5);$185,500;$250,500;$66,000;$184,000;Question 4.4. (TCOs B, E) Which of the following statements is correct with regard to accrual accounting? (Points: 5);Accrual accounting is consistent with the matching principle.;Accrual accounting is less complex than the cash-basis method.;Accrual accounting does not record expenses until paid.;Accrual accounting does not record revenue until payment is received.;Question 5.5. (TCO D) Which inventory method will result in the lowest income taxes when prices are decreasing? (Points: 5);The average cost method;LIFO;FIFO;Income tax expense will be the same.;Question 6.6. (TCO A, E) Equipment was purchased for $27,000. Freight charges amounted to $1,000 and there was a cost of $5,000 for building a foundation and installing the equipment. It is estimated that the equipment will have a $5,000 salvage value at the end of its 7-year useful life. Depreciation expense each year using the straight-line method will be _____. (Points: 5);$4,714;$4,000;$3,857;$3,285;Question 7.7. (TCOs D, G) When the market rate of interest is equal to the stated rate of interest on the bond, the bond will require _____. (Points: 5);a debit to Discount on Bonds Payable;a credit to Discount on Bonds Payable;a credit to Bonds Payable;a debit to Bonds Payable;Question 8.8. (TCO C) Accounts receivable arising from sales to customers amounted to $50,000 and $45,000 at the beginning and end of the year, respectively. Income reported on the income statement for the year was $150,000. Based on these transactions, the cash flows from operating activities to be reported on the statement of cash flows would be _____. (Points: 5);$195,000;$145,000;$115,000;$155,000;Question 9.9. (TCO F) If you are calculating the percentage change between 2 years worth of sales data, you are conducting a _____. (Points: 5);common-size analysis;vertical analysis;horizontal analysis;ratio analysis;Question 10.10. (TCO F) When performing a common-size Income Statement, the 100% figure is _____. (Points: 5);net sales;total liabilities plus stockholders? equity;net income;total assets;Question 11.11. (TCO F) Ratios are most useful in expressing _____. (Points: 5);cause-and-effect relationships;the relationships between numbers;the delta between numbers;the root cause of the problem;Question 12.12. (TCO F) Creditors are usually most concerned with analyzing _____. (Points: 5);the company stock price;turnover;liquidity;profitability;Question 13.13. (TCO F) Shareholders are usually most interested in evaluating _____. (Points: 5);profitability;leverage;turnover;the ability to pay debts as they come due;Question 14.14. (TCO G) To calculate the market value of a bond, we need to use the time-value-of-money concept called _____. (Points: 5);interpolation;future value;compounding;discounting;(TCO A) Below you will find selected information (in millions) from Coca-Cola Co.?s 2012 Annual Report;Income Taxes Payable;$471;Short-term Investments and Marketable Securities;8,109;Cash;8,442;Other non-current Liabilities;10,449;Common Stock;1,760;Receivables;4,812;Other Current Assets;2,973;Long-term Investments;10,448;Other Non-current Assets;3,585;Property, Plant and Equipment;23,486;Trademarks;6,527;Other Intangible Assets;20,810;Allowance for Doubtful Accounts;53;Accumulated Depreciation;9,010;Accounts Payable;8,680;Short Term Notes Payable;17,874;Prepaid Expenses;2,781;Other Current Liabilities;796;Long-Term Liabilities;14,736;Paid-in-Capital in Excess of Par Value;11,379;Retained Earnings;55,038;Inventories;3,264;Treasury Stock;35,009;Other information taken from the Annual Report;Sales Revenue for 2012;$48,017;Cost of Goods Sold for 2012;19,053;Net Income for 2012;9,019;Inventory Balance on 12/31/11;3,092;Net Accounts Receivable Balance on 12/31/11;4,920;Total Assets on 12/31/11;79,974;Equity Balance on 12/31/11;31,921;Required;1. Using the information provided prepare a Balance Sheet. Separate the current assets from non-current assets and provide a total for each. Also separate the current liabilities from the non-current liabilities and provide a total for each.;2. Using the Balance Sheet from your answer above, calculate the Current Ratio and Return on common stockholders? equity ratio. (Make sure to show all your work).;(Points: 36);Question 2.2.;(TCO B) The following selected data was retrieved from the Walmart, Inc. financial statements for the year ending January 31, 2013;Accounts Payable;$38,080;Accounts Receivable;6,768;Cash;7,781;Common Stock;3,952;Cost of Goods Sold;352,488;Income Tax Expense;7,981;Interest Expenses;2,064;Membership Revenues;3,048;Net Sales;466,114;Operating, Selling and Administrative Expenses;88,873;Retained Earnings;72,978;Required;Using the information provided above;1. Prepare a multiple-step income statement;2. Calculate the Profit Margin, and Gross profit rate for the company. Be sure to provide the formula you are using, show your calculations, and discuss your findings/results.;(Points: 36);Question 3.3. (TCO C) Please review the following real-world Hewlett Packard Statement of Cash flows and address the two questions below;Cash flow from operating activities;In millions;In millions;For the year ended 2012;For the year ended 2011;Net (loss) earnings;$(12,650);$7,074;Depreciation and amortization;5,095;4,984;Impairment of goodwill and purchased intangible assets;18,035;885;Stock-based compensation expense;635;685;Provision for doubtful accounts;142;81;Provision for inventory;277;217;Restructuring charges;2,266;645;Deferred taxes on earnings;(711);166;Excess tax benefit from stock-based competition;(12);(163);Other, net;265;(46);Accounts and financing receivables;1,269;(227);Inventory;890;(1,252);Accounts payable;(1,414);275;Taxes on earnings;(320);610;Restructuring;(840);(1,002);Other assets and liabilities;(2,356);(293);Net cash provided by operating activities;10,571;12,639;Cash flows from investing activities;Investment in property, plant, and equipment;(3,706);(4,539);Proceeds from sale of property, plant, and equipment;617;999;Purchases of available-for-sale securities and other investments;(972);(96);Maturities and sales of available-for-sale securities and other investment;662;68;Payments in connection with business acquisitions, net of cash acquired;(141);(10,480);Proceeds from business divestiture, net;87;89;Net cash used in investing activities;(3,453);(13,959);Cash flow from financing activities;(Payments) issuance of commercial paper and notes payable, net;(2,775);(1,270);Issuance of debt;5,154;11,942;Payment of debt;(4,333);(2,336);Issuance of common stock under employee stock plans;716;896;Repurchase of common stock;(1,619);(10,117);Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation;12;163;Cash dividends paid;(1,015);(844);Net cash used in financing activities;(3,860);(1,566);Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents;3,258;(2,886);Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period;8,043;10,929;Cash and cash equivalents at end of period;$11,301;$8,043;Required;1) Please calculate the percentage increase or decrease in cash for the total line of the operating, investing, and financing sections bolded above and explain the major reasons for the increase or decrease for each of these sections.;2) Please calculate the free cash flow for 2012 and explain the meaning of this ratio.;(Points: 36);Question 4.4. (TCO D) You are CFO of Goforit, Inc., a wholesale distribution company specializing in emerging technologies. Your CEO is a brilliant marketer, but relies on you to explain issues and choices in accounting and finance. She has heard from other members of a CEO organization to which she belongs that a company?s net income can vary widely depending on which accounting choices are made from the ?GAAP menu.?;Assuming the goal is to maximize net income, choose an accounting treatment from each of the following scenarios, and explain to your CEO why the choice will produce the desired effect on reported Net Income for the current year. Include in your answer the effect of the choice on both the income statement and balance sheet.;Required;a. Goforit carries significant electronics inventory in a competitive environment in which prices are actually falling. Which inventory valuation method would you choose?LIFO, FIFO, or average cost? Assume that unit purchases exceed unit sales.;b. Goforit has a large investment in warehouse equipment, including conveyor belts, forklifts, and automated packaging systems. Which depreciation method would you choose: straight line (SL) or double declining balance (DDB)?;(Points: 36);Question 5.5. (TCO F) Please review the following real-world ratios for Johnson & Johnson and Pfizer for the year ended 2012 and address the 2 questions below.;Ratio Name;Johnson & Johnson;Pfizer;Profit margin;16.1%;24.7%;Inventory turnover ratio;3.1;1.7;Average collection period;59.4 days;69.1 days;Cash debt coverage ratio;.27;.16;Debt to Total assets;46.6%;127.5%;Required;1) Please explain the meaning of each of the Pfizer ratios above.;2) Please state which company performed better for each ratio.;(Points: 36)

 

Paper#79553 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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