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Ashford University ACC 206 Wk 1 - 5 Discussion Question

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WK 1 DQ;DQ 1;Paid-In Capital and the Balance Sheet;From Chapter 12, Ethical Issue 12-1. Complete all parts of the case and respond to at least two of your classmates? postings.;Stan Sewell paid $50,000 for a franchise that entitled him to market software programs in the countries of the European Union. Sewell intended to sell individual franchises for the major language groups of Western Europe?German, French, English, Spanish, and Italian. Naturally, investors considering buying a franchise from Sewell asked to see the financial statements of his business.;Believing the value of the franchise to be $500,000, Sewell sought to capitalize his own franchise at $500,000. The law firm of St. Charles & LaDue helped Sewell form a corporation chartered to issue 500,000 shares of common stock with par value of $1 per share. Attorneys suggested the following chain of transactions;a. Sewell's cousin, Bob, borrows $500,000 from a bank and purchases the franchise from Sewell.;b. Sewell pays the corporation $500,000 to acquire all its stock.;c. The corporation buys the franchise from Cousin Bob.;d. Cousin Bob repays the $500,000 loan to the bank.;In the final analysis, Cousin Bob is debt-free and out of the picture. Sewell owns all the corporation's stock, and the corporation owns the franchise. The corporation's balance sheet lists a franchise acquired at a cost of $500,000. This balance sheet is Sewell's most valuable marketing tool.;Requirements;What is unethical about this situation?;Who can be harmed? How can they be harmed? What role does accounting play?;DQ 2;Effects on Retained Earnings and the Income Statement;Discuss cash dividends and stock dividends. How is each recorded? When each is issued, what is the affect on assets, liabilities and owner?s equity? Respond to at least two of your classmates? postings.;Wk 2 DQ;DQ 1 The Statement of Cash Flows;From Chapter 14, Fraud Case 14-1. Complete all parts of the case and respond to at least two of your classmates? postings by Day 7.;Frank Lou had recently been promoted to construction manager at a development firm. He was responsible for dealing with contractors who were bidding on a multi-million dollar excavation job for the new high-rise. Times were tough, several contractors had gone under recently, and the ones left standing were viciously competitive. That morning, four bids were sitting on Frank's desk. The deadline was midnight, and the bids would be opened the next morning. The first bidder, Bo Freely, was a tough but personable character that Frank had known for years. Frank had lunch with him today, and after a few beers, Bo hinted that if Frank ?inadvertently? mentioned the amount of the lowest bid, he?d receive a ?birthday card? with a gift of cash. After lunch, Frank carefully unsealed the bids and noticed that another firm had underbid Bo's company by a small margin. Frank took Bo's bid envelope, wrote the low bid amount in pencil on it, and carried it downstairs where Bo's son William was waiting. Later that afternoon, a new bid came in from Bo's company. The next day, Bo's company got the job, and Frank got a birthday card in his mailbox.;Requirements;1. Was Frank's company hurt in any way by this fraudulent action?;2. How could this action hurt Frank?;3. How can a business protect against this kind of fraud?;DQ 2 Financial Statement Analysis;Discuss what high current ratios indicate and why are businesses with extremely high current ratios (example: 25.0) at risk? Explain what a high accounts receivable turnover indicates to a business? Respond to at least two of your classmates? postings.;Week 3;DQ 1 Introduction to Managerial Accounting;From Chapter 16, Ethical Issue 16-1. Complete all parts of the case and respond to at least two of your classmates? postings.;Becky Knauer recently resigned from her position as controller for Shamalay Automotive, a small, struggling foreign car dealer in Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. Becky has just started a new job as controller for Mueller Imports, a much larger dealer for the same car manufacturer. Demand for this particular make of car is exploding, and the manufacturer cannot produce enough to satisfy demand. The manufacturer's regional sales managers are each given a certain number of cars. Each sales manager then decides how to divide the cars among the independently owned dealerships in the region. Because of high demand for these cars, dealerships all want to receive as many cars as they can from the regional sales manager.;Becky's former employer, Shamalay Automotive, receives only about 25 cars a month. Consequently, Shamalay was not very profitable.;Becky is surprised to learn that her new employer, Mueller Imports, receives over 200 cars a month. Becky soon gets another surprise. Every couple of months, a local jeweler bills the dealer $5,000 for ?miscellaneous services.? Franz Mueller, the owner of the dealership, personally approves payment of these invoices, noting that each invoice is a ?selling expense.? From casual conversations with a salesperson, Becky learns that Mueller frequently gives Rolex watches to the manufacturer's regional sales manager and other sales executives. Before talking to anyone about this, Becky decides to work through her ethical dilemma.;Requirement;1. Put yourself in Becky's place.;a. What is the ethical issue?;b. What are your options?;c. What are the possible consequences?;d. What should you do?;DQ 2 Job Order and Process Costing;Manufacturers use three inventory accounts. Name each one and explain what costs each contain.;Wk 4 DQ;DQ 1 Activity-Based Costing and Other Cost Management Tools;Fraud Case 18-1. Complete all parts of the case and respond to at least two of your classmates? postings.;Anu Ghai was a new production analyst at RHI, Inc., a large furniture factory in North Carolina. One of her first jobs was to update the activity rates for factory production costs. This was normally done once a year, by analyzing the previous year's actual data, factoring in projected changes, and calculating a new rate for the coming year. What Anu found was strange. The activity rate for ?maintenance? had more than doubled in one year, and she was puzzled how that could have happened. When she spoke with Larry McAfee, the factory manager, she was told to spread the increases out over the other activity costs to ?smooth out? the trends. She was a bit intimidated by Larry, an imposing and aggressive man, but she knew something wasn?t quite right. Then one night she was at a restaurant and overheard a few employees who worked at RHI talking. They were joking about the work they had done fixing up Larry's home at the lake last year. Suddenly everything made sense. Larry had been using factory labor, tools, and supplies to have his lake house renovated on the weekends. Anu had a distinct feeling that if she went up against Larry on this issue, she would come out the loser. She decided to look for work elsewhere.;Requirements;1. Besides spotting irregularities, like the case above, what are some other ways that ABC cost data are useful for manufacturing companies?;2. What are some of the other options that Anu might have considered?;DQ 2 Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis;Discuss how the following affect the break-even point;Week 5;DQ 1 The Master Budget and Responsibility Accounting;From Chapter 22, Ethical Issue 22-1. Complete all parts of the case and respond to at Ethical Issue 22-1;Residence Suites operates a regional hotel chain. Each hotel is operated by a manager and an assistant manager/controller. Many of the staff who run the front desk, clean the rooms, and prepare the breakfast buffet work part-time or have a second job so turnover is high.;Assistant manager/controller Terry Dunn asked the new bookkeeper to help prepare the hotel's master budget. The master budget is prepared once a year and is submitted to company headquarters for approval. Once approved, the master budget is used to evaluate the hotel's performance. These performance evaluations affect hotel managers? bonuses and they also affect company decisions on which hotels deserve extra funds for capital improvements.;When the budget was almost complete, Dunn asked the bookkeeper to increase amounts budgeted for labor and supplies by 15%. When asked why, Dunn responded that hotel manager Clay Murry told her to do this when she began working at the hotel. Murry explained that this budgetary cushion gave him flexibility in running the hotel. For example, because company headquarters tightly controls capital improvement funds, Murry can use the extra money budgeted for labor and supplies to replace broken televisions or pay ?bonuses? to keep valued employees. Dunn initially accepted this explanation because she had observed similar behavior at the hotel where she worked previously.;Requirements;Put yourself in Dunn's position. In deciding how to deal with the situation, answer the following questions;1. What is the ethical issue?;2. What are my options?;3. What are the possible consequences?;4. What should I do?;DQ 2 Flexible Budgets and Standard Costs;What are the benefits of standard costs?;How do businesses set those standards?

 

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